Alamgir Mosque, Varanasi
|Alamgir Mosque, Varanasi
Beni Madhav ka Darera
|Location||Varanasi, India 25.31 N 83.01 E|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Functional|
The Alamgir Mosque, Varanasi, also known as Beni Madhav ka Darera and Aurangzeb's Mosque, is a mosque built in the 17th century by emperor Aurangzeb over the ruins of a Hindu temple in Varanasi in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.[full citation needed]
Dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the Hindu temple, built by Beni Madhur Rao Scindia, a Maratha chieftain, was demolished when the emperor Aurangzeb had captured Banaras and had then ordered the total destruction of all its Hindu temples. Aurangzeb then built a mosque over the ruins of the temple in 1669 and named it as Alamagir Mosque in the name of his own honorific title "Alamgir", which he had adopted after becoming the emperor of the Mughal empire.
The mosque built over the ruins of a Hindu temple is architecturally a blend of Islamic and Hindu architecture, particularly as the lower part of the walls of the mosque were built entirely from the remains of the Hindu temple. The mosque has high domes and minarets. Two of its minarets were damaged; one minaret collapsed killing a few people and the other was officially brought down owing to stability concerns. The Panchaganga Ghat where the mosque is situated is where five streams are said to join. In October lamps are lighted on top of a bamboo staff as a mark of guidance to the ancestors.
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