Foreign relations of Djibouti

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Foreign relations of Djibouti are managed by the Djiboutian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. Djibouti maintains close ties with the governments of Somalia, Ethiopia, France and the United States. It is likewise an active participant in African Union and Arab League affairs. Since the 2000s, Djiboutian authorities have also strengthened relations with China.

Bilateral relations[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Egypt 1977
 Ethiopia 1984 See Djibouti–Ethiopia relations
 Kenya
 Morocco
 Somalia 1977 See Djibouti–Somalia relations
 Sudan
 Eritrea 1995 See Djibouti–Eritrea relations
 Rwanda 2016
  • In March 2016, both countries presidents met to discuss establishing diplomatic relations and possible ways of developing bilateral ties.
 South Africa 1994
  • South Africa and the Republic of Djibouti established diplomatic relations in 1994.[1]

Europe[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 2015
  • In October 2015, both countries Foreign Ministers met to discuss establishing diplomatic relations and possible ways of developing bilateral ties.
 Czech Republic 1997
 Greece 1981
  • Greece has a consulate in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  • Greek-Djiboutian relations are particularly friendly. The Greek community in Djibouti has significantly contributed to that.[3]
 Germany 1978
 France 1977 See Djibouti–France relations
 Belgium
  Switzerland
 Serbia 1978
 Turkey
 Kosovo 22 March 2013
  • Djibouti officially recognised the independence of the Republic of Kosovo on 8 May 2010.[5] On 22 March 2013 Djibouti and Kosovo established diplomatic relations and vowed to strengthen bilateral co-operation with one another.[6]
 Russia 1978

Asia[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 People's Republic of China January 8, 1979 See China–Djibouti relations
 India 1977 See Djibouti–India relations
 Japan 27 June 1977 See Djibouti–Japan relations
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Tokyo, Japan.
  • Japan has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.
  • Japan's Maritime Self-Defense Force(MSDF) maintains an overseas military base in Djibouti since 2011. Japanese forces in Djibouti is tasked to escort ships and combat piracy on the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea.
 Qatar
 Palestine
 Philippines
 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates
 South Korea 7 December 1977
 Yemen
 Kuwait
 Iran July 1998
  • In July 1998, Iran and Djibouti signed a letter of understanding to consolidate their political, economic, trade, and industrial ties, but in January 2016 Djibouti cut off all diplomatic relations with Iran due to tensions between Saudi Arabia and Iran.

Americas[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Brazil 1996
  • Brazil and Djibouti established diplomatic relations in 1996. In 2012, an Agreement on Technical Cooperation between the two countries was signed cooperation focus on areas of infrastructure, agriculture, environment, health, education, national solidarity, scientific research, and social development. A Brazilian company was building a port in the Djibouti funding from the United Arab Emirates.[8]
 Canada 1978
  • Canada established diplomatic relations with Djibouti in 1978 following its independence. Canada also has an Honorary Consul in Djibouti City. Both Montreal and Ottawa are home to organized Djiboutian diaspora communities, and there is an active community of returned Djiboutian-Canadians in Djibouti.[9]
 Cuba 1998
 United States 1977 See Djibouti-United States relations
  • Djibouti is a strategic partner of the United States in the Global War on Terrorism.
  • Djibouti has an embassy in Washington, DC and a consulate-general in New York.
  • United States has an embassy in Djibouti City, Djibouti.

International organisations[edit]

Djibouti is a member of the African Union, Arab League, La Francophonie, Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa, and the United Nations.

In 1996, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), a developmental organisation of seven countries in East Africa, established its headquarters in Djibouti City. IGAD's mandate is for regional cooperation and economic integration.

After the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, Djibouti joined the Global War on Terror. It is now home to the Camp Lemonnier military compound.

Djibouti is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1], South Africa Bilateral Relations with Djibouti
  2. ^ [2], Czech Republic Bilateral Relations with Djibouti, 2013-01-12
  3. ^ [3], Greece’s Bilateral Relations - DJIBOUTI, 2011-05-12
  4. ^ [4], Serbia Bilateral Relations with Djibouti, 2012-06-16
  5. ^ Recognition is confirmed by Djibouti, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-05-12
  6. ^ "Republika e Kosovës dhe Republika e Xhibutit vendosin marrëdhëniet diplomatike". mfa-ks.net. Retrieved 2013-03-22. 
  7. ^ http://www.mofa.go.kr/ENG/countries/middleeast/countries/20070804/1_24481.jsp?menu=m_30_50
  8. ^ [5], Brazil - Djibouti Relations – 1 September 2014
  9. ^ [6], Canada - Djibouti Relations – 24 September 2015
  10. ^ [7], Cuba and Djibouti to establish diplomatic ties – 21 November 1998

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/index.htm (Background Notes).

External links[edit]