Oglethorpe County, Georgia

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Oglethorpe County, Georgia
Oglethorpe County Courthouse.jpeg
Oglethorpe County Georgia Courthouse
Map of Georgia highlighting Oglethorpe County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 19, 1795
Named for James Oglethorpe
Seat Lexington
Largest city Crawford
Area
 • Total 442 sq mi (1,145 km2)
 • Land 439 sq mi (1,137 km2)
 • Water 3.0 sq mi (8 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 14,899
 • Density 34/sq mi (13/km²)
Congressional district 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Oglethorpe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It is the largest county in Northeast Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,899.[1] The county seat is Lexington.[2]

Oglethorpe County is included in the Athens-Clarke County, Georgia, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Oglethorpe County was originally part of a large tract of land surrendered by Creek and Cherokee Native Americans to the Colony of Georgia in the treaty of 1773. The county itself was founded on December 19, 1795, and is named for Georgia's founder, General James Oglethorpe.

Education[edit]

Recreation[edit]

  • White Water Rafting on the Broad and South Fork Broad Rivers
  • ATV and Motor Bike Park
  • Sportsman Hunting: Seasonal Whitetail Deer, Turkey and Rabbit

Historic Districts and Heritage Research, Antique Stores in Historic Lexington, Agriculture and Agritourism as well as Oglethorpe Fresh Produce

State Parks[edit]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 442.17 square miles (1,145.2 km2), of which 441.11 square miles (1,142.5 km2) (or 99.76%) is land and 1.06 square miles (2.7 km2) (or 0.24%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

U.S. highways[edit]

State routes[edit]

Major Rivers[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 9,780
1810 12,297 25.7%
1820 14,046 14.2%
1830 13,618 −3.0%
1840 10,868 −20.2%
1850 12,259 12.8%
1860 11,549 −5.8%
1870 11,782 2.0%
1880 15,400 30.7%
1890 16,951 10.1%
1900 17,881 5.5%
1910 18,680 4.5%
1920 20,287 8.6%
1930 12,927 −36.3%
1940 12,430 −3.8%
1950 9,958 −19.9%
1960 7,926 −20.4%
1970 7,598 −4.1%
1980 8,929 17.5%
1990 9,763 9.3%
2000 12,635 29.4%
2010 14,899 17.9%
Est. 2012 14,618 −1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 12,635 people, 4,849 households, and 3,539 families residing in the county. The population density was 11/km² (29/mi²). There were 5,368 housing units at an average density of 5/km² (12/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.29% White, 19.75% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 1.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,849 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.00% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,578, and the median income for a family was $41,443. Males had a median income of $30,733 versus $22,289 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,089. About 10.00% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Notable Residents[edit]

William H. Crawford (1772–1834) - U.S. Minister to France, U.S. Secretary of War, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, nearly successful candidate for President of the United States

George Mathews (1739–1812) - Revolutionary hero and twice Governor

Meriwether Lewis (1774–1809) was a teenage resident and later the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition

Wilson Lumpkin (1783–1870) - Governor

George R. Gilmer (1790–1859) - Twice Governor

Joseph H. Lumpkin (1799–1867) First Chief Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court, framed the state's penal code, cofounder of the Lumpkin Law School at UGA

James Monroe Smith (1839–1915) renowned agriculturist and plantation owner of historic Smithonia.

Country music performer Kenny Rogers resided in Oglethorpe County for a time. This can be verified through County Property records. He owned an Estate known as Beaverdam Farms there. The home was featured on Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous; the Estate contained a horse farm with several barns, a private indoor basketball court, and an in-home movie theater, among other things. The bathrooms were even noted as having 24kt gold faucets. The original asking price on Beaverdam Farms when Rogers sold the property was $24 million.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 23, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 23, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°53′N 83°05′W / 33.88°N 83.08°W / 33.88; -83.08