The plants portal
are a major group of life
forms and include familiar organisms
such as trees
, and green algae
. About 350,000 species
of plants, defined as seed plants
and fern allies
, are estimated to exist currently. As of 2004, some 287,655 species had been identified, of which 258,650 are flowering
and 15,000 bryophytes
. Green plants
, sometimes called metaphytes
, obtain most of their energy from sunlight
via a process called photosynthesis
Aristotle divided all living things between plants (which generally do not move), and animals (which often are mobile to catch their food). In Linnaeus' system, these became the Kingdoms Vegetabilia (later Metaphyta or Plantae) and Animalia (also called Metazoa). Since then, it has become clear that the Plantae as originally defined included several unrelated groups, and the fungi and several groups of algae were removed to new kingdoms. However, these are still often considered plants in many contexts, both technical and popular. Indeed, an attempt to perfectly match "plant" with a single taxon is problematic, because for most people the term plant is only vaguely related to the phylogenic concepts on which modern taxonomy and systematics are based.
or Common Mullein
) is a species of mullein
native to Europe
, northern Africa
, and introduced in the Americas
. It is a hairy biennial plant
that can grow to 2 m tall or more. Its small yellow flowers are densely grouped on the stem, which bolts from a large rosette of leaves. It grows in a wide variety of habitats, but prefers well-lit disturbed soils, where it can appear soon after the ground receives light, from long-lived seeds that persist in the soil seed bank
. It is a common weedy plant that spreads by prolifically producing seeds, but rarely becomes aggressively invasive
since its seeds require open ground to germinate
. It is a very minor problem for most agricultural crops since it is not a very competitive species, being intolerant of shade from other plants and unable to survive tilling. It however hosts many insects, some of which can be harmful to other plants. Although individuals are easy to remove by hand, populations are difficult to eliminate permanently. It is widely used for herbal remedies with emollient
properties, and especially recommended for coughs and related problems, but also used in topical
applications against a variety of skin problems. The plant was also used to make dyes
Sunflowers (Helianthus annuus) are annual plants native to the Americas, that possess a large inflorescence (flowering head). The outer florets are the sterile ray florets and can be yellow, maroon, orange, or other colors. The florets inside the circular head are called disc florets, which mature into seeds.
Did you know...
Tasks you can do
- Describe all families, genera and species of the kingdom Plantae.
- For species, describe botanical properties, distribution, multiplication, usage (medicine, food, etc.), botanical history, cultivation information.
- Develop and implement a robust method of naming plant article for the ease of navigation and searching for Wikipedia users.
- Maintain Category:Plants and its subcategories.