Administrative divisions of Sri Lanka

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Administrative divisions of Sri Lanka
Administrative map of Sri Lanka
Location Sri Lanka
Subdivisions
Type Number
Provinces 9
Districts 25
Municipalities 335
Wards ?
Grama Niladhari divisions 14,022
Coat of arms of Sri Lanka, showing a lion holding a sword in its right forepaw surrounded by a ring made from blue lotus petals which is placed on top of a grain vase sprouting rice grains to encircle it. A Dharmacakra is on the top while a sun and moon are at the bottom on each side of the vase.
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is divided into 9 provinces, which are further subdivided into 25 districts. Districts are further subdivided into Municipalities, of which are sorted into three categories. Each municipality is divided into Wards and wards into Grama Niladhari divisions.

History[edit]

The country was first divided into several administrative units during the Anuradhapura Kingdom. The kingdom was divided into three provinces; Rajarata, Ruhuna and Malaya Rata. These were further subdivided into smaller units called rata.[1] Over time, the number of provinces increased, but the second-level administrative division continued to be the rata. However, with the country eventually being divided into more than one kingdom and with foreign colonial missions landing and taking parts of the country under their control, this structure began to change. The territory of the Kotte Kingdom was organized into four disavas, which were further subdivided into forty korales. The korales had their own civil and military officials with a small militia. The Jaffna kingdom appears to have had a similar administrative structure to this with four provinces.[2]

When the Portuguese took over parts of the country after their arrival in 1505,[3] they maintained more or less the same administrative structure followed by Sri Lankan rulers.[4] During the Dutch rule in the country, the terrain under their control was divided into three administrative divisions. These were subdivided into disavas as in earlier systems.[5] The British initially continued this system,[6] but following reforms in 1796 to 1802, the country was divided according to ethnic composition.[7][8] This was abolished by the Colebrook–Cameron reforms in 1833 and a legislative council was created,[9] making the island a politically and administratively single unit. Five provinces were created, later expanded into nine, and these were subdivided into twenty-one districts. These districts were administered by officials known as Government Agents or Assistant Government Agents.[7]

In 1955, the district replaced the province as the country's main administrative unit.[10] Ampara District was created in April 1961,[11][12] followed by the creation of Mullaitivu and Gampaha districts in September 1978[13] through a new constitution, which also reintroduced the province as the main administrative unit.[14] The last district to be created was Kilinochchi in February 1984,[15] and the current constitution (that of 1978) states that the territory of Sri Lanka consists of 25 administrative districts. These districts may be subdivided or amalgamated by a resolution of the Parliament of Sri Lanka.[16]

Summary[edit]

Level Group name Type No.
1 Provinces
පළාත
மாகாணம்
N/A 9
2 Districts
දිස්ත්‍රි‌ක්‌ක
மாவட்டம்
N/A 25
3 Municipalities Cities 23
Urban cities 41
Suburban cities 271
4 Wards N/A  ?
5 Grama Niladhari divisions N/A 14,022

List of subdivisions[edit]

Provinces[edit]

Provinces are first level administrative divisions in Sri Lanka. They were first established by the British rulers of Ceylon in 1833. Over the next century most of the administrative functions were transferred to the districts, the second level administrative division. By the middle of the 20th century the provinces had become merely ceremonial. This changed in 1987 when, following several decades of increasing demand for a decentralization, the 13th Amendment to the 1978 Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils.[17][18] Currently there are nine provinces.

Map Code Name Area
(km²)
Population[19] Website
CP Central Province 5,674 2,556,774 cp.gov.lk
EP Eastern Province 9,996 1,547,377 ep.gov.lk
NCP North Central Province 10,714 1,259,421
NP Northern Province 8,884 1,060,023 np.gov.lk
NWP North Western Province 7,812 2,372,185
SGP Sabaragamuwa 4,902 1,919,478 sg.gov.lk
SP Southern Province 5,559 2,465,626 spc.gov.lk
UP Uva 8,488 1,259,419 up.gov.lk
WP Western Province 3,709 5,837,294 wpc.gov.lk

Districts[edit]

A map of all Sri Lankan Provinces, Districts, and Divisional Secretary's Division.

Districts are the second-level administrative divisions. There are 25 districts organized into 9 provinces.[20] Each district is administered under a District Secretary,[21] who is appointed by the central government.[22] The main tasks of the District Secretariat involve coordinating communications and activities of the central government and Divisional Secretariats. The District Secretariat is also responsible for implementing and monitoring development projects at the district level and assisting lower-level subdivisions in their activities,[23] as well as revenue collection and coordination of elections in the district.[24] A district is divided into a number of Divisional Secretary's Divisions (commonly known as DS divisions), which are in turn subdivided into Grama Niladhari Divisions.[25] There are 256 DS divisions in the country.[20]

Municipalities[edit]

Province Cities Urban cities Suburban cities Total
Central 4 6 33 43
Eastern 3 5 37 45
North Central 1 0 25 26
North Western 1 3 29 33
Northern 1 5 28 34
Sabaragamuwa 1 3 25 29
Southern 3 4 42 49
Uva 2 1 25 28
Western 7 14 27 48
Total 23 41 271 335

Wards[edit]

Main article: Wards of Sri Lanka

Grama Niladhari divisions[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Siriweera 2004, p. 91.
  2. ^ Yogasundaram 2006, p. 170.
  3. ^ Hewavissenti, Panchamee (3 February 2008). "Episodes of colonised history". Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka). Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  4. ^ Yogasundaram 2006, p. 168.
  5. ^ Yogasundaram 2006, p. 195.
  6. ^ Yogasundaram 2006, p. 214.
  7. ^ a b Yogasundaram 2006, p. 258.
  8. ^ Peebles 2006, p. 48.
  9. ^ Peebles 2006, p. 52.
  10. ^ Peebles 2006, p. 110.
  11. ^ "Overview". Ampara District Secretariat. 
  12. ^ Mohideen, M. I. M. (27 December 2007). "Sinhalisation of East: A reply to Minister Champika Ranawaka". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  13. ^ "Population by sex and district, census years" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  14. ^ Schmiegelow, Michèle (1997). Democracy in Asia. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 425. ISBN 0-312-16495-5. 
  15. ^ Karalliyadda, S. B. (9 June 2013). "Awakening Jaffna Uthuru Wasanthaya". The Nation (Sri Lanka). 
  16. ^ "Chapter 1: The People, The State and Sovereignty". The Constitution of Sri Lanka. Government of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  17. ^ Law, Gwillim (2010). "Provinces of Sri Lanka". statoids.com. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  18. ^ "Introduction". Provincial Councils. Government of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  19. ^ "Population of Sri Lanka by district" (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "At a Glance". Sri Lanka in Brief. Government of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  21. ^ "Vision & Mission". District Secretariats Portal. Ministry of Public Administration & Home Affairs, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 13 May 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  22. ^ "Kilinochchi a brief look". Daily News (Sri Lanka). 27 April 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2009. 
  23. ^ "About Us". Vavuniya District Secretariat. Archived from the original on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2009. 
  24. ^ "Performs Report and Accounts—2008" (PDF). District and Divisional Secretariats Portal—Ministry of Public Administration and Home Affairs. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  25. ^ "Identification of DS Divisions of Sri Lanka Vulnerable for food insecurity" (PDF). World Food Programme. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Administrative divisions
of Sri Lanka
First level
Provinces
Second level
Districts
Third level
Municipalities
Fourth level
Wards
Fifth level