Forest management

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Forest management is a branch of forestry concerned with overall administrative, economic, legal, and social aspects, as well as scientific and technical aspects, such as silviculture, protection, and forest regulation. This includes management for aesthetics, fish, recreation, urban values, water, wilderness, wildlife, wood products, forest genetic resources, and other forest resource values.[1] Management can be based on conservation, economics, or a mixture of the two. Techniques include timber extraction, planting and replanting of various species, cutting roads and pathways through forests, and preventing fire.

Definition[edit]

The forest is a natural system that can supply different products and services. The working of this system is influenced by the natural environment: climate, topography, soil, etc., and also by human activity. The actions of humans in forests constitute forest management.[citation needed] In developed societies, this management tends to be elaborated and planned in order to achieve the objectives that are considered desirable.[citation needed]

Some forests have been and are managed to obtain traditional forest products such as firewood, fiber for paper, and timber, with little thinking for other products and services. Nevertheless, as a result of the progression of environmental awareness, management of forests for multiple use is becoming more common.[2]

Public input and awareness[edit]

There has been increased public awareness of natural resource policy, including forest management. Public concern regarding forest management may have shifted from the extraction of timber for earning money for the economy, to the preservation of additional forest resources, including wildlife and old growth forest, protecting biodiversity, watershed management, and recreation. Increased environmental awareness may contribute to an increased public mistrust of forest management professionals.[3] But it can also lead to greater understanding about what professionals do re forests for nature conservation and ecological services. The importance of taking care of the forests for ecological as well as economical sustainable reasons has been shown in the TV show Ax Men.

Many tools like GIS and photogrammetry[4][5] modelling have been developed to improve forest inventory and management planning.[6]

Wildlife considerations[edit]

The abundance and diversity of birds, mammals, amphibians and other wildlife are affected by strategies and types of forest management.[7]

Management intensity[edit]

Forest management varies in intensity from a leave alone, natural situation to a highly intensive regime with silvicultural interventions. Management is generally increased in intensity to achieve either economic criteria (increased timber yields, non-timber forest products, ecosystem services) or ecological criteria (species recovery, fostering of rare species, carbon sequestration).[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Deforestation and increased road-building in the Amazon Rainforest are a significant concern because of increased human encroachment upon wild areas, increased resource extraction and further threats to biodiversity.
  1. ^ "Glossary of Forestry Terms in British Columbia" (pdf). Ministry of Forests and Range (Canada). March 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-06. 
  2. ^ Young, Raymond (1982). Introduction to Forest Science. John Wiley & sons. p. 207. ISBN 0471064386. 
  3. ^ Shindler, Bruce; Lori A. Cramer (January 1999). "Shifting Public Values for Forest Management: Making Sense of Wicked Problems". Western Journal of Applied Forestry (Society of American Foresters) 14 (1): 28–34. ISSN 0885-6095. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  4. ^ I. Balenovich, A. Seletkovich, et al. Comparison of Classical Terrestrial and Photogrammetric Method in Creating Management Division. FORMEC. Croatia 2012. P. 1-13.
  5. ^ I. Balenović, D. Vuletić, et al. Digital Photogrammetry — State of the Art and Potential for Application in Forest Management in Croatia. SEEFOR. South-East European Forestry. #2, 2011. Pp. 81-93.
  6. ^ Mozgeris, G. (2008) “The continuous field view of representing forest geographically: from cartographic representation towards improved management planning”. S.A.P.I.EN.S. 1 (2)
  7. ^ * Philip Joseph Burton. 2003. Towards sustainable management of the boreal forest 1039 pages
  8. ^ Classification of Forest Management Approaches: A New Conceptual Framework and Its Applicability to European Forestry Philipp S. Duncker 1, Susana M. Barreiro 2, Geerten M. Hengeveld 3, Torgny Lind 4, William L. Mason 5, Slawomir Ambrozy 6 and Heinrich Spiecker 1|http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol17/iss4/art51/