Multi-purpose vehicle (MPVs), also known as multi-utility vehicles (MUVs), people-carriers or people-movers, is a British English and worldwide term to describe a type of van, typically either two-box or one box designs (see below) for maximum interior volume – and are taller than a sedan, hatchback, or a station wagon. In the United States, multi-purpose vehicles are called minivans. Larger MPVs may have seating for up to eight passengers. (Beyond that size, similar vehicles tend to be derived from vans and in Europe are called minibuses.)
The caracteristics of the modern MPV (minivan) are front wheel drive, transverse engine, front wheels set forward of the passenger cabin, a one-box design with a short and sloping aerodynamic hood, a flat floor throughout, and flexible seating and transport accommodations.
Multi-purpose vehicles are divided more or less into 3 categories:
Multi-purpose vehicles come in 2 volume designs:
- "Car Design Glossary - Part 2: One-Box (Monospace or Monovolume)". Car Design News. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Niedermeyer, Paul (29 March 2010). "The Mother Of All Modern Minivans: 1949 DKW Schnellaster". The Truth About Cars. Retrieved 6 March 2014.