Foreign relations of Cape Verde

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Cape Verde

Cape Verde follows a policy of nonalignment and seeks cooperative relations with all friendly states. Angola, Brazil, the People's Republic of China, Cuba, France, Germany, Portugal, Senegal, Russia, South Korea and the United States maintain embassies in Praia.

Cape Verde is actively interested in foreign affairs, especially in Africa. It has bilateral relations with some Lusophone nations and holds membership in a number of international organizations. It also participates in most international conferences on economic and political issues.

Bilateral relations[edit]


Cape Verde signed a friendship accord with Angola in December 1975, shortly after Angola gained its independence. Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau served as stop-over points for Cuban troops on their way to Angola to fight UNITA rebels and South African troops. Prime Minister Pedro Pires sent FARP soldiers to Angola where they served as the personal bodyguards of Angolan President José Eduardo dos Santos.[1]


Both countries established diplomatic relations on 26 February 2007.


In January 2007, Manuel Inocêncio Sousa, Minister of Infrastructure, Transports and Sea, acknowledged the People's Republic of China's importance to Cape Verde stating:

"China has been a friend of Cape Verde even before it gained independence from Portugal 30 years ago. Bilateral relations have been very good: in 2002, for example, the trade value between our two countries reached US $1.8 million, in Chinese exports of light industry products and miscellaneous goods."


The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is about 900 km south-east of Cape Verde in coastal West Africa. Both were colonies of the Portuguese Empire and they campaigned together for independence with a plan for unification, but the countries separated after 1980.[2][3]


After Cape Verde became a Portuguese colony in the 15th century, it became an important transit point for trade routes from Europe to India and Australia.[4] The Embassy of India in Dakar, Senegal is concurrently accredited to Cape Verde. Cape Verde maintains an Honorary Consulate General in New Delhi.[5]

Foreign Minister Jose Brito was the first Cape Verdean minister to visit India in November 2009.[6] Minister of State for Rural Development Sudarshan Bhagat visited Cape Verde in September 2015 as the Prime Minister's Special Envoy. Bhagat invited Cape Verde to send a delegation to attend the third India Africa Forum Summit. Foreign Minister Tolentini Araujo Jorge led the Cape Verdean delegation to participate in the Summit in New Delhi in October 2015.[7]

Bilateral trade between Cape Verde and India totaled US$4.20 million in 2014-15, declining by 40.72% from the previous fiscal. India exported $1.43 million worth of goods to Cape Verde, and imported $2.77 million. The main commodities exported from India to Cape Verde are drugs, pharmaceuticals, plastic and linoleum products, and man-made fibers.[7]

IBSA provided a grant to refurbish a healthcare Centre in Cape Verde. India provided a line of credit worth $5 million to establish a Technology Park in the country. India donated $50,000 in 2010 to help the Government of Cape Verde to fight dengue fever, and supplied computers for the Government's "A New World" programme in October 2012. Citizens of Cape Verde are eligible for scholarships under the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme and the Indian Council for Cultural Relations.[7]

A small Indian community resides in Cape Verde.[7]

South Korea[edit]

Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of Korea and Cape Verde is 3 October 1988 and In 2011 Bilateral Trade were Exports $1,140,792 (Machineries, Automobile, Optical Instruments) Imports: $65,166.[8]

United States[edit]

The United States provided emergency humanitarian aid and economic assistance to Cape Verde in the period immediately following Cape Verde's independence, as well as after natural disasters, including a hurricane that struck the island of Brava in 1982, and after a severe volcanic eruption on Fogo in 1995. Cape Verde also is eligible for trade benefits under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), and has signed an Open Skies agreement to facilitate air travel safety and expansion. On July 4, 2005, Cape Verde became the third country to sign a compact with the U.S. Government-funded Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC); the five-year assistance package is worth over $110 million in addressing rural economic expansion, infrastructure development, and development of the credit sector.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website (Background Notes).[1]

Multilateral Relations[edit]

European Union[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lobban, Richard (1995). Cape Verde:Crioulo Colony to Independent Nation. pp. 111–112. 
  2. ^ MacQueen, Norrie (February 1, 2006). "Widening trajectories: Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde since independence". Relações Internacionais. Archived from the original on April 23, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015. 
  3. ^ Mendy, Peter Karibe; Lobban, Jr., Richard A. (October 17, 2013). "Cape Verde, Relations with". Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau. Scarecrow Press. Retrieved October 29, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Cabo Verde". Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "Hony. Consulates in India". Protocol Division, Ministry of External Affairs. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  6. ^ "Cape Verde is a natural partner for India:Shashi Tharoor". India Infoline. Mumbai. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d "India - Cabo Verde Relations" (PDF). Ministry of External Affairs (India). December 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  8. ^ Korea, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of. "Countries and Regions > Middle East and Africa > List of the Countries". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-07-19.