Kadapa

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This article is about the Kadapa city. For Kadapa district, see Kadapa district.
Kadapa
కడప
Cuddapah
City
Montage of Kadapa city. clockwise from Top Left: A Clock tower in Kadapa, Railway Station, An Industry near Kadapa, RIMS Dental College in Kadapa
Montage of Kadapa city. clockwise from Top Left: A Clock tower in Kadapa, Railway Station, An Industry near Kadapa, RIMS Dental College in Kadapa
Kadapa is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kadapa
Kadapa
Coordinates: 14°28′N 78°49′E / 14.47°N 78.82°E / 14.47; 78.82Coordinates: 14°28′N 78°49′E / 14.47°N 78.82°E / 14.47; 78.82
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Kadapa
Founded 1808 AD
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Kadapa Municipal Corporation
 • MP Y. S. Avinash Reddy
 • MLA Amzath Basha S.B
 • Mayor Kothamaddi Suresh Babu
 • Municipal Commissioner P.Chandramouliswara Reddy[1]
Area[2]
 • City 164.08 km2 (63.35 sq mi)
Area rank 4th (in AP)
Elevation 138 m (453 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • City 343,054
 • Rank 130th (India)
6th (Andhra Pradesh)
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
 • Metro[4] 344,893
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 516001,002,003,004[5]
Telephone code 08562[6]
Vehicle registration AP-04
Website Kadapa Municipal Corporation

Kadapa (formerly known as Cuddapah) is a city in the Rayalseema region of the south-central part of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the district headquarters of YSR Kadapa district. As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 344,078. It is located 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the Penna River. The city is surrounded on three sides by the Nallamala and Palakonda hills lying on the tectonic landscape between the Eastern and Western ghats. Black and Red ferrous soils occupy the region. The city is nicknamed "Gadapa" ('threshold') since it is the gateway from the west to the sacred hills of Tirumala.

Kadapa has been under the rule of different kingdoms, including the Cholas, the Vijayanagara Empire. It is also well known for its spicy and culinary food.

Etymology[edit]

The city's name originated from the Telugu word "Gadapa" meaning threshold or gate. It acquired this name with its relation to the Tirumala Hills; one had to pass through Cuddapah in olden days to reach Tirumala Hills. In old Telugu the word Kadapa meant a threshold which in modern standard Telugu is evolved to gadapa while the city's name retained the old flavour. It was spelled "Cuddapah" but was changed to "Kadapa" on 19 August 2005 to reflect the local pronunciation of the name.[7]

History[edit]

Post classical era (200-800 AD)[edit]

The history of Kadapa dates back to the 2nd century BC. Although it is nearly impossible to have data of that time, but the evidences of archeological survey suggests that it started with Mourya and Satavahana dynasty. And since then it has remained battle field for numerous dynasties including Chalukya, Cholas and Pallava. Among all of these dynasties, first one to rule over Kadapa was Pallava dynasty. Pallava kings ruled over the city during the 5th century after penetrating into North of Kadapa. After that Cholas ruled till the 8th century after defeating Pallavas. Later Banas came into existence as the next dynasty to rule over Kadapa.[8]

Medieval era (8th to 18th centuries AD)[edit]

Rashtrakutas ruled over Kadapa after Banas. Among the popular rulers of Kadapa was King Indra III, who served during the period of 915 AD. In his period, Kadapa gained a lot of power and influence, which declined with his death later. Telugu Cholas, were the next one to rule over Kadapa. Their kingdom has its palmier days in first half of the 13th century. Ambadeva ruled over Kadapa in the latter half of the 13th century. He had taken over the crown of Kadapa on a temporarily basis and ruled from Vallur, which is located at a distance of about 15 km from Kadapa.

After the death of Ambadeva, Kakatiya king Prataparudra II became the ruler of the place till the early 14th century. Later Prataparudra was defeated by Muslims in the reign of Khilji emperor Alla Uddin, who became the next ruler of Kadapa after giving imprisonment to Prataparudra. Later in the mid-14th century, Hindus of Vijayanagar dynasty drove the Muslims out of Warangal and subsequently Kadapa as well and ruled for around two centuries till they get defeated by the King of Golkonda. The most illustrious ruler during this time was Pemmasani Thimma Nayudu (1422 CE) who developed the region and constructed many tanks and temples here. Muslims of Golkonda conquered the region in 1594 when Mir Jumla II raided Gandikota fort and defeated Chinna Thimma Nayudu by treachery. Marathas took over the city in 1740 after defeating the Nawab of Kurnool and Cuddapah. Hyder Ali also ruled over the city before it fell in the hands of Nizam by the treaties of Mysore and Srirangapatnam.[9] Later the British took control of Kadapa District in 1800 CE. Although the town is an ancient one, it was probably extended by Neknam Khan, the Qutb Shahi commander, who called the extension "Neknamabad". The name "Neknamabad" was used for the town for some time but slowly fell into disuse and the records of the 18th century refer to the rulers not as Nawabs of basireddy but Nawabs of Kadapa. Except for some years in the beginning, Kadapa District was the seat of the Mayana Nawabs in the 18th century. With the British occupation of the tract in 1800 CE it became the headquarters of one of the four subordinate collectorates under the principal collector Sir Thomas Munro. Monuments from the rule of the Kadapa District Nawabs are still found in the town. Most prominent among these are two towers and the dargahs. In 2004, Kadapa was recognized as a municipal corporation.[10]

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

Kadapa is located at 14°28′N 78°49′E / 14.47°N 78.82°E / 14.47; 78.82 about 412 km from Hyderabad, in the Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh.[11] The city is situated in the Bugga or Ralla Vanka which is bordered by the Palakondas to the south and to the east by a patch of the same hills casting north for the Lankamalas on Penneru`s other side.[12] It has an average elevation of 138 metres (452 ft).[13] The hills of western and eastern ghats stand on either sides, shielding it from the extreme winds of summer and winter

Climate[edit]

Kadapa has a tropical wet and dry climate characterized by year round high temperatures. Kadapa has a record of reaching more than 50 degree Celsius. Summers are especially uncomfortable with hot and humid climate. During this time temperatures range from a minimum of 34 °C and can rise up to a maximum of 40 °C. Temperatures are range in the mid thirties during the day. Humidity is around 75% during the summer months. Monsoon season brings substantial rain to the area. Kadapa gets rainfall from both the South west monsoon as well as the North East Monsoon. June to October is usually the monsoon. Winters are comparatively milder and the temperatures are lower after the onset of the monsoons. During this time the temperatures range from a maximum of 25 °C and can rise up to a maximum of 35 °C. Humidity is much lower during the winter season. Winter season is the best time to visit the place.[14]

Climate data for Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
34.2
(93.6)
37.6
(99.7)
39.7
(103.5)
40.1
(104.2)
36.9
(98.4)
35.0
(95)
34.0
(93.2)
33.4
(92.1)
32.4
(90.3)
30.3
(86.5)
29.3
(84.7)
34.48
(94.05)
Average low °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
20.9
(69.6)
23.8
(74.8)
27.3
(81.1)
28.6
(83.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.0
(77)
23.8
(74.8)
21.2
(70.2)
19.0
(66.2)
23.88
(74.98)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
1
(0.04)
5
(0.2)
17
(0.67)
48
(1.89)
76
(2.99)
121
(4.76)
114
(4.49)
133
(5.24)
148
(5.83)
67
(2.64)
23
(0.91)
753
(29.66)
Source: Climate-Data.org[15]

Demographics[edit]

Others include Sikhs & Parsis
Religion in kadapa[16]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
75.00%
Islam
  
22.00%
Christianity
  
3.00%
Others
  
0%
Kadapa population 
Census Pop.
1961 49,027
1971 66,195 35.0%
1981 103,125 55.8%
1991 121,463 17.8%
2001 287,093 136.4%
2011 344,893 20.1%
Kadapa Municipal Corporation

Kadapa is one of the largest and fastest developing cities in Andhra Pradesh. As per the 1991 census the population of the town was 1,21,463. It didn't increase much as per the 2001 census which recorded 1,26,505 lakhs for 20 wards population with an average decade growth rate of 0.36 per cent.[17] Later it was converted to a Municipal Corporation in 2005. As per provisional data of 2011 census, Kadapa urban agglomeration has a population of 344,078, out of which males are 172,969 and females are 171,109. The literacy rate is 79.34 per cent. The urban population has 75% Hindus, 22% Muslims and 3% Christians.-[18][19]

Languages[edit]

Telugu is the official,largest spoken as well as the main language in the city. Just like any other part of Andhra Pradesh, majority of the people in the city speak Telugu in their daily routine. Most of the Muslims speak Urdu. Hindi is also spoken in many areas of the city. English is gaining popularity day by day in the city with the its rapid development.

Administration[edit]

Local Government[edit]

The Kadapa Municipal Corporation oversees the civic needs of the city and was constituted in the year 2005. It has 50 municipal wards represented by a corporator through direct election, who in turn elects the Mayor.[20] The District court is located in the city itself.

Culture[edit]

The city has rich culture and heritage with the influence of different dynasties. There are different rituals, customs and traditions with the existence of different religions such as, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism and Jainism.

Arts and crafts[edit]

Shilparamam is a crafts village situated in the outskirts of Kadapa.[21]

Cuisine[edit]

Kadapa is well known for its spicy and culinary food which is very similar to the South Indian food. People have idly, sambar and chutney in their breakfast. Rice, daal and curry is usually served as lunch. Most of the restaurants serve South Indian thali including these dishes in their lunch and dinner menu. Although it has a South Indian touch in its dishes it also has a diverse variety of its own which include Ragi Sangati or Ragi Mudda, Boti Curry, Natukodi Chicken, Paya Curry etc. Ragi sangati with chicken currey is the staple food in Kadapa and is also one of the most famous dishes in the city. Many other varieties of dishes can also be found in the local restaurants. Like many other cities of India fast food is also increasing its reach in the city.[22]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture, Mining forms a part of the city's economy.

Education[edit]

There are good number of schools, degree colleges, engineering colleges and universities. These include Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Kandula Srinivasa Reddy Memorial College of Engineering, Hyderabad Public School, Yogi Vemana University.

Transport[edit]

Roadways[edit]

Kadapa has a good road connectivity. NH-18 passes through the city which connects Kurnool and Chittoor.[23] APSRTC provide bus services to various destinations of the Kadapa district and other cities of the state like Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Vishakhapatnam, Rajamundry, Vellore, Tirupati(at a frequency of one bus in every 15 minutes), and also neighbour state capitals Bangalore and Chennai. City,bus service coming, soon

Railways[edit]

Kadapa Railway Station in the city of Kadapa
A view of Kadapa railway station.

Kadapa has its own railway station in the city. The Mumbai-Chennai line which happens to be one of the busiest lines in the south central region passes through Kadapa railway station.

Airways[edit]

Cuddapah Airport was opened for air traffic on 7 June 2015.[24]

Tourism[edit]

Kadapa has a good historical past, making it one the antique cities in India. The city has tourist attractions like, Devuni Kadapa, Ameen Peer Dargah, Bhagwan Mahavir Government Museum, etc. Besides these there are many other attractions around Kadapa, like the palakonda,waterfall Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary, Gandi. [25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Commissioners for Guntur, Kadapa". The Hindu. Hyderabad. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Kadapa Municipal Corporation at a Glance" (PDF). Kadapa Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 12 February 2016. 
  3. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  4. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  5. ^ "India Post- PIN Code Search". http://www.indiapost.gov.in/. Department of Posts, Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, Government of India. Retrieved 8 October 2013.  External link in |work= (help)
  6. ^ "STD Codes (Andhra Pradesh)". Sarkaritel. 2005. Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  7. ^ "It will be `Kadapa' henceforth". The Hindu. 18 August 2005. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  8. ^ "Kadapa Municipal Corporation About Kadapa". Kadapa Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  9. ^ "History of Kadapa". kadapaonline.in. 
  10. ^ "Brief about Kadapa Municipal Corporation". Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "redirect to /world/IN/02/Cuddapah.html". fallingrain.com. 
  12. ^ "Geography of Cuddapah, Climate of Cuddapah, Rivers in Kadapa". kadapaonline.in. 
  13. ^ Hussain. "Kadapa City". kadapacityrayalseema.blogspot.com. 
  14. ^ "KADAPA Weather, Temperature, Best Season, Kadapa Weather Forecast, Climate". mustseeindia.com. 
  15. ^ "Climate: kadapa". Retrieved 19 February 2016. 
  16. ^ "Census of India – Socio-cultural aspects". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  17. ^ http://theglobaljournals.com/paripex/file.php?val=November_2012_1353430588_c1e2b_21.pdf
  18. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  19. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  20. ^ ":: KADAPA MUNICIPAL CORPORATION". ap.gov.in. 
  21. ^ "Y.S.R.-District Panchayat". appr.gov.in. 
  22. ^ "Cuisine of Kadapa". kadapaonline.in. 
  23. ^ "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI" (PDF). National Highways Authority of India (NHAI). Retrieved 4 July 2008. 
  24. ^ "Transport in Kadapa". kadapaonline.in. 
  25. ^ "Kadapa Tourism, Tourism in Cuddapah, Travel in Cuddapah". kadapaonline.in. 

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.