Chitravathi River

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The Chitravathi at Puttaparthi
Details of Chitravati Balancing Reservoir at parnapalli

The Chitravathi is an inter-state river in southern India that is a tributary of the Pennar River. Rising in Karnataka, it flows into Andhra Pradesh and its basin covers an area of over 5,900 km2. The pilgrim town of Puttaparthi is located on its banks.


Chitravathi river originates at Chikkaballapur and flows through the Chikkaballapur district of Karnataka before entering Andhra Pradesh where it drains the districts of Anantapur and Cuddapah before joining the Pennar.[1] The Chitravati river basin covers an area of 5,908 km2.[2] Among the mandals that it drains in the two states are Bagepalli, Gorantla, Hindupur, Bukkapatnam, Dharmavaram, Tadipatri and Kadiri.[3] The river joins the Pennar at Gandikota in Kadapa district where the Gandikota irrigation project is being undertaken by the Government of Andhra Pradesh as part of its Jalayagnam project.[4][5] Chitravathi is a seasonal river that comes alive after the monsoons.[6] Along with the Papagni, it forms a part of the middle Pennar sub-basin and is a right bank tributary of the Pennar.[7]

Chitravati Balancing Reservoir at parnapalli on 15 January 2018
Chitravathi River

Paragodu project[edit]

The proposal to build a barrage at Paragodu by the Government of Karnataka has been opposed by politicians from Andhra Pradesh who argue that the move is likely to affect the availability of water for the various tank irrigation projects that exist in the Andhra districts.[6][8][9]

Ecological issues[edit]

Sand mining, much of it illegal, is rampant in the Chitravathi basin and this has resulted in severe depletion of groundwater resources in the region.[10]

Religious significance[edit]

Chitravathi is also known as the Deva Kanya and it flows through the pilgrim town of Puttaparthi, the abode of Satya Sai Baba. It is considered sacred by many people on account of its association with Satya Sai Baba.[1][11]


  1. ^ a b "Captivating beauty of River Chitravathi". Deccan Herald. 14 September 2008. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  2. ^ "Re-using Irrigation Drainage Gonchi Irrigation System in Penna River Basin" (PDF). Centre for World Solidarity. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  3. ^ Narasaiah, M. Lakshmi (1999). Financing Of Weaker Sections By Regional Rural Banks. New Delhi: Discovery Publishing House. p. 32. ISBN 9788171414673.
  4. ^ "Floods in Pennar, Chitravathi". The Hindu. 18 July 2008. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  5. ^ "Anantapuram District". Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  6. ^ a b "A fight over river waters". Frontline. 20 (14). 5–18 July 2003. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  7. ^ Jain, S. Sharad Kumar (2007). Hydrology and Water Resources of India. Dondrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. p. 732. ISBN 9781402051807.
  8. ^ "Don't allow Chitravathi dam: Naidu". The Hindu. 14 April 2000. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  9. ^ "Another water dispute between AP and Karnataka — Paragodu project raises hackles". The Hindu Businessline. 22 April 2003. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Illegal sand mining rampant in Chitravathi river basin". Deccan Herald. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  11. ^ "Chitravathi River, Puttaparthi, India". FirstPost. Retrieved 8 July 2013.

Coordinates: 14°09′31″N 77°49′04″E / 14.15861°N 77.81778°E / 14.15861; 77.81778