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2nd Jain Tirthankara
WLA haa Tirthankara possibly Ajitanatha Southern Rajasthan ca 12th C.jpg
Tirthankara (possibly Ajitanatha), India, Southern Rajasthan, c. 12th century, marble
Alternate name: Ajitnath
Historical date: 5 x 10^223 years ago
Father: Jitasatru
Mother: Vijayadevi
Dynasty: Ikshvaku
Birth: Ayodhya
Nirvana: Sammed Shikhar
Colour: Golden
Symbol: Elephant
Height: 450 dhanusha (1,350 meters)
Age at death: 7,200,000 purva (508.032 quintillion years old)
Attendant gods
Yaksha: Mahayaksha
Yaksini: Ajita

In Jainism, Ajitnatha was the second tirthankara of the present age.[1] According to Jain beliefs, he became a siddha, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karma. The soul that became Ajitanatha, in its earlier incarnation, was the great King Vimalvahan of Susima city in Mahavideh area. He led a pious life in spite of the available princely grandeur. At an appropriate time, he became an ascetic under Arindam Suri. Ajitnatha was born to King Jitashatru Raja and Queen Vijaya at Ayodhya in the Ikshvaku clan.[1]

Ajitnath as a historical figure[edit]

The Yajurveda mentions the name of Ajitanatha, but the meaning is not clear. According to Jain traditions, his younger brother was Sagara. Sagara, who became the second Chakravartin, is known from the traditions of both Hindu and Jain scriptures.[citation needed]

  • From the Hindu source: Sagara is known to have had many sons. One of them was Bhagiratha, who brought the river Ganges.[which?]
  • From the Jain source: In his last days, Sagara adopted the life of asceticism from Ajitanatha and retired from the worldly life.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Tukol, T. K. (1980). Compendium of Jainism. Dharwad: University of Karnataka.  p.31