Garawa language

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RegionNorthern Territory, Australia
Native speakers
59 (2012) to 129 (2016 census)[1]
  • Garawa
Language codes
ISO 639-3wrk
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Garawa (or Garrwa, Gaarwa, Karawa, Leearrawa) is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken by the Garrwa people of northern Australia.



Front Back
High i u
Low a


Peripheral Laminal Apical
Bilabial Velar Palatal Alveolo-
Alveolar Retroflex
Stop p k c t ʈ
Nasal m ŋ ŋ̟ ɲ n ɳ
Lateral ʎ l ɭ
Rhotic r ɻ
Semivowel w j


  1. ^ "Census 2016, Language spoken at home by Sex (SA2+)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2017-10-29.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Garawa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Garawa at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  • Belfrage, H. (1992). Aspects of verb and pronoun morphology, semantics and syntax in Garrwa. BA honours sub-thesis. University of Melbourne.
  • Furby, Christine E. (1972). "The pronominal system of Garawa". Oceanic Linguistics. University of Hawai'i Press. 11 (1): 1–31. doi:10.2307/3622731. JSTOR 3622731.
  • Furby, Edward S.; Furby, Christine E. (1977). A preliminary analysis of Garawa phrases and clauses. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. Series B, no. 42.
  • Mushin, Ilana. 2012. A grammar of Garrwa. Berlin: de Gruyter.

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