Ajitanatha

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Ajitanatha
2nd Jain Tirthankara
WLA haa Tirthankara possibly Ajitanatha Southern Rajasthan ca 12th C.jpg
Tirthankara (possibly Ajitanatha), India, Southern Rajasthan, c. 12th century, marble
Details
Predecessor Rishabha
Successor Sambhavanatha
Royalty
Dynasty/Clan Ikshvaku
Predecessor Jitasatru
Successor Sagara
Family
Father Jitasatru
Mother Vijayadevi
Siblings Sagara
Kalyanaka / Important Events
Chyavana date Vaisakh Sud 13
Chyavana place Ayodhya
Birth date Maha Sud 8, 5 x 10223 years ago
Birth place Ayodhya
Diksha date Maha Sud 9
Diksha place Ayodhya
Kevalgyan date Posh Sud 11
Kevalgyan place Ayodhya
Moksha date Chaitra Sud 5
Moksha place Shikharji
Characteristics/Attributes
Complexion Golden
Symbol Elephant
Height 450 bows (1,350 meters)
Age 72 lakh purva (508.032 x 1018 years old)
Attendant Gods
Yaksha Mahayaksha
Yakshini Ajita
Ganadhara Shimhasena and Phalgu

In Jainism, Ajitnatha was the second tirthankara of the present age.[1] According to Jain beliefs, he became a siddha, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karma. The soul that became Ajitanatha, in its earlier incarnation, was the great King Vimalvahan of Susima city in Mahavideh area. He led a pious life in spite of the available princely grandeur. At an appropriate time, he became an ascetic under Arindam Suri. Ajitnatha was born to King Jitashatru and Queen Vijaya at Ayodhya in the Ikshvaku dynasty.[1]

Ajitnath as a historical figure[edit]

The Yajurveda mentions the name of Ajitanatha, but the meaning is not clear. According to Jain traditions, his younger brother was Sagara. Sagara, who became the second Chakravartin, is known from the traditions of both Hindu and Jain scriptures.[2]

  • From the Hindu source: Sagara is known to have had many sons. One of them was Bhagiratha, who brought the river Ganges.
  • From the Jain source: In his last days, Sagara adopted the life of asceticism from Ajitanatha and retired from the worldly life.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tukol, T. K. (1980). Compendium of Jainism. Dharwad: University of Karnataka.  p.31
  2. ^ http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~pluralsm/affiliates/jainism/article/antiquity.htm

Sources[edit]

  • Tukol, T. K. (1980). Compendium of Jainism. Dharwad: University of Karnataka.