|Founders||Maarten de Bruijn
|Key people||Peter van Erp, COO|
|Revenue||€6.1 million (2012) |
|Operating income||(€13.8 million) (2012)|
|Profit||(€114 million) (2012)|
|Total assets||€0.1 million (2012)|
|Employees||37 (FTE, average 2012)|
|Parent||Spyker N.V. (1999 - present)|
Spyker Cars is a Dutch sports car marque. The modern Spyker Cars holds the legal rights to the brand name. The company's motto is "Nulla tenaci invia est via", which is Latin for "For the tenacious, no road is impassable". The marque's logo displays the rotary engine of an airplane, a reference to the historic Spyker company which manufactured aircraft. In an attempt to save Spyker from bankruptcy, Swedish Automobile in September 2011, announced the immediate sale of Spyker to American private equity and hedge fund North Street Capital for €32 million ($41 million). However, it has since been revealed that the transaction did not occur leaving the future of Spyker uncertain.
The reborn company was founded by Victor Muller and Maarten de Bruijn in 1999, and since 2000, Spyker has been building exclusive sports cars like the C8 Spyder and the C8 Laviolette (with its elegant glass roof). Spyker's history of producing aero engines is reflected in details in these new cars as well as in the logo. Before building the C8, de Bruijn had been building small numbers of the Spyker Silvestris, which in many ways foreshadows Spyker's later cars.
The C8 Laviolette and C8 Spyder have a 4172 cc Audi V8 engine delivering 400 bhp (298 kW; 406 PS), acceleration 0–60 mph in 4.5 seconds and a top speed of 300 km/h (190 mph). On July 14, 2005, it was announced that the C8 was approved for sale on the United States market.
Between 2002 and 2006, Spyker built the C8 Double 12 S, which was available from the factory with 5 different levels of performance called Stage I (400 h.p.) through Stage V (620 h.p.), depending on the customer's need for performance.
Between 2003 and 2007, Spyker built the C8 Spyder T, with the Twin turbo being developed in conjunction with Cosworth from England. These engines were capable of 525 h.p. and acceleration times of 4.0 seconds.
In September 2006, Spyker bought out the Midland F1 team. The team competed in the final 3 races of the 2006 season as Spyker MF1. In the 2007, the team competed as Spyker F1 using engines supplied by Ferrari. Driver Adrian Sutil was paired with Christijan Albers until the European Grand Prix where the latter was replaced by reserve driver Markus Winkelhock; the team then signed Sakon Yamamoto to fill in the slot for the rest of the year. The team itself had minimal success, suffering from multiple retirements (including double retirements in Malaysia, Canada and Brazil) before Sutil scored the team's first and only point in Japan. At the end of the season, the team was sold to a consortium named "Orange India" led by Vijay Mallya and was subsequently renamed as Force India.
On May 27, 2004, Spyker Cars listed on the Euronext Amsterdam Stock Exchange at €15.50, falling to a low of €8.28 in April 2005. The stock rebounded sharply in early 2006 to over €22 per share. Early in 2007 the stock showed a sharp decline to levels beneath €13 because of financing issues. As a result, several stock issues were announced to big investors. Notably, all shares have been sold at higher prices than the market price at the moment of announcement. On November 13, 2005, Spyker Cars and Mubadala Development Company, a principal investment company wholly owned by the government of the United Arab Emirates, announced their strategic alliance, with Mubadala acquiring 17% of Spyker. Mubadala has a strong relationship with sports cars, also controlling 5% of Ferrari.
In 2007, Spyker, in collaboration with the Italian car-design firm Zagato, produced the C12 Zagato, based on the C12 La Turbie, but with more appealing body work, faster speeds, and the Zagato trademark roof bubbles. This is perhaps the more exclusive Spyker car to date.
In November 2009, Spyker announced that it would be moving production from Zeewolde to Whitley, Coventry, where assembly would be done in partnership with CPP Manufacturing. UK production began in February 2010. Due to the bankruptcy of SAAB and a falling out with business partners, the production was not moved to the UK. Spyker cars attempts, since 2012, to restart production in the Netherlands.
On 26 January 2010, General Motors (GM) confirmed that Spyker and GM had come to an agreement allowing Spyker to purchase Saab Automobile, subject to regulatory and government approval; the sale was completed on February 23, 2010. General Motors will continue to supply Saab with engines, transmissions and also completed vehicles in the shape of the new Saab 9-4x from GM's Mexican factory. The deal includes a loan from the European Investment Bank, guaranteed by the Swedish government. It comprises US$74m in cash up front, payable to GM by July 2010, and shares in Spyker to the tune of US$320m.
On February 23, 2010, Spyker Cars closed the deal to buy Saab Automobile from General Motors. Spyker and Saab operate under the parent company Swedish Automobile, named Spyker Cars N.V.
On 16 April 2012, a meeting on Saab’s bankruptcy was held at the District Court of Vänersborg. The official receivers in charge of the Saab liquidation valued the assets at us$500m and the debt at US$2,000m. After subtracting the value of the assets, Saab leaves a debt of US$1,500m.
In February 2011, it was announced that Swedish Automobile, the Dutch owner of Saab Automobile, agreed to sell its sports-car unit to Vladimir Antonov. Antonov, a former Spyker chairman and shareholder, is expected to pay 15 million euros ($21 million) for the company. However, in March 2011, the deal fell through, with Spyker's manufacturing partner CPP Manufacturing placing a bid, but this deal fell through later that month.
In September 2011, it was announced that Swedish Automobile would sell Spyker Cars, in an all-cash offer to an American private equity and hedge fund North Street Capital, for €32 million ($41 million). In January 2012, Swedish Automobile again offered Spyker cars up for sale, but this sale did not actually occur. 
Between 2009 and 2010, Spyker sold the C8 Laviolette LM85, which is a special edition car with orange paint, black wheels, and many "ready-for-track" enhancements. The interior is black with orange piping, and the customers of this car were permitted to stay with the Spyker crew in any of the 2009 LeMans races. In 2009, the Spyker C8 Aileron debuted at auto shows with the same power output as the C8 Spyder and C8 Laviolette, but with more modern technology, and manufactured in a more modern way. Spyker has produced a lineup of 14 vehicles, as of 2012 (including concepts).
But the mass-production, which was slated for a mid-2008 production, was delayed and the V12 engine from the concept car has been changed to an Audi sourced W12 at around 500 bhp (373 kW; 507 PS). Its name was then changed to the D8.
Spyker hoped that the assistance of Saab, which they now own, would help the D8 reach production. According to Muller in April 2011, the D8 should have started production in early 2013, with a price tag of £186,000. However, in March 2013, production was secluded for 2016, with a production prototype due by 2014.
Spyker's older model, the C12 is a luxury sports car, and has two variants:
Spyker shareholders and CEO, Victor Muller hinted at a Maserati Quattroporte, Porsche Panamera rival with an eight-cylinder (the E8) or a twelve-cylinder (the E12) engine but due to problems getting the D8 into production, the idea was ignored until 2009 when Muller has said he "believes now could be the time to resurrect the saloon."  Muller believes it will take about four years from the time that the E8/E12 is revealed to actual production.
|Calendar Year||Total Sales|
Spyker lost substantially since 2007. This table summarizes the key figures of Spyker Cars from 2007 to 2012. The figures originate from the Spyker Annual Report 2011 and 2012.
per year end
in FTE (x 1)
|2007||€ 5,1||€ -29,7||€ -71,3||€ 25,6||9,7||166|
|2008||€ 7,9||€ -21,8||€ -24,8||€ 24,9||15,6||132|
|2009||€ 6,8||€ -19,2||€ -22,9||€ 2,6||15,9||131|
|2010||€ 3,3||€ -64,1||€ -218,3||€ -206,5||17,5||55|
|2011||€ 1,5||€ -13,8||€ 16,1||€ -151,2||36,0||56|
|2012||€ 0,7||€ -6,1||€ 114,4||€ 0,1||373,9||37|
- "Brief history of Spyker | Spykercars". Spykercars.nl. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spykercars". spykercars.com. March 17, 2014. Archived from the original on March 17, 2014. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- Annual Report 2011
- "Spyker - Annual Report 2012". Spyker Cars. 2013-04-29. Retrieved 2014-02-12.
- "Swedish Automobile". Swedish-automobile.nl. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- Fritter, Dan (2011-10-02). "Dutch Supercar Maker Spyker Sold to U.S. Firm - Finance - The Car Guide". Guideautoweb.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Heritage | Spykercars". Spykercars.nl. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- By Damon Lavrinc RSS feed. "Spyker sold to U.S. private equity firm". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Autoweek". Autoweek. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Company | Spykercars". Spykercars.nl. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C8 Laviolette". Seriouswheels.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Review: 2009 Spyker C8". The Truth About Cars. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C8 Aileron to Make US Debut at Pebble Beach". Worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C8 Laviolette Basic Instinct 2 Limited Edition". Worldcarfans.com. 2006-04-24. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C8 Double 12 S Spyder (2005)". Netcarshow.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C8 Spyder T". Supercars.net. 2004-03-01. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C8 Spyder T lap times and specs". FastestLaps.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C8 Spyder T". Seriouswheels.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "DI.se meets Victor Muller of Saab-Spyker". Forums.subdriven.com. 2010-03-22. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- Tidesco, Art (2011-08-14). "Gettin' a lil' psycho on tyres !: Woodland For The Tenacious - Spyker Silvestris V8 Prototype". Psychoontyres.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C12 Zagato". Supercars.net. 2007-03-06. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C12 Zagato unveiled". Gizmag.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- By Damon Lavrinc RSS feed (2006-09-10). "Midland F1 team sold to Spyker". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Formula 1™ - The Official F1™ Website". Formula1.com. 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Spyker Cars Quotes, Key Figures and more". Euroinvestor.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "SPYKER CARS Stock Quote | Stock Price for SPYKR". Markets.financialcontent.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "SWEDISH AUTOMOBILE NV (L9I:Frankfurt): Stock Charts - Businessweek". Investing.businessweek.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Initiatives Youth Registration | Mubadala Development Company l Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates". Mubadala.ae. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker enters strategic alliance following acquisition of a 17% stake | Mubadala Development Company l Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates". Mubadala.ae. 2005-11-14. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Mediobanca Sells 5% of Ferrari to Mubadala". Financial Express. July 28, 2005.
- "Mubadala sells 5% Ferrari stake back to Fiat - Banking & Finance". ArabianBusiness.com. 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- March 2007 BY STEVE SILER. "2009 Spyker C12 Zagato - Auto Shows". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- nikhil said... (2011-05-26). "Spyker C12 Zagato | Top Sports Cars". Edmondpogi.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- By John Neff RSS feed. "Geneva Motor Show: Spyker C12 Zagato wows Geneva crowd". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- Dutch car maker plans move to UK, BBC News.
- Ruddick, Graham (20 November 2009). "Spyker relocates from Holland to Coventry". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Cooper, Matthew (9 February 2010). "Dutch car-maker Spyker Cars begins UK production". London: The Independent. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- "Spyker buys Saab". autocar.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-26.
- "Spyker Cars finalizes the purchase of Saab". SaabsUnited.com. Retrieved 2010-02-23.
- "Spyker Cars finalizes the purchase of Saab" (Press release). Spyker Cars N.V. 2010-02-23.
- "Saab bankruptcy site". Konkursboet. December 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-13.
- Zander, Christina (April 2012). "Saab Auto Left $2 Billion in Debts". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-04-27.
- Vijayenthiran, Viknesh (8 March 2013). "B6 Venator Is Just The Tip Of The Iceberg For Spyker". Motor Authority. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "Saab Spyker weg van beurs Amsterdam". Telegraaf. 2013-08-16. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
- Kinnander, Ola (2011-02-24). "Spyker to Sell Sports-Car Unit to Vladimir Antonov in Focus on Saab Brand". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2011-06-01.
- Reed, John (2011-02-24). "Spyker jettisons supercar business". Financial Times. Retrieved 2011-06-01. (registration required)
- "Vladimir Antonov at autonews.com". Search.autonews.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- Blackaby, Anna. "CPP purchase of Spyker could see supercar production double in Coventry - Automotive Business - Business News - Business". Birmingham Post. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- December 2, 2011 (2011-12-02). "Spyker uncertainty leads to redundancies at CPP". Carsuk.net. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- Spykercars.nl Press release September 29, 2011.
- De, Michael J. (2011-09-29). "DealBook.NYTimes.com". DealBook.NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- Washington Post - Spyker Cars
- Contact Ben Wojdyla: Email the author Comment (2008-11-19). "Spyker C8 Laviolette LM85 Gets A Web Reveal Before Hitting LA Show Floor". Jalopnik.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C8 Laviolette LM85 Released on Forza Motorsport 3". Insideline.com. 2010-05-14. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- By Drew Phillips RSS feed. "New York: Spyker C8 Aileron makes North American debut". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Models | Spykercars". Spykercars.nl. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker C8 Aileron Spyder world debut". Worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker D12 Peking to Paris | Concept Cars". Diseno-art.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker D12 Peking to Paris SUV Heading for Production". Worldcarfans.com. 2008-11-03. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- April 25, 2009 (2009-04-25). "Spyker planning four door coupe saloon - E8/E12?". Carsuk.net. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
- "Spyker production and sales - Spyker Owner Forum". Spykerowner.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "News | Spykercars". Spykercars.nl. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- Spyker preparing to increase production substantially over coming years - Top Speed
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spyker Cars vehicles.|