Equipment of the Syrian Army

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List of modern equipment of the Syrian Arab Army.[1] The vast majority of Syrian military equipment was Soviet manufactured but the organization and military doctrine of the armed forces followed a mix of French and Western influences as the Soviet Union jealously guarded its operational principles and never shared them with client states.[2] Accuracy of numbers is difficult to assess during the Syrian Civil War specially losses and heavy weapons from Russia and Iran (like drones or tanks).

Small arms[edit]

Pistols[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Makarov PM Semi-automatic pistol 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union Пистолет Макарова.png 8-round magazine.
Tokarev TT-33 Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev  Soviet Union TT 33 Pistol.jpg 8-round magazine.
Browning Hi-Power Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Belgium Browning High-Power 9mm IMG 1526.jpg 13-round magazine.

Carbines[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AKS-74U Carbine 5.45×39mm M74  Soviet Union Aks74u.jpg 30-round magazine, limited usage.[3]
9A-91 Carbine 9×39mm  Russia 9A-91.jpg Limited usage by the Syrian Republican Guard.[4]

Assault rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AK-47 Automatic rifle 7.62×39mm M43/M67  Soviet Union AK47.jpg 30-round magazine, used mostly by National Defence Force.
AKM Automatic rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union Akm rifle fullstock.jpg 30-round magazine, main service.
AK-74M Automatic rifle 5.45×39mm M74  Soviet Union Ak-74mpdomain.JPG 30-round magazine, limited usage.[5]
Zastava M70 Automatic rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Yugoslavia Zastava M-70.jpg 30-round magazine, moderate usage by Syrian Army.
Type 56 Automatic rifle 7.62×39mm M43  People's Republic of China Norinco type 56.jpg 30-round magazine, used mostly by National Defence Force.[6]
Sa vz. 58 Automatic rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Czechoslovakia Sa 58-JH01.jpg 30-round magazine.
AMD 65 Automatic rifle 7.62×39mm M43 Hungary People's Republic of Hungary AMD65training.JPG 30-round magazine.

Sniper rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Dragunov SVD Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union SVD Dragunov.jpg 10-round magazine, main sniper rifle.
PSL Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR Romania Socialist Republic of Romania PSL rifle.jpg 10-round magazine.[7]
Zastava M91 Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Sniper Zastava M91.jpg 10-round magazine.
Steyr SSG 69 Sniper rifle 7.62x51mm NATO  Austria Steyr SSG 69.jpg 5-round magazine.
OSV-96 Anti-materiel rifle 12.7×108mm  Russia OSV-96 and OTs-03 MAKS-2009.jpg 5-round magazine.
sayyad-2 Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG  Iran Steyr HS .50-frontal-scope.jpg It's a Copy OF Steyr HS .50 Single shot bolt-action.

Light machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
RPD Light machine gun 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union LMG-RPD-44.jpg Former main service.
RPK Light machine gun 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union Soviet RPK.JPEG Main service.

Medium machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
DS-39 Degtyaryov Medium machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union DS39 machine gun 1.jpg Limited service with Syrian Army, mostly in reserve.
SG-43 Goryunov Medium machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union SG DF-ST-86-08093.jpg Limited service with Syrian Army, most common variant SGMT is mounted on T-55 tanks.

Heavy machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
DShK 1938 Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union Expomil 2005 01 TR-85M1 02 Mitraliera PKT.jpg Moderate usage.
KPV Heavy machine gun 14.5×114mm  Soviet Union ZPU-1-batey-haosef-1.jpg Moderate usage.
NSV Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union 12,7 NSV Turku 3.JPG Main service.

General-purpose machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
PKM General-purpose machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union PKM DD-ST-85-01257.JPEG Main service.[8]
Type 80 General-purpose machine gun 7.62×54mmR  People's Republic of China VOA Arrott - A View of Syria, Under Government Crackdown 08.jpg Moderate usage.

Grenades[edit]

Name Type Diameter Origin Photo Notes
F-1 Hand grenade 55mm  Soviet Union F1 grenade travmatik com 01 by-sa.jpg 4 meter kill radius, 3.5-4 second fuse.
RGD-5 Hand Grenade 58mm  Soviet Union Grenade RGD-5 Navy.jpg Propels ~350 fragments, 5 meter kill radius, 3.2-4 second fuse.
RPG-43 Anti-tank grenade 95mm  Soviet Union Kim Shin-jo weapons RPG43 (1).JPG 75mm RHA penetration, hard impact activates impact fuse.
RKG-3 Anti-tank grenade  Soviet Union 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (183-29).jpg 170mm RHA penetration, impact fuse.

Grenade launchers[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AGS-17 Automatic grenade launcher 30×29mm grenade  Soviet Union 30-мм автоматический гранатомет АГС-17 Пламя.jpg Belt fed with 29-round drums, high rate of fire.[9]

Mines[edit]

Name Type Detonation Origin Photo Notes
PMN mine Anti-personnel mine Pressure  Soviet Union PMN (rechts) und PMN 2.jpeg ~240g TNT, anti-personnel blast mine.
PMD series mines Anti-personnel mine Pressure  Soviet Union PMD-6 2 (ORDATA).jpg Wooden box with a slot and detonator.
TM-35 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union Soviet TM-35 mine at the Museum on Sapun Mountain in Sevastopol.jpg 2.8 kg of TNT.
TM-38 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union Russian - TM-38 landmine.jpg Detonates when there is 440 lbs of pressure.
TM-41 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union TM-41 2 (ORDATA).jpg 3.9 kg of Amatol or TNT, short cylinder with the entire top surface being used as a pressure plate.
TM-44 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union TM-41 4 (ORDATA).jpg 5.4 kg of Amatol, broadly similar to the earlier, smaller, TM-41 mine.
TM-46 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union TM-46 AP-mine.JPEG 5.7 kg of TNT.
TM-57 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union TM-57 held with tilt fuze.jpg 6.3 kg of TNT.
TM-62 series of mines Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (183-19).jpg 7.5 kg of TNT.
TM-72 mine Anti-tank mine Magnetic influence fuse  Soviet Union 100mm RHA penetration, cylindrical metal-cased anti-tank mine.
TM-83 mine Anti-tank mine Seismic sensors  Russia 9.6 kg of TNT.
TM-89 mine Anti-tank mine Seismic sensors  Russia 6.7 kg of TNT.
TMA-3 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Yugoslavia Panzermine TMA-3.jpg 6.5 kg of TNT.
TMA-4 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Yugoslavia Panzermine TMA-4.jpg 5.5 kg of TNT.
TMA-5 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Yugoslavia 5.5 kg of TNT.

Armored fighting vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
T-55/55MV/AM/AMV Main battle tank <2,000[1]  Soviet Union T-55 4.jpg Some upgraded.[10]
120 Donated to Iran during the Iran–Iraq War - 180 Donated to Lebanese Armed Forces in 1993 - Dozens destroyed, damaged and captured by Anti government Insurgents since March 2011.
T-62M/K Main battle tank <1000[1]  Soviet Union T-62 BRL.jpg 100 donated to Iran during the Iran–Iraq War - Dozens destroyed, damaged and captured by Anti government Insurgents since March 2011.
T-72/72M/A/AV /TURMS-T/M1 TURMS-T Main battle tank <1500[1]  Soviet Union
 Czechoslovakia
T-72 NPA.JPG More than 1600 in 2010, some upgraded.[11][12]
Dozens destroyed, damaged and captured by Anti government Insurgents since March 2011.
PT-76 Amphibious light tank <80  Soviet Union PT-76-latrun-1.jpg Most likely in service in the Tartus Governorate.
BRDM-2 Amphibious Armoured Scout Car ~700  Soviet Union BRDM 2 TBiU 24 2.jpg Some armed with 9K11 Malyutka ATGM.
More than 1200 recived from the Soviet Union.
BMP-1 Infantry fighting vehicle <2,000[1]  Soviet Union Bmp-1-DMSC9112086 JPG.jpg 200 donated to Iran during the Iran–Iraq War - Dozens destroyed, damaged and captured by Anti government Insurgents since March 2011.
BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle <100[1]  Soviet Union BMP-2 front q.jpg Deployed in Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign.
BVP-1 AMB-S Field ambulance ~80  Czechoslovakia Den otevřených dveří areálu MHD Řečkovice Technického muzea v Brně (29).jpg Deployed in the Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign in Syrian Civil War.
BREM-1/ BREM-2[13] Armored recovery vehicle ~100  Soviet Union Engineering Technologies - 2012 (1-40).jpg Deployed in the Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign in Syrian Civil War.[14]
BTR-40 Armoured personnel carrier ~120  Soviet Union BTR-40.jpg
BTR-152 Armoured personnel carrier 300  Soviet Union BTR-152-TCM-20-hatzerim-2.jpg
BTR-50 Armoured personnel carrier 550  Soviet Union BTR-50-latrun-1-2.jpg
BTR-60PB/PU-12 Armoured personnel carrier 650  Soviet Union BTR-60PB front left.JPEG Some BTR-60PBs have been detached to army brigades on a strictly defensive role. The BTR-60PU-12 air defense command vehicle is detached to Strela-1 and Strela-10 SAM battalions.[15]
BTR-80 Armoured personnel carrier ~10  Soviet Union Engineering Technologies - 2012 (3-14).jpg BTR-80s were given to Syria by Russia as a part of the chemical weapons hand over deal.[16] They are deployed to protect convoys that transport the chemical weapons to the port of Latakia. The first two photos were posted on Syrian Perspective.[17][18]
OT-64 SKOT Armoured personnel carrier Unknown  Czechoslovakia/ Poland OT-64 SKOT.jpg 300 OT-64C ordered from Czechoslovakia in 1976 and delivered between 1977 and 1979 most scrapped[15]

Logistics and utility vehicles[edit]

Ural-4320, the most common transport vehicle
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
MAZ-7310 8x8 Artillery Truck 200  Soviet Union Main role is to carry the R-17 Elbrus Scud-B ballistic missile.
Ural-4320 6x6 Off-road truck 500  Soviet Union 25 Ural-4320-31 armored trucks were given by Russia to secure transport of Syria's chemical weapons arsenal.[15][16]
Ural-375D 6x6 4.5 ton truck 350  Soviet Union Transport vehicle, another use is being a BM-21 multiple rocket launcher.
ZIL 131 6x6 3.5 ton truck 300  Soviet Union Cargo truck, also can become a BM-21 multiple rocket launcher.
ZIL-135 Artillery truck 84  Soviet Union Main role is to carry the FROG-7 ballistic missile.
ZIL-157 6x6 2.5 ton truck 84  Soviet Union
GAZ-66 4x4 Off-road truck 200  Soviet Union Transport vehicle for motorized infantry.
GAZ-3308 4x4 Utility truck 200  Russia Transport vehicle for motorized infantry.
UAZ-469 Military All-terrain vehicle 500  Soviet Union
KAMAZ-43114 6x6 Side truck 100  Russia 50 were given by Russia to secure transport of Syria's chemical weapons arsenal.[15]

Towed field artillery[edit]

D-30 on display
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
PM-37 Mortar 200  Soviet Union 82mm.
PM-43 Mortar 700  Soviet Union 120mm.
M1938 Mortar 200  Soviet Union 120mm.
M1943 Mortar 100  Soviet Union 160mm.
M-240 Mortar 10  Soviet Union 240mm.
A-19 Howitzer 100  Soviet Union 122mm.
M-30 Howitzer 150  Soviet Union 122mm.
D-74 Field Gun 400  Soviet Union 122mm. In storage.
D-30 Howitzer 600  Soviet Union 122mm.
M-46 Field Gun 800  Soviet Union 130mm.
D-20 Howitzer 20  Soviet Union 152mm.
ML-20 Howitzer 50  Soviet Union 152mm.
D-1 Howitzer 20  Soviet Union 152.4mm (6 inch).
S-23 Howitzer 10  Soviet Union 180mm.

Self-propelled field artillery[edit]

Locally produced Syrian T-34/D-30 122mm Self Propelled Howitzer
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
T-34/D-30 Self-propelled howitzer 36  Syria D-30 mounted on T-34. 122mm.
2S1 Gvozdika Self-propelled howitzer 300  Soviet Union 122mm.
2S3 Akatsiya Self-propelled howitzer 100  Soviet Union 152mm
2S4 Tyulpan Mortar carrier 24  Soviet Union 240mm

Anti-tank[edit]

B-10s are often used to fire at enemies behind cover
9M133 Kornet ATGM
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
SPG-9 Recoilless Rifle  Soviet Union 73mm.
B-10[19] Recoilless Rifle  Soviet Union 82mm.
B-11 Recoilless Rifle  Soviet Union 107mm.
M40 Recoilless Rifle  Iran 106mm.
T-12 Anti-tank Gun  Soviet Union 100mm.
BS-3 Anti-tank Gun  Soviet Union 100mm.
D-48 Anti-tank Gun  Soviet Union 85mm.
ZiS-2 Anti-tank Gun  Soviet Union 57mm.
RPG-2[20] Recoilless Rifle  Soviet Union PG-2 (82mm)
RPG-7 Rocket Propelled Grenade  Soviet Union Ammunition: PG-7V (85mm) PG-7VL (93mm) PG-7VR (64/105mm) OG-7V (40mm).
RPG-18 Rocket Propelled Grenade  Soviet Union 64mm.
RPG-29 Rocket Propelled Grenade  Soviet Union
 Russia
65mm & 105mm.
RPG-75 Anti-tank weapon  Czechoslovakia 68mm.
M79 Osa Anti-tank weapon  Yugoslavia 90mm.
3M6 Shmel (AT-1 Snapper) Anti-tank missile  Soviet Union
SS.11 Anti-tank missile 486  France
HOT Anti-tank missile 1000  France
GermanyWest Germany
3M11 Falanga (AT-2 Swatter) Anti-tank Guided Weapon 200  Soviet Union In storage.
9K11 Malyutka (AT-3 Sagger) Anti-tank Guided Weapon 410  Soviet Union Possibly in storage.[1] Used during the Syrian Civil War.[21][22]
9K111 Fagot (AT-4 Spigot) Anti-tank Guided Weapon 150[1]  Soviet Union
9M113 Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel) Anti-tank Guided Weapon 40[1]  Soviet Union
9K115 Metis (AT-7 Saxhorn) Anti-tank Guided Weapon Unknown  Soviet Union
9M117 Bastion (AT-10 Stabber) Anti-tank Guided Weapon 800[1]  Soviet Union
9M119 Svir (AT-11 Sniper) Anti-tank Guided Weapon Unknown  Russia
9K115-2 Metis-M (AT-13 Saxhorn-2) Anti-tank Guided Weapon Unknown  Russia Presence confirmed by use of looted 9K115-2 systems by rebels.[23]
9M133 Kornet (AT-14 Spriggan) Anti-tank Guided Weapon 1,000[1]  Russia
Saeghe-2s Anti-tank Guided Weapon  Iran
Toophan Anti-tank Guided Weapon  Iran

Multiple Launch Rocket Systems[edit]

A row of BM-21s
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Type 63 Multiple Launch Rocket Systems 100  China/ Iran 107mm.
Khaibar Multiple Launch Rocket Systems 100  China/ Syria 302mm.
BM-14 Multiple Launch Rocket Systems 50  Soviet Union 140mm.
BM-21 Grad Multiple Launch Rocket Systems 200  Soviet Union 122mm.
BM-24 Multiple Launch Rocket Systems N/A  Soviet Union 240mm.
BM-27 Uragan Multiple Launch Rocket Systems 36  Soviet Union/ Russia 220mm. Spotted in November 2014 during the Syrian Civil War[24]
BM-30 Smerch Multiple Launch Rocket Systems N/A  Soviet Union 300mm. Presence confirmed by use of the 9M55K cluster munition used by the system.[25] Facts have not been confirmed by of real object, it is an anonymous message private person, adopted HRW. But was never officially available.[26][27][28]
Fajr-3 Multiple Launch Rocket Systems N/A  Iran 240mm.
Fajr-5 Multiple Launch Rocket Systems N/A  Iran 333mm.
Ra'ad Multiple Launch Rocket Systems N/A  Iran 220mm.
Falaq-2 Multiple Launch Rocket Systems N/A  Iran 333mm.

Tactical Ballistic Missile[edit]

Fateh-110
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
FROG-7[29] Tactical ballistic missile ~18 Mobile launchers[30]  Soviet Union Unknown number of missiles.
Scud-B[29] Tactical ballistic missile ~42 Mobile launchers[30]  Soviet Union/ North Korea ~ 200 missiles
OTR-21 Tochka[29] Tactical ballistic missile ~12 Mobile launchers[30]  Soviet Union ~ 100 missiles
9K720 Iskander Tactical ballistic missile 24[31]  Russia Downgraded export variant Iskander E ordered in 2006 - Status unclear[32]
Hwasong-6[29] Tactical ballistic missile ~160 missiles[30]  North Korea North Korean Scud C Version.
Hwasong-7[29] Tactical ballistic missile ~100 missiles[30]  North Korea North Korean Scud D Version.
Fateh-110[29] Tactical ballistic missile 900+ missiles[30]  Iran Local designation M-600 or Tashreen.
Zelzal-2[33] Tactical ballistic missile Unknown  Iran
Zelzal-3 Tactical ballistic missile Unknown  Iran
Shahab-2 Tactical ballistic missile Unknown  Iran At least one used in February 2014 according with a video upload by Foreign insurgents[34][35]

Towed anti-aircraft artillery[edit]

Type 65 being fired
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
ZPU Anti-aircraft gun 1500+  Soviet Union/ China 14.5mm single, twin and quad mount. Also mounted on technicals.[36]
ZU-23-2 Anti-aircraft gun 650+  Soviet Union 23mm, 2 barrels.
M1939 Anti-aircraft gun 300+  Soviet Union 37mm.
S-60 Anti-aircraft gun 875  Soviet Union 57mm.
KS-12 Anti-aircraft gun 100+  Soviet Union 85mm.
KS-19 Anti-aircraft gun 100+  Soviet Union 100mm.
Type 65 Anti-aircraft gun N/A  People's Republic of China 37mm, 2 barrels.

MANPADS[edit]

9K338 Igla-S on display

Combined total of 4,000+ launchers.

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
9K32 Strela-2 (SA-7) Man portable air defence system 4,000+[1]  Soviet Union
9K34 Strela-3 (SA-14) Man portable air defence system 100[1]  Soviet Union
9K38 Igla-1 (SA-16) Man portable air defence system  Soviet Union
9K38 Igla (SA-18) Man portable air defence system Unknown[1]  Russia
9K338 Igla-S (SA-24) Man portable air defence system  Russia

Self-propelled Air Defence[edit]

Disabled Syrian ZSU-23-4 during the Yom Kippur War
Stationary S-125 Neva
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 400[1]  Soviet Union 23mm.
ZSU-57-2 "Sparka" Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 10[1]  Soviet Union All in storage. Some units reactivated during Civil War
S-75 Dvina (SA-2 S-75M Volga Version of the 1995 year) Self-propelled SAM system 320[37]  Soviet Union
S-125 Neva/Pechora (SA-3 Pechora + Pechora-2M) Self-propelled SAM system 148[37] + 12[38]  Soviet Union
2K12 Kub (SA-6) Self-propelled SAM system 195[37] 200 (As for 2012)[39]  Soviet Union
9K33 Osa (SA-8) Self-propelled SAM system 14-60,[1][40] 14 batteries (60 launchers - autonomous war machines)[41]  Soviet Union Two were captured by Liwa al-Islam.
9K31 Strela-1 (SA-9) Self-propelled SAM system 20[1]  Soviet Union
9K37 Buk (SA-11) Self-propelled SAM system 20[1]  Soviet Union
9K35 Strela-10 (SA-13) Self-propelled SAM system 30[1]  Soviet Union
9K37M2E Buk-M2E (SA-17) Self-propelled SAM system At least 10  Russia Observed in use at Al-Mezzah.[42] Some systems allegedly destroyed in January 2013 Rif Dimashq airstrike.
9M311-1M Tunguska (SA-19) Self-propelled air-defence system 6[43]  Soviet Union
Pantsir-S1 (SA-22) Self-propelled SAM system 36-50[44]  Russia
S-200 (SA-5) not Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon (24 hours for changing position) 2 defense regiment comprising 2 divisions including 2 batteries S-200 (44 launchers) in service as of 2010[45]  Soviet Union Command post S - 300 can manage in any combination the elements of S - 200 and S-300[46][47][48]
S-300 (missile) (S-300 SA-20A / SA-20B surface-to-air missile systems +[49]  Russia and others, not total more 6[50] systems and missile 144.[51] There is missiles (With photo[52] missiles in army, but no text on the availability)[53]

Higher level command posts (HLCPs)[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Senezh-M1E[54] general-purpose self-acting[55] HLCPs some few[39][56]  Soviet Union Photography on the site developer As an option, with the use of HLCP, management of all types of air defense systems, the Air Force and all kinds of radar air defense forces. Effective radius of 1,600 km for 77 fired targets[57] May receive data order to send target indication for different systems.[58]

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle[edit]

Mohajer 4 drone
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
La-17RM Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Soviet Union Reconnaissance drone. Withdrawn from service.
Tu-143 Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Soviet Union Reconnaissance drone. Withdrawn from service.
Ababil Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Iran Medium-range reconnaissance/surveillance and short/medium-range attack drone.
Mohajer 4 Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Iran Reconnaissance drone. Used during the Syrian Civil War since late 2012.[59]
Yasir Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Iran Reconnaissance drone. Used during the Syrian Civil War since late 2013.[60]

Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Shahed 129 Unmanned combat air vehicle N/A  Iran Spotted in Syria on 10 April 2014 over Al-Maliha, East-Ghouta (Damascus), it was used for reconnaissance without missiles.[61]

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