Demographics of Ivory Coast

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Demographics of Ivory Coast
Population pyramid of the Ivory Coast in 2020
Population28,713,423 (2022 est.)
Growth rate2.19% (2022 est.)
Birth rate28.3 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Life expectancy62.26 years
 • male60.07 years
 • female64.52 years
Fertility rate3.53 children born/woman (2022 est.)
Infant mortality rate55.67 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate1.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years38.53%
65 and over2.85%
Sex ratio
Total0.97 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
At birth1.03 male(s)/female
Under 151.06 male(s)/female
65 and over0.58 male(s)/female
Nationality
NationalityIvoirian
Language
OfficialFrench
Historical population
YearPop.±%
19502,630,000—    
19603,504,000+33.2%
19705,102,000+45.6%
19808,034,000+57.5%
199011,925,000+48.4%
200016,455,000+38.0%
201021,530,000+30.8%
202026,812,000+24.5%
source:[1][2]

Demographic features of the population of Ivory Coast include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population[edit]

Demographics of Ivory Coast, Data of Our World in Data, year 2022; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Population, fertility rate and net reproduction rate, United Nations estimates

According to the 2022 revision of the World Population Prospects[1][2] the total population was 27,478,249 in 2021, compared to only 2 630 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 40.9%, 55.3% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.8% was 65 years or older .[3]

Total population Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 2 630 000 43.1 54.6 2.3
1955 3 072 000 43.0 54.6 2.4
1960 3 638 000 43.8 53.8 2.4
1965 4 424 000 44.6 52.9 2.4
1970 5 416 000 45.0 52.6 2.4
1975 6 768 000 45.4 52.2 2.4
1980 8 501 000 45.9 51.7 2.5
1985 10 495 000 45.9 51.5 2.5
1990 12 518 000 45.1 52.2 2.6
1995 14 677 000 43.2 54.0 2.8
2000 16 582 000 41.8 55.1 3.1
2005 18 021 000 41.8 54.8 3.5
2010 19 738 000 40.9 55.3 3.8

Population Growth[edit]

1.88% (2016 est.)[4]

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events in the Ivory Coast is not complete. The website Our World in Data prepared the following estimates based on statistics from the Population Department of the United Nations.[5]

Mid-year population (thousands) Live births (thousands) Deaths (thousands) Natural change (thousands) Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate (TFR) Infant mortality (per 1000 live births) Life expectancy (in years)
1950 2 737   150   89   60 54.8 32.7 22.1 7.61 238.7 32.11
1951   2 814   154   91   63 55.0 32.5 22.5 7.61 236.9 32.41
1952   2 894   159   92   67 55.1 31.9 23.1 7.61 233.1 32.93
1953   2 976   164   93   71 55.1 31.4 23.7 7.60 229.1 33.51
1954   3 063   168   94   74 55.1 30.8 24.3 7.60 224.9 34.09
1955   3 154   173   95   78 55.0 30.2 24.8 7.60 220.5 34.69
1956   3 251   178   96   82 54.9 29.5 25.4 7.60 215.8 35.42
1957   3 354   183   97   87 54.8 28.9 25.9 7.60 211.2 36.06
1958   3 463   189   97   91 54.6 28.2 26.5 7.61 206.7 36.77
1959   3 581   194   98   96 54.4 27.5 26.9 7.61 202.2 37.44
1960   3 709   202   99   103 54.8 26.9 27.9 7.69 197.8 38.11
1961   3 848   210   101   109 54.7 26.3 28.4 7.72 193.5 38.74
1962   3 998   218   102   115 54.7 25.7 28.9 7.75 189.1 39.40
1963   4 156   226   104   121 54.6 25.2 29.3 7.78 185.0 39.96
1964   4 321   234   106   128 54.4 24.6 29.8 7.81 181.0 40.61
1965   4 493   242   108   135 54.2 24.1 30.1 7.84 177.0 41.18
1966   4 671   251   109   142 53.9 23.5 30.5 7.87 173.1 41.82
1967   4 857   260   111   149 53.7 22.9 30.8 7.89 169.2 42.42
1968   5 050   269   113   157 53.5 22.4 31.1 7.91 165.3 43.02
1969   5 255   278   114   164 53.2 21.8 31.4 7.93 161.5 43.64
1970   5 477   288   115   173 52.8 21.2 31.7 7.94 157.6 44.33
1971   5 719   299   117   182 52.6 20.6 32.1 7.94 153.4 44.99
1972   5 980   311   118   193 52.4 19.9 32.5 7.94 148.9 45.72
1973   6 257   325   120   206 52.3 19.3 33.1 7.94 144.3 46.56
1974   6 549   340   121   219 52.2 18.5 33.6 7.93 139.4 47.51
1975   6 854   354   122   232 51.9 17.9 34.0 7.91 134.6 48.35
1976   7 143   368   122   246 51.6 17.1 34.4 7.88 129.8 49.29
1977   7 416   389   123   266 52.5 16.6 35.9 7.83 125.4 50.18
1978   7 701   404   124   280 52.5 16.2 36.3 7.67 121.3 50.93
1979   7 996   423   126   297 52.8 15.7 37.1 7.63 117.8 51.68
1980   8 304   438   127   311 52.8 15.3 37.5 7.59 114.8 52.27
1981   8 622   452   129   323 52.4 14.9 37.4 7.54 112.3 52.73
1982   8 948   463   131   332 51.7 14.7 37.1 7.49 110.2 52.92
1983   9 282   473   133   340 51.0 14.4 36.6 7.42 108.5 53.17
1984   9 621   481   137   344 50.0 14.2 35.8 7.35 107.1 53.04
1985   9 964   487   139   348 48.9 14.0 34.9 7.27 106.1 53.17
1986   10 309   493   142   351 47.8 13.8 34.1 7.18 105.3 53.20
1987   10 663   498   145   353 46.7 13.6 33.1 7.08 104.9 53.19
1988   11 043   507   149   358 46.0 13.5 32.5 6.96 104.7 53.02
1989   11 463   539   157   382 47.1 13.7 33.4 6.84 104.8 52.88
1990   11 911   556   165   391 46.8 13.9 32.9 6.73 105.0 52.60
1991   12 369   573   173   400 46.4 14.0 32.4 6.61 105.3 52.32
1992   12 838   589   181   409 46.0 14.1 31.9 6.46 105.5 52.14
1993   13 316   604   188   415 45.4 14.2 31.3 6.31 105.6 51.93
1994   13 802   618   196   423 44.9 14.2 30.7 6.16 105.6 51.74
1995   14 300   642   203   439 45.0 14.2 30.8 6.09 105.4 51.61
1996   14 811   663   211   452 44.8 14.3 30.6 6.01 104.7 51.52
1997   15 335   689   218   470 45.0 14.3 30.7 5.95 103.7 51.45
1998   15 859   716   228   488 45.2 14.4 30.8 5.90 102.5 51.11
1999   16 346   737   235   501 45.0 14.4 30.6 5.85 101.0 50.96
2000   16 800   753   241   513 44.8 14.3 30.5 5.81 99.3 50.84
2001   17 245   764   245   519 44.2 14.1 30.0 5.76 97.4 50.81
2002   17 684   772   247   525 43.5 13.9 29.6 5.71 95.4 50.89
2003   18 116   782 251   531 43.0 13.8 29.2 5.64 93.3 50.95
2004   18 545   785   250   535 42.2 13.5 28.8 5.55 91.0 51.36
2005   18 970   792   250   542 41.6 13.1 28.5 5.46 88.6 51.82
2006   19 394   796   248   548 40.9 12.8 28.2 5.38 86.4 52.36
2007   19 818   800   246   554 40.2 12.4 27.9 5.30 84.1 52.97
2008   20 244   806   243   563 39.7 12.0 27.7 5.22 81.6 53.65
2009   20 678   813   239   574 39.2 11.5 27.7 5.15 78.9 54.39
2010   21 120   823   237   585 38.8 11.2 27.6 5.09 76.6 55.02
2011   21 563   832   236   595 38.4 10.9 27.5 5.03 74.6 55.52
2012   22 011   833   232   601 37.7 10.5 27.2 4.97 72.6 56.16
2013   22 469   837   229   609 37.1 10.1 27.0 4.92 70.6 56.75
2014   22 996   842   227   616 36.6 9.8 26.8 4.87 68.5 57.21
2015   23 597   857   225   631 36.3 9.5 26.7 4.81 66.6 57.76
2016   24 214   871   227   644 36.0 9.4 26.6 4.76 65.1 58.06
2017   24 848   892   228   664 35.9 9.2 26.7 4.74 63.5 58.48
2018   25 494   893   229   664 35.0 9.0 26.0 4.61 61.7 58.85
2019   26 148   904   228   676 34.6 8.7 25.8 4.54 59.8 59.32
2020   26 812   917   236   681 34.2 8.8 25.4 4.47 58.2 59.03
2021   27 478   933   247   685 33.9 9.0 24.9 4.42 56.9 58.60

Age distribution[edit]

Population by Sex and Age Group (Census 15.V.2014): [6]
Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 11 708 244 10 963 087 22 671 331 100
0–4 1 902 052 1 784 695 3 686 747 16.26
5–9 1 635 039 1 530 608 3 165 647 13.96
10–14 1 391 732 1 237 225 2 628 957 11.60
15–19 1 075 555 1 039 026 2 114 581 9.33
20–24 1 022 190 1 083 404 2 105 594 9.29
25–29 997 460 1 052 924 2 050 384 9.04
30–34 908 792 861 990 1 770 782 7.81
35–39 744 301 615 168 1 359 469 6.00
40–44 555 990 446 595 1 002 585 4.42
45–49 419 350 361 691 781 041 3.45
50–54 337 817 304 158 641 975 2.83
55–59 240 117 205 324 445 441 1.96
60–64 183 494 154 187 337 681 1.49
65-69 118 203 109 006 227 209 1.00
70-74 78 643 76 904 155 547 0.69
75-79 44 041 44 520 88 561 0.39
80-84 25 866 28 818 54 684 0.24
85-89 9 206 9 561 18 767 0.08
90-94 4 183 5 187 9 370 0.04
95-99 8 982 8 573 17 555 0.08
100+ 1 842 2 452 4 294 0.02
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 4 928 823 4 552 528 9 481 351 41.82
15–64 6 485 066 6 124 467 12 609 533 55.62
65+ 290 966 285 021 575 987 2.54
Unknown 3 389 1 071 4 460 0.02
Population Estimates by Sex and Age Group (01.VII.2020) (Based on the results of the 2014 Population Census.):[7]
Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 13 645 276 12 808 266 26 453 542 100
0–4 2 215 581 2 078 290 4 293 871 16.23
5–9 1 904 038 1 738 782 3 687 820 13.94
10–14 1 619 573 1 444 494 3 064 067 11.58
15–19 1 250 259 1 215 196 2 465 455 9.32
20–24 1 193 895 1 268 338 2 462 233 9.31
25–29 1 166 522 1 233 446 2 399 968 9.07
30–34 1 062 194 1 008 346 2 070 540 7.83
35–39 869 320 719 869 1 589 189 6.01
40–44 649 418 522 577 1 171 995 4.43
45–49 489 000 423 104 912 104 3.45
50–54 393 651 356 058 749 709 2.83
55–59 280 097 241 108 521 205 1.97
60–64 214 207 181 241 395 448 1.49
65-69 137 997 128 232 266 229 1.01
70-74 92 168 90 147 182 315 0.69
75-79 51 684 52 248 103 932 0.39
80-84 30 133 33 822 63 955 0.24
85-89 10 708 11 076 21 784 0.08
90-94 4 816 5 966 10 782 0.04
95+ 10 015 10 926 20 941 0.08
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 5 739 192 5 261 566 11 000 758 41.59
15–64 7 568 563 7 214 283 14 782 846 55.88
65+ 337 521 332 417 669 938 2.53
Population by Sex and Age Group (Census 08.XI.2021): [6]
Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 15 344 990 14 044 160 29 389 150 100
0–4 1 906 918 1 789 383 3 696 301 12.58
5–9 2 046 712 1 909 238 3 955 950 13.46
10–14 1 874 880 1 698 142 3 573 022 12.16
15–19 1 698 488 1 529 343 3 227 831 10.98
20–24 1 527 341 1 470 418 2 997 759 10.20
25–29 1 209 371 1 239 670 2 449 041 8.33
30–34 1 163 625 1 148 477 2 312 102 7.87
35–39 1 033 936 913 966 1 947 902 6.63
40–44 865 312 665 742 1 531 054 5.21
45–49 609 354 440 056 1 049 410 3.57
50–54 458 662 360 814 819 476 2.79
55–59 308 261 267 244 575 505 1.96
60–64 252 433 222 897 475 330 1.62
65-69 162 331 141 412 303 743 1.03
70-74 103 482 100 911 204 393 0.70
75-79 54 911 59 487 114 398 0.39
80-84 30 402 39 502 69 904 0.24
85-89 12 545 17 461 30 006 0.10
90-94 5 885 9 391 15 276 0.05
95-99 2 842 3 831 6 673 0.02
100+ 4 164 5 903 10 067 0.03
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 5 828 510 5 396 763 11 225 273 38.20
15–64 9 126 783 8 258 627 17 385 410 59.16
65+ 376 562 377 898 754 460 2.57
Unknown 13 135 10 872 24 007 0.08

Fertility and Births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[8][9]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1994 41.3 5.7 (4.7) 38.8 4.7 (3.7) 42.5 6.4 (5.4)
1998–99 39.3 5.2 (4.5) 36.5 4.0 (3.4) 40.7 6.0 (5.2)
2005 38.4 4.6 35.1 3.6 40.8 5.5
2011–12 36.8 5.0 (4.1) 31.9 3.7 (3.2) 40.3 6.3 (5.0)
2021 32.4 4.3 (3.9) 29.9 3.6 (3.3) 35.4 5.3 (4.9)

Fertility data as of 2011-2012 (DHS Program):[10]

Region Total fertility rate Percentage of women age 15-49 currently pregnant Mean number of children ever born to women age 40–49
Centre 6.1 10.6 6.9
Centre-Est 4.6 7.7 5.4
Centre-Nord 5.4 9.6 6.1
Centre-Ouest 5.4 11.0 5.7
Nord 6.1 9.7 6.9
Nord-Est 6.0 11.5 6.6
Nord-Ouest 6.8 12.4 7.1
Ouest 6.1 12.4 6.2
Sud 4.8 10.6 6.0
Sud-Ouest 5.0 15.5 5.9
Ville d'Abidjan 3.1 6.9 4.2

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic groups
Ethnic groups in Ivory Coast[11]
Ethnic groups
Akan
28.9%
Other (includes Pakistanis and Lebanese)
24.2%
Voltaic or Gur
16.1%
Northern Mandé
14.5%
Krou
8.5%
Southern Mandé
6.9%
Unspecified
0.9%

Ivory Coast has more than 60 ethnic groups, usually classified into five principal divisions: Akan (east and center, including Lagoon peoples of the southeast), Krou (southwest), Southern Mandé (west), Northern Mandé (northwest), Sénoufo/Lobi (north center and northeast). The Baoulés, in the Akan division, probably comprise the largest single subgroup with 15%-20% of the population. They are based in the central region around Bouaké and Yamoussoukro. The Bétés in the Krou division, the Sénoufos in the north, and the Malinkés in the northwest and the cities are the next largest groups, with 10%-15% of the national population. Most of the principal divisions have a significant presence in neighboring countries.

Of the more than 5 million non-Ivorian Africans living in Ivory Coast, one-third to one-half are from Burkina Faso; the rest are from Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Nigeria, Benin, Senegal, Liberia, and Mauritania. The non-African expatriate community includes roughly 50,000 French (this number may be inaccurate due to the evacuation of roughly 8,000 Frenchmen in November 2004) and possibly 40,000 Lebanese.

Languages[edit]

French is the official language, while there are 60 living indigenous languages spoken in Ivory Coast. The Dioula dialect of Bambara is the most widely spoken one.[12] Other language groups include the Gur languages, the Senufo languages, the Kru languages (including the Bété languages, Dida, Nyabwa, , and Western Krahn), and the Kwa languages (including Akan, Anyin, and Baoulé).[citation needed]

Religion[edit]

The economic development and relative prosperity of Ivory Coast fostered huge demographic shifts during the 20th century. "In 1922, an estimated 100,000 out of 1.6 million (or 6 percent) of people in Côte d'Ivoire were Muslims. By contrast, at independence (in 1960), their share of the population had increased rapidly, and Muslims were moving southward to the cocoa-producing areas and the southern cities. By 1998, [...], Muslims constituted a majority in the north of the country, and approximately 38.6 percent of the total population. This was a significantly larger population than the next largest religious group, Christians, who constituted approximately 29.1 percent of the total."[13] In earlier decades, this shift was mainly due to large-scale immigration from neighboring countries of the interior, that has been going on since colonial times and continued to be promoted during the Houphouet-Boigny era. Since the 1990s, the widening conversion gap between different religious groups has started to tilt the demographic balance in favor of Christians.According to the last census of 2021 Muslims make up 42,5% of population (42,9% in 2014) and Christians 39,8%(33,9% in 2014).[14]

Religions of IVORY COAST (2014 est.)[11]
Religions percent
Islam
42.5%
Roman Catholic
16.6%
Pentecostal
13.4%
No religion
12.6%
Evangelical
7.8%
Other Christian
4.2%
Animist
2.2%
Other
0.7%

Ivorian diaspora[edit]

The table below shows the number of people born in Ivory Coast who have migrated to OECD countries only (the table only includes communities consisting of at least 1,000 members).[15]

Country Ivorian-born population See also
 France 63,441 Ivorians in France
 Canada 22,625[16]
 United States 7,595 Ivorian Americans
 Italy 28,385[17]
 United Kingdom 2,794 Ivorians in the United Kingdom
 Belgium 1,363
  Switzerland 1,100

Other demographic statistics[edit]

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2022.[18]

  • One birth every 33 seconds
  • One death every 2 minutes
  • One net migrant every 360 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 46 seconds

The following demographic are from the CIA World Factbook[19] unless otherwise indicated.

Population[edit]

28,713,423 (2022 est.)
26,260,582 (July 2018 est.)
21,058,798 (2010 est.)

Age structure[edit]

Population pyramid of Ivory Coast in 2020
0-14 years: 38.53% (male 5,311,971/female 5,276,219)
15-24 years: 20.21% (male 2,774,374/female 2,779,012)
25-54 years: 34.88% (male 4,866,957/female 4,719,286)
55-64 years: 3.53% (male 494,000/female 476,060)
65 years and over: 2.85% (2020 est.) (male 349,822/female 433,385)
0-14 years: 39.59% (male 5,213,630 /female 5,182,872)
15-24 years: 19.91% (male 2,613,772 /female 2,615,680)
25-54 years: 34.25% (male 4,577,394 /female 4,416,408)
55-64 years: 3.47% (male 460,048 /female 451,604)
65 years and over: 2.78% (male 325,510 /female 403,664) (2018 est.)
total: 19.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 192nd
male: 20 years
female: 19.8 years (2018 est.)

Birth rate[edit]

28.3 births/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 35th
30.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 36th

Death rate[edit]

7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 105th
8.4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 80th

Total fertility rate[edit]

3.53 children born/woman (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 37th
3.83 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 38th

Population growth rate[edit]

2.19% (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 36th
2.3% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 33rd

Median age[edit]

total: 20.3 years. Country comparison to the world: 190th
male: 20.3 years
female: 20.3 years (2020 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth[edit]

19.6 years (2011/12 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 20-49

Contraceptive prevalence rate[edit]

23.3% (2018)
15.5% (2016)

Net migration rate[edit]

1.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 62nd
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 79th

Sex ratio[edit]

At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.02 male(s)/female
15–64 years 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.99 male(s)/female
Total population 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 62.26 years. Country comparison to the world: 212nd
male: 60.07 years
female: 64.52 years (2022 est.)
total population: 60.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 58 years (2018 est.)
female: 62.4 years (2018 est.)

Dependency ratios[edit]

total dependency ratio: 83.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 78.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.3 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 18.9 (2015 est.)

Urbanization[edit]

urban population: 52.7% of total population (2022)
rate of urbanization: 3.38% annual rate of change (2020–25 est.)
urban population: 50.8% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 3.38% annual rate of change (2015–20 est.)

Religions[edit]

Muslim 42.5%, Catholic 16.6%, Pentecostal 13.4%, Evangelical 6.8%, other Christian 3%, animist 2.2%, other religion 0.7%, none 12.6% (2021 census)
note: the majority of foreign migrant workers are Muslim (72.7%) and Christian (17.7%).

HIV/AIDS[edit]

adult prevalence rate: 2.8% (2017 est.)
people living with HIV/AIDS: 500,000 (2017 est.)
deaths: 24,000 (2017 est.)

Major infectious diseases[edit]

Degree of risk very high
Food or Waterborne diseases bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Water contact schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease rabies

Note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Nationality[edit]

Noun and adjective: Ivorian (Ivoirian)

Ethnic groups[edit]

other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French) (1998)

Education expenditures[edit]

3.7% of GDP (2019) Country comparison to the world: 112nd

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)

total population: 89.9%
male: 93.1%
female: 86.7% (2019)
total population: 47.2% (2018 est.)
male: 53.7% (2018 est.)
female: 40.5% (2018 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)[edit]

total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2019)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24[edit]

total: 3.9% (2016 est.)
male: 2.8% (2016 est.)
female: 5.1% (2016 est.)

Major infectious diseases[edit]

degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from The World Factbook (2024 ed.). CIA. (Archived 2006 edition)

  1. ^ a b "World Population Prospects 2022". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  2. ^ a b "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX) ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  3. ^ "Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision". Esa.un.org. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  4. ^ CIA World Factbook
  5. ^ "Population & Demography Data Explorer". Our World in Data. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  6. ^ a b https://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic-social/products/dyb/#statistics>
  7. ^ "UNSD — Demographic and Social Statistics".
  8. ^ "MEASURE DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys". microdata.worldbank.org.
  9. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire: Enquête Démographique et de Santé 2021" (PDF). DHS Program (in French). pp. 9, 10. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2022.
  10. ^ "Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples 2011-2012" (PDF). Dhsprogram.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2022. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
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  19. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: "The World FactBook - Cote d'Ivoire", The World Factbook, 2022