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|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1590s 1600s 1610s – 1620s – 1630s 1640s 1650s|
|Years:||1625 1626 1627 – 1628 – 1629 1630 1631|
|1628 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2381|
|English Regnal year||3 Cha. 1 – 4 Cha. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)
4324 or 4264
— to —
戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
4325 or 4265
|- Vikram Samvat||1684–1685|
|- Shaka Samvat||1550–1551|
|- Kali Yuga||4729–4730|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'ei 5
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||284 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2170–2171|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1628.|
1628 (MDCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (dominical letter BA) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter FE) of the Julian calendar, the 1628th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 628th year of the 2nd millennium, the 28th year of the 17th century, and the 9th year of the 1620s decade. As of the start of 1628, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1918.
- January 25 – Shah Jahan crowned as ruler of the Mughal Empire in Agra.
- March 1 – Writs issued in February by King Charles I required every county in England (not just seaport towns) to pay ship tax by this date.
- March 17 – Oliver Cromwell makes first appearance in the English Parliament as Member for Huntingdon.
- May–August 4 – Thirty Years' War: As a result of its refusal to accept the Capitulation of Franzburg, Stralsund is besieged by Wallenstein's imperial army.
- June 7 – King Charles I reconvenes the English Parliament and accepts the Petition of Right as a concession to gain his subsidies.
- August 4 – Thirty Years' War: With the help of Danish and Swedish reinforcements, Stralsund is able to resist Wallenstein's siege until the landing of a Danish army, led by Christian IV of Denmark, forces Wallenstein to raise the siege and move his army to confront the new threat.
- August 10 – The Swedish 64 gun sailing ship Vasa sinks on her maiden voyage in the Stockholm harbor.
- August 23 – George Villiers, the first Duke of Buckingham, is assassinated by John Felton.
- September 2 – Thirty Years' War: Wallenstein defeats Christian IV of Denmark's army in the Battle of Wolgast.
- September 6 – Puritans settle Salem, which will later become part of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
- September 7–September 8 – Eighty Years' War: Dutch admiral Piet Hein captures 16 ships of the Spanish treasure fleet in the Battle in the Bay of Matanzas. The immense booty taken brings in over 11 million guilders, part of which is used to fund the entire army of the Dutch Republic for 8 months long.
- October 22 – Abaza Mehmed Pasha surrenders to Ottoman forces, ending the Abaza rebellion.
- October 28 – The Siege of La Rochelle ends with the surrender of the Huguenots.
- William Harvey publishes Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus in Frankfurt, containing his findings about blood circulation.
- Publication of Sir Edward Coke's Institutes of the Lawes of England begins with A Commentary upon Littleton. This will remain an influential legal text on both sides of the Atlantic for three centuries.
- The Collegiate School, today the oldest educational institution in North America, is established.
- The War of the Mantuan Succession breaks out over Mantua and Montferrat. The war is fought between the Duke of Savoy, who is supported by Spain, and the Duke of Nevers, who is supported by France.
- The first black slaves arrive in Dutch Manhattan.
- January 1 – Christoph Bernhard, German composer (d. 1692)
- January 3 – Alvise II Mocenigo, Doge of Venice (d. 1709)
- January 8 – François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg, French general (d. 1695)
- January 10
- January 12 – Charles Perrault, French folklorist (d. 1703)
- January 14 – Sir Roger Bradshaigh, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1684)
- January 19 – Charles Stanley, 8th Earl of Derby, English noble (d. 1672)
- January 20 – Henry Cromwell, fourth son of Oliver Cromwell and Elizabeth Bourchier (d. 1674)
- January 23 – Johann Reinhard II, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg, German aristocrat (d. 1666)
- January 30 – George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (d. 1687)
- February 1 – Jan Hackaert, Dutch painter (d. 1685)
- February 5 – César d'Estrées, Catholic cardinal (d. 1714)
- February 14 – Valentine Greatrakes (d. 1683)
- February 24 – Paolo Spinola, 3rd Marquis of the Balbases and 3rd Duke of San Severino and Sesto (d. 1699)
- February 25 – Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé, French noblewoman (d. 1694)
- March 2 – Cornelis Speelman (d. 1684)
- March 10 – Marcello Malpighi, Italian biologist and physician (d. 1694)
- March 12 – Jacques Frémin, French Jesuit missionary to Canada (d. 1691)
- March 17
- March 20 – Sir John Hobart, 3rd Baronet, English landowner and politician (d. 1683)
- March 24 – Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1685)
- April 2 – Constantin Christian Dedekind, Poet, dramatist and composer (d. 1715)
- April 16 – Cornelis Evertsen the Younger, Dutch admiral (d. 1679)
- April 22 – Georg Matthäus Vischer, Austrian cartographer (d. 1696)
- April 23
- April 24 – William Beecher, English politician (d. 1694)
- April 25 – Sir William Temple, 1st Baronet, English statesman and essayist (d. 1699)
- May 7 – Étienne Le Hongre, French sculptor (d. 1690)
- May 8 – Angelo Italia, Sicilian Jesuit and architect (d. 1700)
- May 9 – Sir William Gardiner, 1st Baronet, Member of the Parliament of England (d. 1691)
- May 15
- May 17 – Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria (d. 1662)
- May 24 – Marek Sobieski, Polish noble (szlachcic) (d. 1652)
- June 1 – John Dugdale, herald in the College of Arms (d. 1700)
- June 4 – Christopher Delphicus zu Dohna, Swedish diplomat (d. 1668)
- June 5 – Arthur Sparke, English lawyer and politician (d. 1677)
- June 15 – Walter Marshall, British theologian (d. 1680)
- June 21 – Alexander Parker, Quaker preacher and author (d. 1689)
- June 30 – Miguel de Molinos, Spanish mystic (d. 1696)
- July 11 – Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
- July 12 – Henry Howard, 6th Duke of Norfolk (d. 1684)
- July 17 – Richard Powle, English politician (d. 1678)
- August 12 – Gabriel Gerberon, Jansenist monk (d. 1711)
- August 20 – Emmanuel Philibert, Prince of Carignano, Prince of Savoy (d. 1709)
- August 29
- September 7 – Sir William Courtenay, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1702)
- September 21 – Barend Graat, Dutch painter (d. 1709)
- September 23 – David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl, German artist (d. 1698)
- October 12
- October 21 – Úrsula Micaela Morata, Spanish writer (d. 1703)
- October 23 – Henry Eyre, English politician and lawyer (d. 1678)
- October 24 – Lucrezia Barberini, Italian noblewoman (d. 1699)
- November 20 – Matthias Sention Jr., Connecticut settler (d. 1728)
- November 28 – John Bunyan, English writer (d. 1688)
- December 2 – Johannes Rothe, Dutch preacher (d. 1702)
- December 10 – Jan Baptist Martin Wans, painter (d. 1684)
- December 12 – Anna Salome of Manderscheid-Blankenheim, Abbess of Thorn Abbey, later abbess of Essen Abbey (d. 1691)
- December 19 – Charlotte of the Palatinate, German noble (d. 1631)
- December 21 – Samuel Capricornus, Czech composer (d. 1665)
- December 25 – Noël Coypel, French painter (d. 1707)
- December 26 – John Page, American politician (d. 1692)
- probable – Jacob Isaacksz van Ruisdael, celebrated Dutch landscape painter (d. 1682)
- January 21 – Gregor Aichinger, German composer (b. c. 1565)
- March 12 – John Bull, English composer (b. c. 1562)
- March 29 – Tobias Matthew, English Archbishop of York (b. 1546)
- June 8 – Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (b. 1547)
- July 13 – Robert Shirley, English adventurer (b. c. 1581)
- August 6 – Johannes Junius, Mayor of Bamberg (b. 1573)
- August 23 – George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English statesman (b. 1592)
- September 30 – Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, English writer (b. 1554)
- October 16 – François de Malherbe, French poet and critic (b. 1555)
- November 15 – Roque Gonzales, Paraguayan missionary (b. 1576)
- November 16 – Paolo Quagliati, Italian composer (b. c. 1555)
- The events of the historical novel The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas take place in this year, and include fictionalized versions of the Siege of La Rochelle and the assassination of the Duke of Buckingham.