Terrell County, Georgia

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Terrell County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Terrell County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1856
Named for William Terrell
Seat Dawson
Largest city Dawson
Area
 • Total 338 sq mi (875 km2)
 • Land 335 sq mi (868 km2)
 • Water 2.3 sq mi (6 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 9,315
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.terrellcounty-ga.com

Terrell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,315.[1] The county seat is Dawson.[2]

Terrell County is included in the Albany, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Formed from portions of Randolph and Lee counties on February 16, 1856, by an act of the Georgia General Assembly, Terrell County is named for Dr. William Terrell ((1778–1855) of Sparta, Georgia, who served in the Georgia General Assembly and the United States House of Representatives.

During the American Civil War, after Atlanta's capture by Union forces, a refugee settlement was established in Terrell County for civilians forced to flee the city. The Fosterville settlement, named after Georgia Quartermaster General Ira Roe Foster,[3] was according to author Mary Elizabeth Massey, the most ambitious refugee project approved by the Georgia General Assembly [during that period].[4] On March 11, 1865, the Georgia General Assembly authorized General Foster to continue to provide for maintenance of said exiles, or such of them as are unable by their labor to support themselves, or their families for the balance of the present year.[4]

In September 1962, an African American church was burned down after it was used for voter registration meetings.[5] Prathia Hall delivered a speech at the site of the ruins in September 1962, in which she used the repeated phrase "I have a dream". Martin Luther King is said to have built on it.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 338 square miles (880 km2), of which 335 square miles (870 km2) is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) (0.7%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 6,232
1870 9,053 45.3%
1880 10,451 15.4%
1890 14,503 38.8%
1900 19,023 31.2%
1910 22,003 15.7%
1920 19,601 −10.9%
1930 18,290 −6.7%
1940 16,675 −8.8%
1950 14,314 −14.2%
1960 12,742 −11.0%
1970 11,416 −10.4%
1980 12,017 5.3%
1990 10,653 −11.4%
2000 10,970 3.0%
2010 9,315 −15.1%
Est. 2013 9,022 −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,315 people residing in the county. 61.2% were Black or African American, 36.6% White, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% of some other race and 0.9% of two or more races. 1.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 10,970 people, 4,002 households, and 2,913 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 4,460 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 37.95% White, 60.69% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 1.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,002 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.10% were married couples living together, 24.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.20% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 88.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,969, and the median income for a family was $31,693. Males had a median income of $27,320 versus $19,895 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,894. About 22.70% of families and 28.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.50% of those under age 18 and 22.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Lisa Tendrich Frank (2008). Women in the American Civil War. ABC-CLIO. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-85109-600-8. 
  4. ^ a b Mary Elizabeth Massey (2001). Refugee Life in the Confederacy. Louisiana State University Press. p. 246. ISBN 978-0-8071-2688-2. 
  5. ^ http://crdl.usg.edu/export/html/ugabma/walb/crdl_ugabma_walb_walb00067.html?Welcome
  6. ^ Holsaert, Faith et al. Hands on the Freedom Plow: Personal Accounts by Women in SNCC. University of Illinois Press, 2010, p. 180.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°47′N 84°26′W / 31.78°N 84.44°W / 31.78; -84.44