Outline of Germany

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The location of Germany
An enlargeable map of the Federal Republic of Germany

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Germany:

Germany – federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe consisting of 16 constituent states, which retain limited sovereignty. Its capital and largest city is Berlin. With more than 80 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state in the European Union. Germany is a major economic and political power of the European continent and a historic leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields. After losing World War I, Germany fell under the contral of Adolf Hitler, who started World War II. After losing World War II, Germany was divided into East Germany and West Germany, each on opposite sides in the Cold War. In October 1990, after the Cold War ended, the country was reunified. Germany has since grown to become the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Germany

Geography of Germany[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Germany
Main article: Geography of Germany

Germany is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea; to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic; to the south by Austria and Switzerland; and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The territory of Germany covers 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi) and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate.

  • Coastline: 2,389 km (1,484 mi)

Neighbours of Germany[edit]

    • Land boundaries: 3,621 km (2,250 mi)
 Austria 784 km (487 mi)
 Czech Republic 646 km (401 mi)
 Netherlands 577 km (359 mi)
 Poland 456 km (283 mi)
 France 451 km (280 mi)
  Switzerland 334 km (208 mi)
 Belgium 167 km (104 mi)
 Luxembourg 138 km (86 mi)
 Denmark 68 km (42 mi)

Environment of Germany[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Germany

Geographic features of Germany[edit]

Administrative divisions of Germany[edit]

States of Germany[edit]

Germany is divided into 16 constituent states, called Bundesländer (see map on the right).

Further subdivisions[edit]

Demography of Germany[edit]

With over 82 million inhabitants, it comprises the largest population among the member states of the European Union and is home to the third-highest number of international migrants. See more at Immigration to Germany.

Government and politics of Germany[edit]

Branches of the government of Germany[edit]

Main article: Government of Germany

Executive branch of the government of Germany[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Germany[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Germany[edit]

Foreign relations of Germany[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Federal Republic of Germany is a member of:[3]

Law and order in Germany[edit]

Main article: Law of Germany

Military of Germany[edit]

Main article: Military of Germany

Local government in Germany[edit]

History of Germany[edit]

Culture of Germany[edit]

Main article: Culture of Germany
The Oktoberfest in Munich is the world's largest fair

Art in Germany[edit]

Religion and belief systems in Germany[edit]

Sports in Germany[edit]

Main article: Sports in Germany

Economy and infrastructure of Germany[edit]

Main article: Economy of Germany

Germany was the largest exporter of goods in 2007. In absolute terms, Germany allocates the second biggest annual budget of development aid in the world,[4] while its military expenditure ranked sixth.[5] The country has developed a high standard of living and established a comprehensive system of social security.

Education in Germany[edit]

Main article: Education in Germany

Health in Germany[edit]

Main article: Health in Germany

See also[edit]

Main article: Germany


  1. ^ Map of Germany, SitesAtlas.com, 2009, web: SitA-511.
  2. ^ "Ryan Jahnke Online", FigureskatersOnline.com, 2009, web: FSO-RJah.
  3. ^ "Germany". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  4. ^ Germany world's second biggest aid donor after US TopNews, India, Retrieved 2008, 04-10.
  5. ^ "The fifteen major spenders in 2006" (PDF). Recent trends in military expenditure. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-08-14. Retrieved 2007-08-23. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Germany


Facts and figures