Fiona Hill (presidential advisor)
|Born||October 1965 (age 54)|
Bishop Auckland, England, UK
|Education||University of St Andrews (BA)|
Harvard University (MA, PhD)
Fiona Hill (born October 1965) is a British-born American foreign affairs specialist and a former official at the National Security Council specializing in the former Soviet Union, Russian and European affairs.
Early life, family, and education
Hill was born in Bishop Auckland, County Durham, in northern England, to parents who worked as a coal miner and a nurse. She studied at the University of St Andrews in Scotland, for her undergraduate degree. She then studied at Harvard University, where she gained her master's degree in Russian and modern history in 1991, and her PhD in history in 1998 under Richard Pipes, Akira Iriye, and Roman Szporluk. While at Harvard she was a Frank Knox Fellow, and met her future husband at Cabot House.
Hill worked in the research department at the John F. Kennedy School of Government from 1991 to 1999, and at the National Intelligence Council as national intelligence officer for Russia and Eurasia from 2006 to 2009. She is currently on leave of absence from the Brookings Institution, where she is director for the Center on the United States and Europe, while serving on the staff of the U.S. National Security Council. Hill is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the board of trustees of the Eurasia Foundation.
2017: Deputy Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Europe and Russia on the National Security Council staff. In this role, she was the lead interagency coordinator for U.S. foreign policy relating to Europe and Russia.[needs copy edit]
Hill served as an intelligence officer under Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama from 2006 to 2009. She was appointed in April 2017 by President Donald Trump as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for European and Russian Affairs on his National Security Council staff.
Resignation from the NSC
Hill decided to step down from her position in the Trump National Security Council in August 2019. In the same month, Hill was replaced by Tim Morrison, a position which he later resigned from on October 31, 2019.
On October 14, 2019, responding to a subpoena, Hill testified in a closed-door session for ten hours before special committees of the United States Congress, as part of the impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump.
Hill's books include:
- Hill, Fiona; Gaddy, Clifford G. (2003). The Siberian Curse: How Communist Planners Left Russia Out in the Cold. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 978-0815736455. LCCN 2003016801.
- Hill, Fiona (September 2004). Energy Empire: Oil, Gas and Russia's Revival (PDF). Foreign Policy Centre. ISBN 978-1903558386. OCLC 68266192. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 19, 2019.
- Hill, Fiona (2013). Mr. Putin: Operative in the Kremlin. Brookings Focus Books. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 978-0815723769. LCCN 2012041470.
- Clauss, Kyle Scott (March 2, 2017). "Fiona Hill, Trump's New Russia Expert, Went to Harvard". Boston. Archived from the original on September 30, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- "Fiona Hill". Brookings Institution. July 7, 2016. Archived from the original on October 29, 2019. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
- Levy, Gabrielle (March 3, 2017). "Former Intelligence Officer and Putin Critic Tapped for White House Role". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on October 31, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- Gramer, Robbie; MacKinnon, Amy (June 18, 2019). "Trump's Top Russia Aide to Depart". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on October 24, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
- Baker, Peter; MacFarquhar, Neil (June 27, 2019). "At G20, Trump Seeks Fresh Start with Putin after End of Mueller Inquiry". The New York Times. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
- Miller, Zeke. "National Security Council Official Tim Morrison Resigns the Day Before He Testifies to Congress About Ukraine". Time. AP. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
- Cohen, Zachary; Atwood, Kylie (November 18, 2019). "White House national security official testifying in impeachment inquiry to step down soon". CNN. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
- "Tim Morrison resigns from National Security Council ahead of impeachment testimony". Axios. October 31, 2019. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
- Lederman, Josh; Lee, Carol E.; Welker, Kristen (October 10, 2019). "Trump's former Russia aide set to give revealing testimony on Giuliani, Sondland". NBC News. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- Acosta, Jim; Borger, Gloria; Raju, Manu; Herb, Jeremy (October 15, 2019). "Trump's former top Russia adviser told Congress she saw 'wrongdoing' in US policy toward Ukraine, source says". CNN. Archived from the original on November 9, 2019. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
- Baker, Peter; Fandos, Nicholas (October 14, 2019). "Bolton Objected to Ukraine Pressure Campaign, Calling Giuliani 'a Hand Grenade'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on October 16, 2019. Retrieved October 22, 2019.