Ajitanatha

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Ajitanatha
2nd Jain Tirthankara
Ajitanatha
Lord Ajitanatha (Mathura Chaurasi)
Venerated inJainism
PredecessorRishabhanatha
SuccessorSambhavanatha
SymbolElephant
Height450 bows (1,350 meters)
Age72 lakh purva (508.032 x 1018 years old)
ColorGolden
Personal information
BornAyodhya
DiedShikharji
Parents
  • Jitasatru (father)
  • Vijayadevi (mother)

Ajitnatha (lit. invincible) was the second tirthankara of the present age, avasarpini (half time cycle) according to Jainism. He was born to King Jitashatru and Queen Vijaya at Ayodhya in the Ikshvaku dynasty. According to Jain beliefs, he became a siddha, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karma.

Life[edit]

Ajitnatha (lit. invincible)[1] was the second tirthankara of the present age, avasarpini (half time cycle) according to Jainism.[2]

Ajitnatha was born in the town of Saketa to King Jitashatru and Queen Vijaya at Ayodhya in the Ikshvaku dynasty on magha-shukla-dashmi (the tenth day of the bright half of the month of Magha).[2] His height was 450 dhanusha (1350 meters) and he lived for a span of 72 lakh purva.[1]

He attained kevala jnana under the sal tree and Moksha on chaitra-shukla-panchmi (fifth day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra) from Shikharji.[3][1]

Simhasena was his chief Ganadhara.[1]

As a historical figure[edit]

The Yajurveda mentions the name of Ajitanatha, but the meaning is not clear. According to Jain traditions, his younger brother was Sagara. Sagara, who became the second Chakravartin, is known from the traditions of both Hindu and Jain scriptures.[4]

  • From the Hindu source: Sagara is known to have had many sons. One of them was Bhagiratha, who brought the river Ganges.
  • From the Jain source: In his last days, Sagara adopted the life of asceticism from Ajitanatha and retired from the worldly life.

Ajinatha is associated with his Elephant emblem, Saptha-parna tree, Mahayaksha Yaksha and Yogini & Ajithabala Yakshis.[5]

Literature[edit]

The Ajitha purana, by Ranna narrates the story of Ajitanatha.

Famous Temple[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 183.
  2. ^ a b Tukol 1980, p. 31.
  3. ^ Krishna & Amirthalingam 2014, p. 46.
  4. ^ Jain, Kailash Chandra, Antiquity of Jainism, Jainism Literature Center
  5. ^ Tandon 2002, p. 44.

Sources[edit]