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God of War (2018 video game)

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God of War
Cover art featuring Kratos and his son Atreus
Developer(s)SIE Santa Monica Studio
Publisher(s)Sony Interactive Entertainment
Director(s)Cory Barlog
Producer(s)
  • Elizabeth Dahm Wang
  • Sean Llewellyn
  • Chad Cox
  • Eric Fong
Designer(s)Derek Daniels
Programmer(s)Florian Strauss
Writer(s)
  • Matt Sophos
  • Richard Zangrande Gaubert
  • Cory Barlog
Composer(s)Bear McCreary
SeriesGod of War
Platform(s)PlayStation 4
ReleaseApril 20, 2018
Genre(s)Action-adventure
Mode(s)Single-player

God of War[a] is an action-adventure video game developed by Santa Monica Studio and published by Sony Interactive Entertainment (SIE). Released on April 20, 2018, for the PlayStation 4 (PS4) console, it is the eighth installment in the God of War series, the eighth chronologically, and the sequel to 2010's God of War III. Unlike previous games, which were loosely based on Greek mythology, this installment is loosely based on Norse mythology, with the majority of it set in ancient Norway in the realm of Midgard. For the first time in the series, there are two main protagonists: Kratos, the former Greek God of War who remains as the only playable character, and his young son Atreus; at times, the player may passively control him. Following the death of Kratos' second wife and Atreus' mother, they journey to fulfill her promise to spread her ashes at the highest peak of the nine realms. Kratos keeps his troubled past a secret from Atreus, who is unaware of his divine nature. Along their journey, they encounter monsters and gods of the Norse world.

Described by creative director Cory Barlog as a reimagining of the franchise, a major gameplay change is that Kratos prominently uses a magical battle axe instead of his signature double-chained blades. God of War also uses an over-the-shoulder free camera, with the game in one shot, as opposed to the fixed cinematic camera of the previous entries. This was the first time a three-dimensional AAA game utilized a one-shot camera. The game also includes role-playing video game elements, and Kratos' son Atreus provides assistance in combat. The majority of the original game's development team worked on God of War and designed it to be accessible and grounded. A separate short text-based game, A Call from the Wilds, was released in February 2018 and follows Atreus on his first adventure.

God of War received universal acclaim for its narrative, world design, art direction, music, graphics, characters, and combat system. Many reviewers felt that it had successfully revitalized the series without losing the core identity of its predecessors. It received a number of perfect review scores, tying it with the original God of War (2005) as the highest-rated game in the series, as well as one of the highest-rated PlayStation 4 games of all time on review aggregator Metacritic. The game performed well commercially, selling over five million copies within a month of release, also making it one of the best-selling PlayStation 4 games of all time. Among other awards and nominations, God of War was named "Game of the Year" by several media outlets and award shows. A novelization of the game was released in August 2018, followed by a four-issue prequel comic series that began publication in November.

Gameplay[edit]

God of War is a third-person action-adventure video game. It features an over-the-shoulder free camera, a departure from the previous installments, which featured a fixed cinematic camera (with the exception of 2007's two-dimensional side-scroller Betrayal).[6] Cinematographically, the game is presented in a continuous shot, with no camera cuts or loading screens.[7] Although the previous main installment, Ascension (2013), introduced multiplayer to the series, this installment is single-player-only.[4] The game is open, but it is not open world.[8] Due to its openness, players can fast travel to different locations.[9] Swimming, an ability in previous games, was cut,[10] and players instead use a boat to traverse bodies of water.[9] Unlike previous games, which allowed players to freely jump at anytime, jumping can now only be done at designated areas, such as at a rockface or ledge. Throughout the game, players battle Norse mythological foes, such as dark elves, wulvers, draugrs,[11] as well as Gullveig and the revenants, beings warped by seiðr magic, among many others.[12] Valkyries appear as optional boss battles, and among the many side quests, players can free the imprisoned dragons Fáfnir, Otr, and Reginndwarfs that were turned into dragons—in addition to battling one called Hræzlyr, a story-based boss battle.[9][13]

The player controls the character Kratos in combo-based combat and puzzle game elements. The gameplay is vastly different from the previous games, as it was rebuilt from the ground up.[8] A major change is that Kratos no longer uses his signature double-chained blades, the Blades of Chaos, as his default weapon. Instead, he uses a magical battle axe, called the Leviathan Axe,[14] which is infused with ice elemental magic. The axe can be thrown at enemies and magically summoned back to his hand (similar to Thor's hammer Mjölnir). Larger enemies have precision targets and throwing the axe at those targets stuns the enemy. The weapon can also be thrown at environmental objects to trigger a damaging explosion and it can freeze objects and some enemies in place for puzzle solving until the axe is summoned back to Kratos' hand. The axe has standard light and heavy attacks, and over time, it can be upgraded with runes to allow for special runic attacks, with one slot being for a light runic attack and the other for heavy. This provides players with a variety of options to cater to their own play style.[15] Another new weapon that Kratos utilizes is the Guardian Shield. When not in use, it folds up and appears like a vambrace on Kratos' left forearm. When summoned, the shield can be used offensively and defensively, similar to the Golden Fleece in previous games.[16] Kratos also utilizes hand-to-hand combat, a feature originally introduced in Ascension.[6] The Blades of Chaos, infused with fire elemental magic, are acquired late into the game via a plot device and perform similarly as they did in previous installments, but can also be upgraded with light and heavy runic attacks.[17]

Pre-release gameplay screenshot of God of War, taken from the trailer shown at E3 2016: Kratos (center) and his son Atreus (right) are battling a troll. Atreus can assist in combat, such as firing lightning arrows on the player's command.

Similar to previous games, there is a "Rage" ability called Spartan Rage. Like the previous versions, the Rage ability has a meter that gradually fills during combat. With this ability, Kratos uses powerful bare-handed attacks, as opposed to weapons, to greatly damage enemies. The game also features elements similar to role-playing video games (RPGs).[6][18] There are crafting resources for the player to find that allow them to create new or upgrade existing armor with better perks.[19] Players also accumulate a currency called Hacksilver, a key component in crafting and purchasing new items. Experience points (XP) are used for learning new combat skills.[18] Throughout the game world, players find chests containing random items, such as Hacksilver and enchantments for improving armor and weapons, as well as two special items, Iðunn's Apples and Horns of Blood Mead, which increase the maximum length of the health and rage meters, respectively. The meters are replenished by green and red orbs, respectively, found throughout the game world and dropped by downed foes.[20] Quick time events have changed from previous games.[8] Enemies display two meters above their heads, one for health (the color of which indicates the enemy's difficulty) and the other for stun. Filling up the stun meter helps to defeat more difficult enemies. When the stun meter is full, a grab-prompt will appear. Depending on the enemy, Kratos may rip it in half or grab them and throw them into other enemies, among other possible outcomes.[21]

Although the game is played entirely as Kratos,[22] there are times when the player may choose to passively control Kratos' son, Atreus. One button is dedicated to Atreus and its use depends on the context. For example, if the player needs assistance, they can look at an enemy, press the button, and Atreus will use his Talon Bow to shoot arrows at the enemy.[23] The arrows have little effect on an enemy's health, but do increase the stun meter.[21] Over the course of the game, Atreus helps in combat, traversal, exploration, and puzzle-solving. When facing a large number of enemies, he distracts the weaker ones as Kratos fights the stronger ones.[19] If too many enemies gang up on Atreus, he is knocked out for the remainder of that combat. Just like Kratos, Atreus acquires new skills, armor, special arrows, such as lightning arrows, as well as runic attacks for his Talon Bow, but it only has one slot instead of two. Atreus' runic attacks summon different spectral animals with different abilities. For example, one summons a wolf that attacks enemies, while another summons the squirrel Ratatoskr that will dig up orbs for the aforementioned health and rage meters.[24]

Synopsis[edit]

Setting[edit]

While the first seven games were loosely based on Greek mythology, this installment takes the series to Norse mythology.[25] Six of the nine realms of Norse mythology can be explored. Predating the Vikings,[23][26] the majority of the game takes place in ancient Norway in the realm of Midgard, inhabited by humans and other creatures and is the same realm that the Greek world had existed in. As more creatures began appearing, many humans fled. Other realms visited as part of the story include Alfheim, the mystical home of the light and dark elves, Helheim, the icy land of the dead, and Jötunheim, the mountainous land of the giants. Optional explorable realms include Niflheim, a realm of poisonous fog with a maze-like structure of rewards, and the fire realm Muspelheim, featuring the six Trials of Muspelheim; completing each trial grants rewards and advances Kratos and Atreus closer to the top of a large volcano. Access to the other three realms—Asgard, home of the Æsir gods, Vanaheim, home of the Vanir gods, and Svartalfheim, home of the dwarves—have been blocked by the ruler of Asgard and the Æsir gods, Odin.[27] At the center of the realms is the mythical tree Yggdrasil, which connects each realm together. Although each realm is a different world, they simultaneously exist in the same space. Travel to and from realms can be done by the use of the Bifröst from a root of Yggdrasil contained within a temple located at the center of the Lake of the Nine. The temple was created by the now dead Týr, a peaceful God of War who had traveled to other lands and learned about their mythologies; Odin had him killed as he believed Týr was secretly aiding the giants and would try to overthrow him.[25]

Characters[edit]

The protagonists of the game are Kratos (voiced by Christopher Judge) and his young son Atreus (Sunny Suljic). Kratos is a warrior originally from Sparta who became the Greek God of War and is the son of Zeus. After ending up in ancient Norway, he met his second and now deceased wife, Laufey (addressed as Faye), and they bore their son, Atreus, who does not know about Kratos' past or his divine nature, but can hear other beings' thoughts. The main antagonist is the Æsir god Baldur (Jeremy Davies), the brother of Thor, whose sons Modi and Magni (Nolan North and Troy Baker, respectively) assist Baldur. His parents are Odin and the Vanir god Freya (Danielle Bisutti). Freya tried leaving Odin, as she did not truly love him, and Odin had her banished to Midgard, after which she became known as the Witch of the Woods. To protect her son from a prophecy that foretold his death, Freya cast a spell of immortality on Baldur, which also caused him to not feel pain or any feeling of pleasure, which he resented her for. The only thing that she could not prevent from breaking the spell was mistletoe, which she kept secret. Other characters include Mímir (Alastair Duncan), who claims to be the smartest man alive, and the Huldra Brothers, Brok (Robert Craighead) and Sindri (Adam J. Harrington), a pair of dwarves who appear at various points in the world and assist Kratos and Atreus with forging new gear. Their weapons, including Thor's hammer Mjölnir, were used by the Æsir gods and they also had forged Kratos' Leviathan Axe, which originally belonged to Faye, who also gifted Kratos his Guardian Shield.[14] The spirit of the Greek goddess Athena (Carole Ruggier) makes a cameo appearance, and Zeus (Corey Burton) appears as an illusion to Kratos in Helheim.[28]

Plot[edit]

Many years have passed since Kratos took his vengeance against the Olympian gods,[b] and he now lives with his young son Atreus in ancient Norway in the realm of Midgard. The game opens following the death of Kratos' second wife and Atreus' mother, Faye, whose last wish was for her ashes to be spread at the highest peak of the nine realms. Before starting their journey, Kratos is confronted by a mysterious man with godlike powers. After seemingly killing him, Kratos and Atreus begin their journey.

Reaching the Lake of the Nine, Kratos and Atreus encounter the friendly World Serpent, Jörmungandr, the last remaining giant. After running into impenetrable black mist which can only be extinguished with the Light of Alfheim, they receive aid from the Witch of the Woods to use the Bifröst in order to travel to Alfheim and secure the Light. Upon vanquishing the mist and reaching Midgard's peak, they overhear a conversation between the mysterious man, revealed to be Baldur, his nephews Modi and Magni, and the imprisoned Mímir. After they leave, Kratos and Atreus confront Mímir, who reveals that their goal is actually in Jötunheim, but travel there has been blocked to keep out Odin and Thor. Mímir, however, knows another passage. He instructs Kratos to cut off his head and have it revived by the Witch of the Woods, revealed to be Freya. Kratos immediately distrusts her, but both Freya and Mímir warn him that he must tell Atreus about his true nature.

Kratos, Atreus, and Mímir's head journey to collect needed components to open Jötunheim's portal when they are attacked by Modi and Magni. After Kratos kills Magni, Modi flees, but later returns and ambushes them. Atreus collapses ill, which Mímir and Freya explain is a mental contradiction of a god believing himself to be mortal. She tells Kratos that he must retrieve the heart of the Keeper of the Bridge of the Damned in Helheim, but his Leviathan Axe is useless there. Kratos then returns home to unearth his old weapons, the Blades of Chaos, and is haunted by Athena's spirit, who goads him about his past. After retrieving the heart, he has a haunting vision of Zeus. Atreus is cured and Kratos tells him that he is a god. Atreus then becomes increasingly arrogant on their journey, and he murders a weakened Modi, despite Kratos ordering not to. At Midgard's peak, they are ambushed by Baldur, resulting in Jötunheim's portal being destroyed and the group falling into Helheim.

Atreus makes amends with Kratos and they find out about Freya and Baldur's familial relationship. Returning to Midgard, Mímir realizes there is another way to reach Jötunheim, but it requires recovering his missing eye. After obtaining it from Jörmungandr's belly, who had inadvertently swallowed it when he ate a statue of Thor, they are attacked by Baldur again, but Freya intervenes in an attempt to protect her son. During the fight, Baldur is pierced by Atreus' mistletoe arrow, breaking Freya's spell on him. Baldur is defeated, and although Kratos gives him an opportunity to retreat, he instead attempts to strangle Freya, forcing Kratos to kill him. A grieving Freya swears revenge on Kratos and taunts him about hiding his true nature from Atreus. Kratos finally tells Atreus about his past and how he had killed his fellow Greek gods, including his father Zeus. Atreus laments whether all that gods are good for is committing parricide. Kratos tells Atreus that they should both learn from their experiences and not repeat the mistakes of their predecessors. A silent Freya leaves with Baldur's corpse and Mímir hopefully suggests that she will eventually move on from the tragedy and that Kratos did the right thing.

In Jötunheim, they find a temple with a mural depicting their adventures, showing that the giants had foreseen everything that would happen and vaguely foretold what was to come. In addition, they discover that Faye was a giant who decided to stay behind in Midgard, making Atreus part giant, god, and mortal. Their fight with Baldur was shown, revealing he was actually after Faye the whole time. It is also revealed that Atreus was named Loki by his mother. Wondering if Faye planned this in advance, Kratos and Atreus fulfill their promise and spread her ashes at the peak, overlooking a valley of giants' corpses. Afterwards, Kratos reveals to Atreus that his given name was also the name of a compassionate Spartan comrade. When they return to Midgard, Mímir warns them that the three-year long Fimbulwinter has started, meaning Ragnarök is soon to follow, which was not supposed to occur for another hundred years.

In the game's secret ending, Kratos and Atreus return home and slumber. Atreus has a vision that at the end of Fimbulwinter, Thor will arrive at their home to confront them.

Development[edit]

Development on the next God of War began in 2014, which was confirmed by Santa Monica Studio's creative director Cory Barlog at the first annual PlayStation Experience on December 6, 2014. Barlog said that the game was in very early development and that it would not be a prequel, but possibly a reboot.[29] In April 2016, Polygon reported that concept art of the next installment had been leaked. The images showed Kratos in the world of Norse mythology; a concept originally considered by series creator David Jaffe after Kratos eliminated the Greek gods.[30] The game's official announcement came at the 2016 Electronic Entertainment Expo (E3) with a gameplay demo that confirmed the concept art to be true. The demo showed a fully bearded Kratos with a son, and Kratos was teaching the boy how to hunt. The pair also battled a troll. The end of the demo showed the title God of War and confirmed it was in development for the PlayStation 4.[6][1] E3 also confirmed that Barlog had returned to the series as game director for the new installment. Barlog had been a major contributor in the development of the God of War series since the original installment in 2005, with his prior most notable role being game director of God of War II (2007). This new installment was his fifth God of War game.[23]

In naming the game, Barlog stated that it was deliberately titled God of War with no numeral or subtitle because although it is a continuation of the series, "we are reimagining everything."[25][22] Head of Santa Monica Studio, Shannon Studstill, and Barlog said that Sony Interactive Entertainment had to be convinced to do another God of War game as a lot of people at Sony wanted the series to "sleep and rest" due to the lackluster response of the previous game, Ascension.[31] In explaining why Barlog was brought back, Studstill said that he knew the series very well, "and bringing in someone that understands that history is the respect the franchise deserves."[10] Barlog followed up with "You gotta know the rules to break the rules."[10] Series creator David Jaffe was also considered, but was unavailable.[32]

In explaining the transition from Greek mythology to Norse mythology, Barlog said: "it's kind of this BC–AD change over kind of thing. We're moving and starting from zero and kind of moving forward on that."[25][22] Before settling on Norse mythology, Egyptian mythology was also considered. Barlog said that half of the team was for it, but since "there's a lot more about civilization – it's less isolated, less barren", he had to make the decision and decided on the Norse setting because they wanted the focus to stay on Kratos: "Having too much around distracts from that central theme of a stranger in a strange land."[26] In explaining why Kratos was now in the Norse world, Barlog said that different cultures' belief systems coexisted, but they were "separated by geography", suggesting that Kratos traveled from Greece to Norway (Scandinavia) after the conclusion of God of War III;[33] in clarifying the conclusion of that game, Barlog said that Kratos did not destroy what was believed to be the entire world, but only the portion that was ruled over by the Greeks.[9] Barlog said that the new game predates the Vikings; it is the time in which their gods walked the Earth.[23][26] It was also confirmed that this would not be Kratos' last game.[4] Barlog said that future games could see the series tackling Egyptian or Mayan mythology,[31] and that although this game focuses on Norse mythology, it alludes to the fact that there are other mythologies co-existing in the world.[34] Barlog also said that he liked the idea of having different directors for each game, seen throughout the first seven games, and although he may not direct another God of War, he would still be at Santa Monica to work on future games.[9]

Most of the development team that worked on the original God of War worked on the new installment.[25] They claimed that they matched the new gameplay with the same level of accessibility as the previous installments.[8] It was confirmed that the game would not feature any morality system or branching story; all players have the same story experience. The developers also confirmed that some of the more controversial mini-games found in previous entries (such as the sex mini-game) would not return.[25] The enemy count was increased to up to 100 enemies on-screen; God of War III and Ascension could do up to 50.[25] Some gameplay characteristics found in the previous installments were cut, such as jumping, swimming, and instant-death platforming challenges; these were cut due to the camera being closer to Kratos.[10] Although the previous installment, Ascension, introduced multiplayer to the series, the team decided to drop the mode to focus on the single-player experience.[5] In changing the gameplay, Studstill said "I felt like, in order to reinvent, we really needed to turn a lot of things around."[35] In regard to the camera change, Barlog said they wanted a more intimate and player-controlled experience.[8]

The entire game was done in a single shot, as in no camera cuts, meaning there are no loading screens or fade-to-black between gameplay and cutscenes.[19] Barlog said that about forty percent of the team did not originally agree with this decision due to the increased work and production to implement the feature, especially since this was the first time that a one-shot technique was being used for a three-dimensional AAA game, meaning Barlog had no examples to show if this would work or was a good idea. (The only other game to fully utilize this technique was the indie game Hellblade: Senua's Sacrifice, which also began development in 2014 and was released eight months before God of War.[36]) After the game was finished and the team got to play through it, Barlog said they finally understood his vision and said that it was a feature they should use from now on.[37] Barlog had originally pitched the idea for a one-shot camera while he was at Crystal Dynamics working on 2013's Tomb Raider, but was turned down. Sony, on the other hand, was much more supportive of Barlog's creative ideas.[38]

Explaining Kratos' axe, lead gameplay designer Jason McDonald, who had worked on the series since the original game, said the axe was chosen because they wanted a more grounded direction for the game. Initially, they were unsure how to make it unique, like how the double-chained blades were. After they came up with the concept of throwing the axe and having it return to Kratos, "things started to fall into place."[39] McDonald said that combat with the axe is a little slower than the blades, "but it's just as fluid and just as brutal as it's ever been."[39] Barlog took inspiration from Dark Souls (2011), which influenced the game's combat system, particularly its gameplay loop and strategic decision-making,[40] as well as the game's approach to storytelling.[41] In addition, designers Anthony DiMento and Luis Sanchez revealed how God of War's level design and exploration was influenced by Bloodborne (2015), as they wanted to "just have the world breathe a little bit" and expand upon player discovery by including "micro-loops where you're unlocking paths, unlocking shortcuts" that gave purpose.[42] DiMento said that a team dedicated to focusing on the game's exploration was formed. One challenge was creating quests in a world that did not have non-playable characters outside of the core narrative. DiMento said "I set out to create a quest giver that was light-weight, but also flexible enough to be used in multiple locations, while providing a varied suite of quest activities." This resulted in the "wayward spirits" (ghosts with ties to the world) found throughout the game. Having the spirits tell their stories "made [the world] feel more alive". The developers ended up with a four-tiered system for side quests: the top tier quests were from the characters Brok and Sindri, the next level from wayward spirits, then treasure maps and artifacts, and the bottom tier were milestones, such as destroying all of Odin's ravens. Brok and Sindri's quests were made into dungeons while the others were used for exploration. The developers also had to find the reasons that would motivate Kratos to do these quests. For Brok and Sindri, it was to obtain more powerful gear, but for the wayward spirits, it was because of Atreus' naiveté and kind-hearted nature, as well as opportunities for Kratos to teach Atreus a lesson.[13]

Unlike the previous games, Santa Monica did not make a demo specifically for public release. Barlog explained that doing so would have delayed the game by a couple of months.[43] He also confirmed that the game was built for the standard PlayStation 4,[43] but the game would "benefit from the power" of the PlayStation 4 Pro; an updated version of the PlayStation 4 that can render games in 4K and was released a few months after God of War was announced.[44] Players with a PS4 Pro have two options to either favor resolution or favor performance when playing the game. Favoring resolution runs the game in 4K with checkerboard rendering at a target frame rate of 30 frames per second (fps), while the performance option runs the game at 1080p and targets 60fps.[45] In late December 2016, Barlog confirmed that the game was playable from start to finish,[46] and later said that the game's story would take 25–35 hours to complete, which is significantly more than the previous four main installments, which each took an average of 10 hours to complete.[47]

A new trailer was shown at E3 2017, featuring new gameplay, cinematics, and characters. In the trailer, Kratos was shown using a shield that he could use offensively and defensively. At one point in the trailer, Kratos finds a Greek vase with himself on it, wielding his infamous double-chained blades. During the trailer, an unnamed woman warns Kratos about the Norse gods, as they know what he did to the Greek gods, while a pair of wolves were also shown. The trailer ends with Kratos and Atreus encountering the World Serpent. Atreus was able to translate what it said, which was that it wanted to help the pair. It was confirmed that the game would release in early 2018.[16] Since then until the game's launch, Santa Monica included a section on the God of War website titled "The Lost Pages", detailing some of the lore of God of War's Nordic world.[14] In January 2018, the game's release date was confirmed for April 20, 2018. A trailer was also released that showed that the character Mímir from the mythology would have a role in the game.[48] God of War went gold on March 22.[49]

Characterization[edit]

Christopher Judge does the voice and cinematic motion capture for Kratos in the game, replacing longstanding voice actor Terrence C. Carson, who had voiced Kratos since the original 2005 game, and also did the motion capture for him in 2013's Ascension

During early development, there was talk about having a different protagonist for the game, but it was decided to keep Kratos. Referencing the Nintendo character Mario and the Mario games, Barlog said that just like Mario, "Kratos is intrinsically tied" to the God of War series.[23] In regards to the new changes, Barlog said that:

I knew I didn't want to simply reboot the franchise, starting over with a retelling of the origin story. I wanted to reimagine the gameplay, give players a fresh perspective and a new tactile experience while delving deeper into the emotional journey of Kratos to explore the compelling drama that unfolds when an immortal demigod makes a decision to change.[50]

Barlog explained that Kratos had to change his cycle of violence and learn how to control his rage. He said that Kratos had made many bad decisions, which led to the destruction of Olympus, and wanted to know what would happen if Kratos made a good decision. The birth of Barlog's own son influenced the idea of Kratos' character change.[50] The canceled live-action Star Wars television series was also an influence.[51] The bond between Kratos and his son is at the heart of the game, and Barlog said "This game is about Kratos teaching his son how to be a god, and his son teaching Kratos how to be human again."[19] Referencing the Marvel Comics character Hulk, Barlog said that in regards to Kratos, "We've already told the story of The Hulk. We want to tell the story of [Bruce] Banner now."[19] One of their goals was to make Kratos "a more nuanced and interesting character."[52] In changing the narrative focus, Studstill said "I think we inherently knew the franchise needed to evolve in that emotional beat and be something meatier for the older generation of gamers."[52]

Christopher Judge, best known as Teal'c from Stargate SG-1, replaced T.C. Carson as the voice of Kratos; Carson had voiced Kratos since the original God of War. Commenting in response to the change, Carson said, "Sony went in a new direction."[53] Barlog explained that the way the previous games were made, they were able to have someone else do the motion capture instead of the voice actor. Although Carson had done the motion capture for Kratos in Ascension, Barlog said the actor change was made because of the type of camera work they wanted to do. For the new camera work, they needed someone who was closer to Kratos' size to do the motion capture along with a child. Carson was unsuitable for this because he was much shorter than Kratos, who is over 6-feet tall: "Offsetting [Carson's height] for the size of a child, it turned out it was going to be almost impossible to try and actually shoot them and go in and redo the animations."[54] Judge was chosen because he was 6-foot-3 and had the body of a professional football player. He was also chosen because of the chemistry with his then-10-year-old co-star, Sunny Suljic, who plays Kratos' son Atreus; Suljic's opinion was also sought in making the decision, and out of all the auditions, he liked Judge the most. The two bonded well, and Judge described his time with Suljic as time he had missed with his own children. In stepping into the role of Kratos, Judge took it as an opportunity to add something new to the character. He researched the character and Carson's performance, but decided not to imitate it. Since Santa Monica was going in a new direction, he decided to start fresh. Judge was thrown off when he first read the script, stating it "was a real script", and not just "a way to get into battles."[54] He said "it was really this great story of this relationship and this crazy mythology."[54] While Judge did all of Kratos' motion capture for the cinematic scenes, stuntman Eric Jacobus did all of Kratos' combat motion capture; Jacobus was found by God of War's animators on YouTube. Instead of going directly to Santa Monica to audition, Jacobus recorded an audition tape and they immediately hired him.[55]

During E3 2016, GameSpot mistakenly reported that Kratos' son's name was Charlie, which Barlog laughingly denied.[56] In January 2017, after a fan downloaded the God of War overture and saw the track's details that said "An introduction to Kratos and Atreus", Barlog confirmed on Twitter that Atreus was in fact the son's name.[57] Barlog said that Atreus was unaware that Kratos was a demigod, and did not know about his past.[4] They did not reveal details of Atreus' mother prior to release due to her being a critical part of the story.[25] Barlog stated that during gameplay, Atreus would be "like magic, an additional combat resource, and [the player is] training him and teaching him."[23] The developers stated that Atreus would not be a burden during gameplay.[14] The team experimented with several different approaches for Atreus to ensure that he was an empowering presence. Barlog said he did not want the game to be an escort-mission where the A.I. caused a problem for the player. Their goal was for Atreus to enhance Kratos' capabilities without Atreus becoming a liability. This resulted in the developers designating a command button for Atreus as well as for him to act freely.[21] During combat, Atreus was also designed to call out enemy locations, as due to the camera being closer to Kratos, some enemies may be difficult for the player to see. Jason McDonald said it took a lot of iterations with the enemies and Atreus to make it all work together.[39]

Early in development, it was suggested for Atreus to be cut or to significantly minimize his role due to the many developmental challenges and financial expense. Barlog stated that the game could have worked without Atreus, but it would have been completely different, likening it to that of the 2013 film All Is Lost. Barlog said that with just Kratos, it would have been "one character who talks to himself occasionally, but generally, it will be very silent and everyone will talk in old Norse, so that you won't understand anything anybody's saying."[58] After hearing Barlog's case, Sony gave him the freedom to incorporate Atreus. Lead level designer Rob Davis also noted that with Atreus, it allowed for "significant gameplay and storytelling opportunities that might not otherwise [been] possible."[58] After God of War was revealed at E3 2016, it drew comparisons to Naughty Dog's The Last of Us (2013), a game that also featured a father-child type story and gameplay. Barlog felt that it was "fantastic" to be compared to that game and found it odd that some people considered the similarities to be a negative thing. Although he did not directly state that they were influenced by The Last of Us in developing God of War, he did say "I think we're all inspired by each other."[59]

Soundtrack[edit]

God of War (PlayStation Soundtrack)
Soundtrack album by
ReleasedApril 20, 2018 (2018-04-20)
GenreContemporary classical music
Length1:19:00
LabelSony Classical Records

God of War (PlayStation Soundtrack) was released on April 20, 2018 by Sony Classical Records. The soundtrack was composed by Bear McCreary, who is best known for his work on television shows such as Battlestar Galactica and The Walking Dead.[60] McCreary was called into Santa Monica Studio in November 2014 to meet with music producers Peter Scaturro and Keith Leary to discuss "a secret project"; McCreary had previously collaborated with Scaturro and Leary on 2011's SOCOM 4: U.S. Navy SEALs. Ideas of folk music, mythology, Nordic ethnic instruments, vocal writing, and classical thematic development were discussed, to which McCreary correctly guessed that the discussions were about a new God of War. He met with Barlog early on, and they discussed Barlog's narrative vision for the game. After meeting with Barlog, McCreary felt that the franchise was in good hands because God of War II, which Barlog also directed, was his favorite installment.[61]

During initial discussions, McCreary realized that he needed to compose completely new music for the game and not reuse any previous music from the series.[62] He said that although he loved those games, he "would not describe them as emotionally dynamic."[63] Based on his memory of the previous games' music, however, he was inspired by their sounds, such as "deep choirs, pounding drums, and shrieking brass", and reinvented them for the Nordic setting.[62] In ensuring that the music represented the setting, McCreary spent months researching and listening to folk music of Viking antiquity,[63] which resulted in him using "exotic instrumentation and languages from various Northern European folk traditions."[62] He also wanted the score to be huge and varied, "full of peaks and valleys, tiny incantations and gigantic set pieces."[63] The main Kratos theme in particular features low orchestral instruments, Icelandic choir, deep male vocals, powerful female vocals (in particular Faroese singer Eivør Pálsdóttir), folk percussion, and Nordic stringed instruments, such as the nyckelharpa and hurdy gurdy.[61] The track "Witch of the Woods" uses a renaissance and baroque instrument called a viola da gamba, which is an ancestor of the modern cello. The Stranger's theme, found in the track "Deliverance", uses a Hardanger fiddle.[64]

The first theme composed for the game was "Memories of Mother". McCreary said the theme itself was not originally for Atreus' mother Faye, but it was actually for Kratos himself. His initial sketches were different variations of this melancholy tune. After the game went into full production, McCreary and the development team realized it was "too sad and lyrical to represent Kratos." McCreary stepped away from this theme and focused on writing a new one, or what he called the Kratos Theme, which he felt was more representative of the character: "masculine, relentless, and badass".[62] He spent several months working with Barlog, Scaturro, Leary, Sony music director Chuck Doud, and the rest of the development team in making this new theme. McCreary described it as "arguably one of my most structurally satisfying and catchy melodies."[61] After further scoring, McCreary realized that Faye would require a theme, and his original one was "exactly [what] I needed." This melody was woven throughout several scenes and is featured as prominently in the game as Kratos' theme.[62] The three-note Kratos theme is most obviously heard in the title track, "God of War".[64]

When it was decided that God of War would be revealed at E3 2016, Sony wanted McCreary to perform his original score with a live orchestra at the press conference. McCreary opened the show with the new main theme before the unveiling of God of War, and performed the gameplay demo's music live during the presentation.[61] On January 13, 2017, a live recording from E3 2016 of God of War's overture was released for free for a limited time. Barlog released the overture as a thank you to fans for God of War's E3 2016 trailer reaching fifteen million views on YouTube.[65]

Release[edit]

The game was released worldwide on April 20, 2018, for the PlayStation 4.[48] In addition to the standard base game, there were three special editions: the Stone Mason Edition, the Collector's Edition, and the Digital Deluxe Edition. Only available in the United States and Canada, the Stone Mason Edition came with several physical items, including the base game in a SteelBook case, a 9-inch (230 mm) statue of Kratos and Atreus that was created by Gentle Giant, 2-inch (51 mm) carvings of the Huldra Brothers, a horse, and a troll, an exclusive lithograph, a cloth map, a stone mason's ring, and a keychain of Mímir's head that talks. There was also various downloadable content (DLC), including an exclusive shield skin, in addition to an armor set and another shield skin for Kratos, a PlayStation 4 dynamic theme, a digital artbook, and God of War #0 by Dark Horse Comics.[66] The Collector's Edition came with many of the same items, minus the ring, the keychain, the carvings of the horse and troll, and the exclusive shield skin. The Digital Deluxe Edition comes with all of the digital content, minus the exclusive shield skin. U.S. and Canadian customers also received a Kratos and Atreus pin for pre-ordering the Digital Deluxe Edition. Pre-orders at select retailers received three skins for Kratos' shield, while pre-orders from GameStop or EB Games also received the "Luck of Ages XP Talisman", granting increased XP gain, increased Hacksilver gain, and increased ability to trigger perks.[67]

In addition to the special editions of the game, a Limited Edition PlayStation 4 Pro bundle was available the same day as the game's release. The bundle included the standard base game, a PlayStation 4 Pro console decorated with the runes as on Kratos' axe, and a similarly themed DualShock 4 controller with the God of War logo.[68] Game Director Cory Barlog confirmed that God of War would not have microtransactions post-launch, a feature that has become prominent with other recent games and negatively criticized.[69] An official novelization of the game, written by Cory Barlog's father, James Barlog, was released on August 28, 2018 by Titan Books.[70] An audiobook version is also available, narrated by Alastair Duncan, who voiced Mímir in the game.[71] Among the various digital content in the collector's editions was God of War #0 from Dark Horse Comics. Issue #1 was published in print on November 14, 2018. Written by Chris Roberson with art by Tony Parker, the four-part miniseries takes place between the events of God of War III and the 2018 game.[72][73]

Since launch, Santa Monica has supported the game via patch updates to address software bugs. Additionally, the developers have added new features along with these free updates. A Photo Mode was released as part of update patch 1.20 on May 9, 2018. Photo Mode allows players to take customized in-game screenshots. Players can adjust the field of view, depth of view, filters, borders, the visibility of characters, and the ability to change the facial expressions of Kratos and Atreus.[74] At E3 2018, a New Game Plus mode was confirmed,[75] and was released as part of update patch 1.30 on August 20, 2018. In order for players to access the mode, they must have completed the game on any difficulty. The mode itself can be played on any difficulty, but enemies are higher leveled with new maneuvers. All obtained items carry over to New Game Plus, and there are new resources to further upgrade gear, which also have a new rarity level. The option to skip cutscenes was also added.[76][77]

God of War: A Call from the Wilds[edit]

God of War: A Call from the Wilds is a text-based game playable through Facebook Messenger. To help further promote God of War, Sony partnered with Facebook to develop the play-by-web game, which released on February 1, 2018. Completing the game unlocks downloadable concept art. The short story follows Atreus on his first adventure in the Norse wilds. After archery training and learning runes with his mother, Atreus adventures into the wilderness after telepathically hearing the voice of a dying deer; he finds it covered in blood and stays with it during its final moments. A couple of draugrs appear and Atreus attempts to fight them, but is injured. He is saved by his father, Kratos, who was out hunting. The two then battle a revenant before returning home.[78][79][80]

Reception[edit]

Reception
Aggregate score
AggregatorScore
Metacritic94/100[81]
Review scores
PublicationScore
Destructoid10/10[82]
EGM9.5/10[83]
Game Informer9.75/10[84]
Game Revolution5/5 stars[85]
GameSpot9/10[86]
GamesRadar+5/5 stars[87]
Giant Bomb5/5 stars[88]
IGN10/10[89]
Polygon10/10[90]
The Guardian5/5 stars[91]
USgamer5/5 stars[92]

God of War received "universal acclaim" according to review aggregator Metacritic,[81] tying it with the original God of War for the highest score in the franchise. It has the fourth-highest score of all-time for a PlayStation 4 game, and the highest score for an original, non-remastered PlayStation 4 exclusive.[93] It was the highest rated PlayStation 4 game of 2018 until the release of Red Dead Redemption 2 in October, which pushed God of War to second.[94] It is also tied with the Xbox One version of Celeste for the second-highest score of 2018, regardless of platform.[95] God of War received particular praise for its art direction, graphics, combat system, music, story, use of Norse mythology, characters, and cinematic feeling. Many also felt that it had successfully revitalized the series without losing the core identity of its predecessors.[96]

The story was well praised. Nick Plessas of Electronic Gaming Monthly (EGM) said that the story's most memorable moments were the interactions between Kratos and Atreus. He also noted that "there is often some comic relief to be found when Kratos' curtness and Atreus' charming naivety collide."[83] Furthermore, he acknowledged that the presence of Atreus showed a side to Kratos not seen before, and that Kratos had evolved emotionally: "The rage and pain of his past is in constant conflict with his desire to spare his son from it, which comes across in even the most subtle actions and words, demonstrating the effort he is putting in." Plessas also felt that Atreus' character was similarly complex. He cited that it is easy for child characters "to succumb to a number of annoying child archetypes," but Atreus is more like a young man who is doing his best in an adult world.[83] Game Informer's Joe Juba similarly praised the story, particularly the relationship between Kratos and Atreus: "The interactions of Kratos and Atreus range from adversarial to compassionate, and these exchanges have ample room to breathe and draw players in." Juba said that Kratos conveys more character than in any previous game.[84] Peter Brown of GameSpot felt that although Kratos and Atreus were enjoyable, it was Mímir who stole the show. He also said that regardless of which character the player meets, the cast of God of War is "strong, convincing, and oddly enchanting."[86] Writing for Game Revolution, Jason Faulkner praised Santa Monica in creating a sequel that new players would be able to understand without having played any of the previous games, while at the same time, providing story references to those past games that returning fans would appreciate. Speaking of the relationship between Kratos and Atreus, Faulkner wrote that "Watching the two grow throughout their journey is incredibly rewarding," equating it to that of Ellie and Joel from The Last of Us or Lee and Clementine from Telltale Games' The Walking Dead.[85]

In terms of the game's combat system, Plessas stated that unlike previous games, which often relied on the player to use many combos in a sequential fashion, this game is "more about individual moves strung together in response to the assortment of enemies being fought." Although that difference may be small, he said that the independent attacks of the axe "feature benefits and drawbacks players will need to understand and master to be as effective as possible." Furthermore, although the axe is "conceptually simple", it is "mechanically fascinating", and it "succeeds as both a versatile means of dismembering foes and as a key element in puzzle solving." He felt that the axe and all of its features was "distinctly rewarding to use" and that it had more versatility than all of the weapons in many other games.[83] Juba said the Leviathan Axe is "a well-balanced and entertaining tool of destruction." He liked how it "emphasizes a more calculated style of combat; instead of zoomed-out, combo-driven encounters, Leviathan makes you a tactician." He also enjoyed how the combat system gradually unfolded through the course of the game; although seemingly restrictive at first, players will be rapidly alternating between weapons and skills.[84] While some reviewers greatly enjoyed the ability to call the Leviathan Axe back to Kratos' hand,[84][89] Chris Carter of Destructoid, on the other hand, felt it got old after a while.[82] The implementation of Atreus was praised. Plessas said that Atreus is "surprisingly useful" and that he "lands in the perfect spot on the spectrum between independence and reliance."[83] Faulkner noted that "The interplay between Kratos ax, fists, and shield, and Atreus' bow makes for an impressive fighting system."[85] Despite its different approach to combat, compared to the previous games, GamesRadar+'s Leon Hurley felt the game was "every bit as brutally unflinching as previous games."[87]

Writing for Polygon, Chris Plante praised the camerawork as a technical marvel, noting the seamless nature of the game shifting from cinematic back to the gameplay.[90] Juba said the decision to shift the camera closer to Kratos "[proved] immensely rewarding during big moments by giving [the player] an intimate view."[84] Faulkner, however, claimed "it can be difficult to control the camera and keep a bead on the enemies you're fighting."[85] In his review for IGN, Jonathon Dornbush felt that the intimacy of the camera makes all of the emotions "more real and impactful."[89] Speaking on the game's visuals, Faulkner said that the game looks amazing, "and with 4K and HDR this game goes a step beyond what even games like Horizon Zero Dawn showed us was possible on this platform."[85] Brown noted that "God of War is a technical and artistic showcase. It is without a doubt one of the best-looking console games ever released."[86] Dan Ryckert of Giant Bomb claimed that games such as Uncharted: The Lost Legacy and Horizon Zero Dawn "made great cases for a PS4 Pro and a 4K television, but God of War's visuals are a bigger selling point than anything I've seen on Sony's platform to date."[88]

Despite the game's grandeur, Plessas felt that the boss fights "do not hit quite the same frequency as they did in the past few games." However, the few boss fights that were in the game "do the series proud".[83] In regards to the vast world of God of War, Faulkner said that "The great thing about the exploration in God of War is that you can participate in it as little or as much as you want." He said that an excellent design decision was that during main plot points, the game will keep the player on task, while in between, the player can explore, allowing God of War "to have the best of both worlds".[85] Plessas noted that although the puzzles require thought, they were not "hair-pullingly" difficult as some were in previous games.[83] Juba also found that the puzzles were not too challenging, but did say they were fun.[84]

Plessas felt that the RPG elements present in the game make this installment "unique" in comparison to previous entries. He said the game allows players to "specialize Kratos to meet the specific task at hand, or develop a build that best suits a preferred playstyle." Although this did not make the game easier, he felt it did make it more manageable.[83] Juba noted that although this type of upgrading "may be less exciting" compared to previous games where Kratos just learns new moves, it still, however, "provides a powerful incentive to explore."[84] Ryckert was disappointed by this type of customization as he felt the presentation was "half-baked" and that some materials were confusing as there was little explanation given for what they were supposed to be used for. He did, however, say it was "cool" to see new armor on Kratos.[88]

In terms of flaws, Plessas said that "God of War is so good that its most egregious failing is not letting fans play more of it", as New Game Plus was not an option at the time of the review.[83] Juba stated that "God of War's momentum rarely falters, and when it does, the inconvenience is brief." One example he gave was the map, saying that although players have freedom to explore, it can be difficult to track Kratos' position. He also felt that the fast-travel system was "weirdly cumbersome" and that it opens up too late in the game.[84] Although he enjoyed these features, Faulkner noted that some players may dislike the fact that God of War has a lack of player agency, and that players have to explore the majority of the game on foot or by boat since the fast-travel feature is unlocked late in the game.[85] Brown felt that if anything in God of War was a letdown, it was the final fight against Baldur: "He's great from a narrative standpoint, unraveling in a manner that changes your perspective, but it's the fight itself that leaves you wanting. There are plenty of big boss battles and tests of skill throughout the course of the game, yet this fight doesn't reach the same heights, and feels like it was played a little safe."[86] Hurley said his only criticism was that "You can occasionally find yourself unsure if you're doing something wrong, or don't have the right equipment yet."[87]

Sales[edit]

During its release week in the UK, God of War became the fastest-selling entry in the franchise, selling 35% more physical copies than God of War III.[97] The game remained at the top of the all format sales chart throughout April and May for six consecutive weeks, setting a record for a PlayStation 4 exclusive having the most consecutive weeks at number one.[98] It sold 46,091 copies within its first week on sale in Japan, which placed it at number two on the sales chart.[99]

The game sold over 3.1 million copies within three days of its release, making it the fastest-selling PlayStation 4 exclusive at the time.[100] The game was the fastest-selling game of the month of its release and contributed to the PS4 being the best-selling console of that month.[101] In total, the game sold over five million copies in its first month, with 2.1 million in digital sales.[102][103]

Accolades[edit]

God of War won Game of the Year awards for a number of videogame publications, including The Blade,[104] CNET,[105] Destructoid,[106] Empire,[107] Entertainment Weekly,[108] G1,[109] The Game Awards,[110] Game Informer,[111] Game Revolution,[112] GamesRadar+,[113] Hardcore Gamer,[114] IGN,[115] NeoGAF,[116] Nerdist,[117] New York Game Awards,[118] Polygon,[119] Push Square,[120] Slant Magazine,[121] Time magazine,[122] Variety,[123] and VideoGamer.com.[124]

The game was nominated for "Game of the Show", "Best PlayStation 4 Game", and "Best Action Game" at IGN's Best of E3 2016 Awards.[125] It won the award for "Game of the Year", "Best PlayStation 4 Game", "Best Action-Adventure Game", "Best Art Direction", and "Best Story" in IGN's Best of 2018 Awards,[115][126][127][128][129] while it was a runner-up for "Best Graphics",[128] and was nominated for "Best Music".[130]

Year Award Category Result Ref.
2016 Game Critics Awards 2016 Special Commendation for Graphics Won [131]
Golden Joystick Awards Most Wanted Game Nominated [132]
The Game Awards 2016 Most Anticipated Game Nominated [133]
2017 Golden Joystick Awards Most Wanted Game Nominated [134]
The Game Awards 2017 Most Anticipated Game Nominated [135]
2018 The Independent Game Developers' Association Awards Best Action and Adventure Game Won [136][137]
Best Audio Design Nominated
9th Hollywood Music in Media Awards Original Score - Video Game Nominated [138][139]
Golden Joystick Awards Best Storytelling Won [140][141][142]
Best Video Design Won
Best Audio Design Won
PlayStation Game of the Year Won
Ultimate Game of the Year Nominated
The Game Awards 2018 Game of the Year Won [143][144]
Best Game Direction Won
Best Narrative Nominated
Best Art Direction Nominated
Best Score/Music Nominated
Best Audio Design Nominated
Best Performance (Christopher Judge) Nominated
Best Action/Adventure Game Won
Gamers' Choice Awards Fan Favorite Game Nominated [145][146]
Fan Favorite Action Game Nominated
Fan Favorite Single Player Gaming Experience Nominated
Fan Favorite Character of the Year Nominated
Fan Favorite Male Voice Actor (Christopher Judge) Won
Fan Favorite Male Voice Actor (Jeremy Davies) Nominated
Fan Favorite Female Voice Actor (Danielle Bisutti) Nominated
Australian Games Awards Action/Adventure Title of the Year Nominated [147]
Game of the Year Nominated
2019 New York Game Awards Big Apple Award for Best Game of the Year Won [148][118]
Statue of Liberty Award for Best World Nominated
Herman Melville Award for Best Writing Nominated
Great White Way Award for Best Acting in a Game (Christopher Judge) Won
Great White Way Award for Best Acting in a Game (Sunny Suljic) Nominated
46th Annie Awards Character Animation in a Video Game Nominated [149]
17th Visual Effects Society Awards Outstanding Visual Effects in a Real-Time Project Nominated [150]
D.I.C.E. Awards Game of the Year Won [151][152]
Outstanding Achievement in Animation Nominated
Outstanding Achievement in Art Direction Won
Outstanding Achievement in Character (Atreus) Nominated
Outstanding Achievement in Character (Kratos) Won
Outstanding Achievement in Original Music Composition Won
Outstanding Achievement in Sound Design Won
Outstanding Achievement in Story Won
Outstanding Technical Achievement Nominated
Adventure Game of the Year Won
Outstanding Achievement in Game Design Won
Outstanding Achievement in Game Direction Won
Writers Guild of America Awards 2018 Outstanding Achievement in Videogame Writing Won [153][154]
National Academy of Video Game Trade Reviewers Awards Game of the Year Pending [155]
Animation, Artistic Pending
Animation, Technical Pending
Art Direction, Fantasy Pending
Camera Direction in a Game Engine Pending
Character Design Pending
Control Design, 3D Pending
Control Precision Pending
Design, Franchise Pending
Direction in a Game Cinema Pending
Engineering Pending
Game, Franchise Adventure Pending
Graphics, Technical Pending
Lighting/Texturing Pending
Original Dramatic Score, Franchise Pending
Performance in a Drama, Lead (Christopher Judge) Pending
Performance in a Drama, Lead (Sunny Suljic) Pending
Performance in a Drama, Supporting (Jeremy Davies) Pending
Sound Editing in a Game Cinema Pending
Sound Effects Pending
Use of Sound, Franchise Pending
Writing in a Drama Pending
SXSW Gaming Awards Video Game of the Year Pending [156]
Excellence in SFX Pending
Excellence in Animation Pending
Excellence in Gameplay Pending
Excellence in Technical Achievement Pending
Excellence in Narrative Pending
Excellence in Visual Achievement Pending
Excellence in Design Pending
Game Developers Choice Awards Game of the Year Pending [157]
Best Audio Pending
Best Design Pending
Best Narrative Pending
Best Technology Pending
Best Visual Art Pending
2019 G.A.N.G. Awards Audio of the Year Pending [158]
Music of the Year Pending
Sound Design of the Year Pending
Best Interactive Score Pending
Best Cinematic Cutscene Audio Pending
Best Dialogue Pending
Best Original Instrumental ("God of War") Pending
Best Original Choral Composition ("Lullaby of the Giants") Pending

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Colloquially referred to as God of War 4[1][2][3] and God of War PS4[4][5]
  2. ^ As depicted in God of War III (2010)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skipper, Ben (June 13, 2016). "God of War 4 kicks off Sony E3 2016 press conference". International Business Times. IBT Media. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  2. ^ Loveridge, Sam; Mahboubian-Jones, Justin (March 24, 2017). "God of War 4 PS4 trailers, release date, price, gameplay and everything we know so far". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  3. ^ Wagner, Jayce (June 13, 2017). "In The New 'God of War 4' Trailer, Kratos Is Old, Grizzled, And As Brutal As Ever". Digital Trends. Designtechnica Corp. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d Paget, Mat (June 21, 2016). "God of War PS4 Doesn't Include Multiplayer, Won't Be Kratos's Last Game". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Seeto, Damian (June 18, 2016). "E3 2016: God of War PS4 Won't Have A Multiplayer Mode". Attack of the Fanboy. Modern Media Group. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d Newhouse, Alex; Crossley, Rob (June 13, 2016). "God of War Revealed for PS4 at E3 2016". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
  7. ^ Bratt, Chris (June 21, 2017). "God of War director explains why entire game has no camera cuts". Eurogamer. Gamer Network. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e Paget, Mat (June 14, 2016). "New God of War Set After Third Game, Won't Be Open World". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
  9. ^ a b c d e Barlog, Cory; Hanson, Ben (February 2, 2018). Answering God Of War's Lingering Questions (YouTube). Game Informer, GameStop. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d Juba 2018, p. 38
  11. ^ Kulasingham, Gajan (September 27, 2017). "God Of War – The Lost Pages Of Norse Myth: Rise Of The Draugr". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  12. ^ Kulasingham, Gajan (September 29, 2017). "God Of War – The Lost Pages Of Norse Myth: Manifestation Of The Revenant". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  13. ^ a b DiMento, Anthony (December 5, 2018). "How Santa Monica Studio Nailed Exploration in God of War". PlayStation.Blog. Sony Interactive Entertainment. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d Henges, Elizabeth (December 13, 2017). "Latest God of War Podcast Episode Details the Origin of the Leviathan Axe". PlayStation LifeStyle. CraveOnline. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  15. ^ Juba 2018, pp. 40–41
  16. ^ a b Pereira, Chris; Fillari, Alessandro (June 12, 2017). "E3 2017: New God Of War Trailer Released, Release Date Set For Early 2018". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  17. ^ Little, Riley (April 21, 2018). "How Kratos Gets The Blades of Chaos Back in God of War 4". Screen Rant. Valnet, Inc. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  18. ^ a b Juba 2018, p. 41
  19. ^ a b c d e Sliva, Marty (June 14, 2016). "E3 2016: God of War Made Me Care About The Series For The First Time". IGN. Ziff Davis. Archived from the original on April 13, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
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Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]