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This article is about the year 1757.
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1754 1755 1756 – 1757 – 1758 1759 1760|
|1757 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2510|
|British Regnal year||30 Geo. 2 – 31 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丙子年 (Fire Rat)
4453 or 4393
— to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4454 or 4394
|- Vikram Samvat||1813–1814|
|- Shaka Samvat||1679–1680|
|- Kali Yuga||4858–4859|
|Japanese calendar||Hōreki 7
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||155 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2299–2300|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1757.|
Year 1757 (MDCCLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
- January 2 – Britain captures Calcutta (part of the fighting in the Seven Years' War).
- January 5 – Robert-François Damiens makes an unsuccessful assassination attempt on Louis XV of France. On March 28 Damiens is publicly executed by dismemberment, the last person in France to suffer this punishment.
- March 14 – Seven Years' War: British Admiral Sir John Byng is executed by firing squad aboard HMS Monarch for breach of the Articles of War in failing to "do his utmost" at the Battle of Minorca (1756).
- May 6 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Prague (1757): Frederick the Great defeats an Austrian army and begins to besiege the city.
- June 18 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Kolín: Frederick is defeated by an Austrian army under Marshal Daun, forcing him to evacuate Bohemia.
- June 23 – Battle of Plassey: 3,000 troops serving with the British East India Company under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj ud-Daulah at Plassey in India.
- July 26 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Hastenbeck: An Anglo-Hanoverian army under the Duke of Cumberland is defeated by the French under Louis d'Estrées and forced out of Hanover.
- August 3 – August 9 – French and Indian War: A French army under Louis-Joseph de Montcalm forces the English to surrender Fort William Henry. The French army's Indian allies slaughter the survivors for unclear reasons.
- August 30 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf: A Prussian army under Hans von Lehwaldt is defeated by the Russian army of Marshal Stepan Apraksin.
- October 16 – Seven Years' War: Hungarian raiders plunder Berlin.
- October 30 – Osman III dies and is succeeded as Ottoman Sultan by Mustafa III.
- November 5 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Rossbach: Frederick defeats the French-Imperial army under the Duc de Soubise and Prince Joseph of Saxe-Hildburghausen, forcing the French to withdraw from Saxony.
- November 22 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Breslau: An Austrian army under Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine defeats the Prussian army of Wilhelm of Brunswick-Bevern and forces the Prussians behind the Oder.
- December 6
- Seven Years' War – Battle of Leuthen: Frederick defeats Prince Charles's Austrian army in what is generally considered the Prussian king's greatest tactical victory.
- In Buddist tradition Jigme Lingpa discovers the Longchen Nyingthig terma through a meditative vision which brought him to Boudhanath. The Longchen Nyingtig is a popular cycle of teachings in the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism.
- December 14 – Battle of Khresili: King Solomon I of Imereti defeats the Ottoman army and an allied faction of nobles in what is now western Georgia.
- Conclusion of Nam tiến, the southward expansion of the territory of Vietnam into the Indochina Peninsula.
- Robert Wood publishes The ruins of Balbec, otherwise Heliopolis in Coelosyria in English and French, making the ancient city of Baalbek in Syria known to the West.
- Emanuel Swedenborg claims to have witnessed the Last Judgment occurring in the spiritual world.
- January 16 – Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Goodwin Keats Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1834)
- February 3 – Joseph Forlenze, Italian ophthalmologist (d. 1833)
- February 20 – John 'Mad Jack' Fuller, English philanthropist (d. 1834)
- April 9 – Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (d. 1833)
- May 30 – Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1844)
- June 18 – Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine leader (d. 1833)
- June 22 – George Vancouver, British explorer (d. 1798)
- July 20 – Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (d. 1811)
- August 9 – Thomas Telford, British engineer & architect (d. 1834)
- August 23 – Marie Magdalene Charlotte Ackermann, German actress (d. 1775)
- September 6 – Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, French soldier and statesman (d. 1834)
- October 9 – King Charles X of France (d. 1836)
- October 21 – Pierre Augereau, Marshal of France and duc de Castiglione (d. 1816)
- November 1 – Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor (d. 1822)
- November 28 – William Blake, English poet (d. 1827)
- December 17 – Nathaniel Macon, American politician (d. 1837)
- December 25 – Benjamin Pierce, American politician (d. 1839)
- January 9 – Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
- January 19 – Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1664)
- March 1 – Edward Moore, English writer (b. 1712)
- March 8 – Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1701)
- March 12 – Giuseppe Galli Bibiena, Italian architect/painter (b. 1696)
- March 14 – John Byng, British admiral (executed) (b. 1704)
- March 27 – Johann Stamitz, Czech-born composer (b. 1717)
- April 28 – Edmund Butcher, minister (b. 1822)
- May 6
- July 23 – Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer (b. 1685)
- August 28 – David Hartley, English philosopher (b. 1705)
- October 17 – René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (b. 1683)
- October 25 – Antoine Augustin Calmet, French theologian (b. 1672)
- October 30 – Osman III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1699)
- November 12 – Colley Cibber, English poet (b. 1671)
- December 11 – Edmund Curll, English bookseller and publisher (b. 1675)
- December 14 – Levan Abashidze, Georgian politician