Delta County, Michigan

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Delta County, Michigan
DeltaCountyMichiganBuilding.jpg
Delta County Courthouse in Escanaba
Map of Michigan highlighting Delta County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded created March 9, 1843
organized 1861[1]
Seat Escanaba
Largest city Escanaba
Area
 • Total 1,991 sq mi (5,157 km2)
 • Land 1,171 sq mi (3,033 km2)
 • Water 820 sq mi (2,124 km2), 41%
Population
 • (2010) 37,069
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.deltacountymi.org

Delta County is a county in the Upper peninsula in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,069.[2] The county seat is Escanaba.[3] The county was surveyed in 1843 and organized in 1861. Its name originates from the Greek letter "delta", which refers to the triangular shape of the original county[1][4] which included segments of Menominee, Dickinson, Iron, and Marquette counties.[5]

Delta County comprises the Escanaba, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,991 square miles (5,160 km2), of which 1,171 square miles (3,030 km2) is land and 820 square miles (2,100 km2) (41%) is water.[6] It is the fifth-largest county in Michigan by land area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,172
1870 2,542 116.9%
1880 6,812 168.0%
1890 15,330 125.0%
1900 23,881 55.8%
1910 30,108 26.1%
1920 30,909 2.7%
1930 32,280 4.4%
1940 34,037 5.4%
1950 32,913 −3.3%
1960 34,298 4.2%
1970 35,924 4.7%
1980 38,947 8.4%
1990 37,780 −3.0%
2000 38,520 2.0%
2010 37,069 −3.8%
Est. 2016 36,202 [7] −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

The 2010 United States Census[12] indicates Delta County had population of 37,069. This is a decrease of 1,451 people from the 2000 United States Census. This is a -3.8% change in population. In 2010 there were 15,992 households and 10,381 families in the county. The population density was 31.7 per square mile (12.2 square kilometers). There were 20,214 housing units at an average density of 17.3 per square mile (6.7 square kilometers). 94.7% of the population were White, 2.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.2% of some other race and 2.1% of two or more races. 0.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.8% were of French, French Canadian or Cajun, 15.5% German, 10.3% Swedish and 7.6% Irish ancestry.[13]

There were 15,992 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were husband and wife families, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.1% were non-families, and 29.8% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.9% under age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. This makes 49.5% of the population male, and 50.5% of the population female.

The 2010 American Community Survey 3-year estimate[12] indicates the median income for a household in the county was $40,967 and the median income for a family was $49,557. Males had a median income of $28,702 versus $15,093 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,751. About 2.4% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under the age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

The county is served by Delta County Airport (KESC), to the southwest of Escanaba.

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 59.8% 11,121 34.6% 6,436 5.6% 1,037
2012 52.6% 9,534 46.0% 8,330 1.5% 266
2008 46.0% 8,763 52.3% 9,974 1.7% 327
2004 50.3% 9,680 48.8% 9,381 0.9% 177
2000 51.2% 8,871 46.0% 7,970 2.7% 475
1996 36.7% 5,925 53.0% 8,561 10.3% 1,664
1992 33.6% 6,027 46.7% 8,387 19.8% 3,548
1988 44.3% 7,114 55.3% 8,891 0.4% 60
1984 52.8% 8,952 46.8% 7,934 0.3% 56
1980 46.0% 8,146 47.9% 8,475 6.1% 1,071
1976 45.9% 7,809 53.0% 9,027 1.2% 197
1972 48.1% 7,647 50.4% 8,003 1.5% 236
1968 40.6% 5,829 54.5% 7,821 5.0% 714
1964 30.6% 4,434 69.3% 10,046 0.2% 27
1960 44.8% 6,460 55.0% 7,924 0.2% 29
1956 54.3% 7,766 45.4% 6,489 0.3% 45
1952 51.8% 7,488 47.9% 6,921 0.3% 49
1948 42.9% 5,414 55.0% 6,943 2.2% 276
1944 41.2% 5,213 58.3% 7,375 0.4% 56
1940 41.2% 6,218 58.3% 8,802 0.5% 81
1936 32.8% 4,527 64.9% 8,954 2.3% 310
1932 35.7% 4,386 59.9% 7,363 4.4% 536
1928 49.6% 5,420 49.6% 5,419 0.8% 91
1924 49.8% 4,761 4.9% 463 45.3% 4,330
1920 65.4% 4,938 26.3% 1,985 8.3% 627
1916 59.7% 3,088 34.5% 1,781 5.8% 300
1912 25.4% 1,111 24.4% 1,066 50.3% 2,201
1908 71.7% 3,243 24.3% 1,097 4.1% 183
1904 79.9% 3,332 15.8% 658 4.3% 181
1900 70.9% 3,081 27.9% 1,210 1.2% 52
1896 67.8% 2,774 30.2% 1,237 2.0% 80
1892 54.3% 1,769 43.3% 1,412 2.4% 77
1888 54.2% 1,587 45.5% 1,332 0.4% 11
1884 66.1% 1,201 33.5% 609 0.3% 6

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of January 2015)[15]

Communities[edit]

Map of Delta County with Municipal and Township labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Delta County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 103. 
  5. ^ Names of Michigan Counties Archived July 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  13. ^ Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder". census.gov. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  15. ^ "Delta County Directory". Retrieved July 6, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°47′N 86°52′W / 45.78°N 86.87°W / 45.78; -86.87