Gurnee Mills

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gurnee Mills
GurneeMills2014.pngGurnee Mills wide.jpg
Entrance A at Gurnee Mills
Location6170 W. Grand Ave
Gurnee, Illinois, United States
Opening dateAugust 8, 1991
DeveloperMills Corporation
OwnerSimon Property Group
No. of stores and services200+
No. of anchor tenants19
Total retail floor area1,935,954 sq ft (179,856.0 m2)[1]
No. of floors1
Public transit accessPace
Websitegurneemills.com

Gurnee Mills is a shopping mall and outlet mall in Gurnee, Illinois, a northern suburb of Chicago near Waukegan. Like the nearby Six Flags Great America and Key Lime Cove (now Great Wolf Lodge), the mall's placement in Gurnee is intended to bring customers from both Chicago and Milwaukee, Wisconsin. With 1,935,954 square feet (179,856.0 m2) of gross leasable area and ten major anchor stores in its Z-shaped single-story building,[1] it is the third largest mall in Illinois, and the largest of the four enclosed shopping centers in Lake County. Owned and operated by the Simon Property Group, it was an early part of the "Landmark Mills" chain of shopping malls built by the Mills Corporation.

Once marketed as the "world's largest outlet mall", Gurnee Mills features a variety of manufacturer's outlets in addition to the more typical mall retailers, and like other nearby outlet malls it is a popular attraction for tourists visiting the Chicago area, with thousands of tour buses making stops at the mall each year. The mall draws more than 20 million visitors each year.[2]

History[edit]

Development[edit]

The land where Gurnee Mills stands today was plotted out as part of Section 16 of Warren Township, and most of it was owned by the prominent Lamb family from 1837 until sold to the mall's developers in 1988. The corner of Grand Avenue and Hunt Club Road was long known as Lamb's Corners, where various members of the family farmed and operated a long succession of small businesses. When the latest generation of the family sold the land to be developed, they had some conditions, primarily that the oldest trees on the property be preserved and the wetlands along the highway be kept intact.[3]

The Western Development Corporation first announced its plans to build a super-regional shopping center in Lake County, Illinois in 1988. The plan was to annex 324 acres of unincorporated land near the intersection of the Tri-State Tollway and Grand Avenue, on which the mall would be built, into the village of Gurnee. "Gurnee Mills" would become the fourth mall in Western Development's "Landmark Mills" chain, after Potomac Mills, which opened in 1985, and Franklin Mills and Sawgrass Mills, which were under construction at the time. Western Development later renamed itself the Mills Corporation after its malls.[4] Local residents were concerned that the mall would steal customers from small local businesses and existing malls like Waukegan's nearby Lakehurst Mall and the Pleasant Prairie Premium Outlets,[5] while Western Development was worried that Gurnee was too small to handle the construction project, despite the success of Six Flags Great America down the road.[6]

Construction on the mall, which was projected to cost $160 million, began with a groundbreaking ceremony on July 19, 1989. By this time, plans had been expanded and the construction site consisted of 422 acres of farm fields and wetlands.[6][7] At the ceremony, four anchor retailers were announced: Sears Outlet, Reading China and Glass, Phar-Mor, and the Gurnee Mills Family Entertainment Center, a children's amusement area modeled after the 49th Street Galleria in Salt Lake City.[8][9] A total of 1.6 million hours of work went into the construction process, which took 25 months.[6]

Mills Corporation (1991–2007)[edit]

A satellite view of Gurnee Mills (top left) shows the nearby Six Flags Great America (bottom right).

The Gurnee Mills concourse opened to the public at 8 a.m. on August 8, 1991, allowing 70,000 visitors to see the place before stores opened at 10 a.m.[10] The mall's architecture and design was themed after "the agrarian heartland",[11] a look inspired by its rural setting and taking after a wide variety of sources, from the Googie-style diners of the 1950s to Frank Lloyd Wright's Prairie School architecture. Unlike most malls of its size, the stores at Gurnee Mills are all on a single level, and oriented along a single Z-shaped corridor that runs for 4,400 ft (1,300 m). 70 percent of the mall's retail spaces were leased at the time of the mall's opening, including seven of the ten anchors: Sears, Phar-Mor, Spiegel, Marshalls, Bed Bath & Beyond, Waccamaw Pottery, and the Family Entertainment Center. An eighth anchor, Filene's Basement, opened in October,[11]

With about 200 retail spaces and two separate food courts: the Dine-O-Rama and the Lake County Fare Food Court, Gurnee Mills was intended from the beginning as a state-of-the-art mall, with high-tech features like a television studio where mall-specific commercials could be produced and shown on the mall's 55 monitors, and its 15 ft (4.6 m) "video wall".[4] The Family Entertainment Center featured a video arcade and other attractions for children. These features were intended to help turn the mall into a center for entertainment, not just for shopping, as the Mills Corporation felt entertainment was the future for shopping malls.[12] One marketing study found Gurnee Mills was so large that many shoppers preferred to drive to the other side of the parking lot rather than walk to the other end of the mall.[13]

Advertised as the "world's largest outlet mall", Gurnee Mills faced confusion from local consumers over the fact that it featured full-price stores as well as discount outlets, and the first six months of profits were lower than Western Development and the Gurnee tax base were hoping. Some retailers were satisfied with the mall's financial performance, while others were disappointed but optimistic.[14] Phar-Mor, on the other hand, closed its store after one year of disappointing sales, becoming the first anchor to leave.[15] Additions to the mall continued in 1993, with a new retail space constructed for Burlington Coat Factory, as well as Foot Locker, Syms, and The Clearinghouse by Saks Fifth Avenue opening that fall.[16] Circuit City opened in the area around the mall on November 24,[17] and a ten-screen movie theater, one of Marcus Theatres' first Illinois locations, opened at the mall on December 10.[18] The same year, Sears closed its chain of catalog outlet stores,[19] leaving a space which was filled by a Macy's Close-Out store and later by J.C. Penney. The vacant space left by Phar-Mor was finally filled by Value City in 1995.[20]

By 1995, Gurnee Mills was the second-most popular tourist attraction in Illinois, behind the rival Woodfield Mall, drawing 14.4 million visitors and 2,300 tour buses in a year.[4][21] Capitalizing on this growth and the idea of the mall as a regional entertainment destination,[22] major new developments began to be added to Gurnee Mills, beginning with the Rainforest Cafe in 1996.[23] The Mills Corporation announced its plans to invest $50 million into expanding the mall in 1997,[24] beginning with the July opening of a Planet Hollywood restaurant, the second location in Illinois.[25] Another major addition was the Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World, second in a chain of heavily themed outdoor recreation destination superstores, in November 1997. The former location of Filene's Basement was combined with other spaces to create the new 133,000 sq ft (12,400 m2) anchor store, the mall's largest retail space,[26] which previously was intended to hold an Incredible Universe store before plans fell through in 1996.[27]

Logo for Gurnee Mills (1991–2014).

The focus on entertainment and experiences over shopping continued through the late 1990s, as the dot-com boom threatened to cut into the profits of traditional retailers.[28] Serpent Safari, the first reptile zoo and store to be located in a shopping mall, opened next to the Rainforest Cafe in January 1999,[29] and in August Rink Side Sports, an entertainment center centered around an NHL-size ice rink, was added to the existing arcade and children's play area.[30] These efforts were heralded as a success: 21 million people visited the mall in 1998, representing a growth of 30 percent in the past three years.[31]

Waukegan's nearby Lakehurst Mall, one of Gurnee Mills' primary competitors, closed in 2001 after the few remaining tenants pulled out, and after declining in the shadow of the much larger mall for a decade. The closure of Lakehurst was one of the main concerns among local residents when Gurnee Mills was originally proposed, and all of their concerns had been proven true by the gradual exodus of its retailers.[32] Lakehurst was also suffering from the early 2000s recession, which affected Gurnee Mills as well: the mall lost two of its major anchors, with Syms leaving and Waccamaw furniture going out of business in 2001, and Spiegel closing its retail chain entirely in 2002. Two of these vacant spaces were filled fairly quickly, with Kohl's lined up to replace Spiegel before the latter even closed,[33] and Circuit City, previously located in a separate building outside the mall, moving in to replace Syms.[34]

A decade after closing its outlet store in the mall, Sears returned to Gurnee Mills with a 201,000 sq ft (18,700 m2) Sears Grand hypermarket store in 2004, replacing and expanding the vacant space formerly home to Waccamaw Pottery. On its opening, Sears Grand became the largest store at Gurnee Mills, and it was the second of its kind after the store in Jordan Landing in West Jordan, Utah.[35] Unlike most Sears Grand locations, the store in Gurnee is directly attached to a shopping mall, and since the Sears Grand at Pittsburgh Mills closed in 2015, it has been the only mall-attached Sears Grand location.[36] The introduction of new full-price department stores like Sears and Kohl's represented the beginning of the mall's "third life", as retail analysts described it, following its period as an outlet mall and as an entertainment center.[37]

The focus on supplementing shopping with entertainment did not end there, however. In 2005, a Wannado City theme park was planned for the mall. The Wannado company already had a partnership with the Mills Corporation, having its first location at Sawgrass Mills and another planned for Mills' 108 North State Street development in Chicago.[38] Plans continued to be developed through 2007,[39] but both companies faced financial downturns and the project was never realized.

Simon Property Group (2007–present)[edit]

The Mills Corporation faced bankruptcy in 2006 after the Securities & Exchange Commission found that management had made $350 million in accounting errors during the previous four years. All existing Mills malls were sold to the Simon Property Group in 2007, making Gurnee Mills one of over 300 Simon properties around the world. From early on in the mall's new ownership, Simon expressed discontentment with the aging decor of the mall, particularly the agricultural theming, which had not been updated since the mall's opening in 1991.[40] After weathering the financial downturn, Simon announced its plans for a major $5 million renovation of the mall in 2010, updating the style and the facilities of the mall to make it more "sophisticated."[41]

Meanwhile, Gurnee Mills announced in 2011 that it would demolish the vacant former Circuit City location entirely and construct an entirely new building for a Macy's department store at one end of the building, and remodel an area between Kohl's and Value City Furniture to create a "full price wing." The mall promised that these new developments would turn it into the "first true hybrid center" and change its "personality."[42] The new stores opened on July 24, 2013 in time for the mall's 20th anniversary, with the promise of other retailers following Macy's path, and "positioning Gurnee Mills for another 20 years of relevance".[43] The upgrades mirrored those being done by Simon at the dozens of other Mills malls, as part of a nationwide strategy to remake them into "timeless" shopping centers.[44]

Another round of renovations, with a budget of $6 million, began in September 2017. A new theme is planned for the Dine-O-Rama food court. The Rink Side Sports ice rink had been closed since April 15, after a series of "catastrophic" equipment failures, but a plan to reopen the rink under the new management of the Tilt arcade was announced in October.[45] Dick's Sporting Goods opened at Gurnee Mills in April 2018 in the former Sports Authority,[46] a plan which was inadvertently revealed early by a Gurnee village trustee.[47]

On May 31, 2018, it was announced that Sears Grand would be closing as part of a plan to close 72 stores nationwide. The store closed on September 2, 2018.[48][49]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gurnee Mills: Property Overview", Simon Property Group.
  2. ^ "About Gurnee Mills". Simon Company. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
  3. ^ Mullery, Virginia. "Location, Location, Location: Lamb Family Always Knew They Held A Key Spot In County History", Chicago Tribune, April 25, 1993.
  4. ^ a b c Urban Land Institute. "The Mills", Shopping Centers and Other Retail Properties: Investment, Development, Financing, and Management, John Wiley & Sons, 1996.
  5. ^ Vander Weele, Maribeth. "Mall plan attracts criticism", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, April 26, 1988.
  6. ^ a b c Sanchez Olson, Yadira. "1991 time capsule opened as Gurnee Mills marks 25th anniversary", Lake County News-Sun, August 8, 2016.
  7. ^ Vander Weele, Maribeth. "Construction starts today on giant Gurnee Mills mall", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, July 19, 1989.
  8. ^ "Gurnee mall tagged as off-price dream", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, July 20, 1989.
  9. ^ Kerch, Steve. "Shop And 'Bop' Set For Gurnee", Chicago Tribune, April 1, 1990.
  10. ^ Gregory, Ted. "Mall mania in Lake County", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, August 9, 1991.
  11. ^ a b "Gurnee Mills mall to open Thursday", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, August 4, 1991.
  12. ^ Handley, John. "Always Getting The Goods: Template For Future Shopping Centers, Which Will Be Bigger And More Fun, Can Be Found In Retail History", Chicago Tribune, April 24, 1994.
  13. ^ Kiernan, Louise and Wilma Randle. "Big, Bigger And Then There's Woodfield Mall", Chicago Tribune, February 24, 1995.
  14. ^ Schmeltzer, John. "Growing Pains For Gurnee Mills", Chicago Tribune, May 24, 1992.
  15. ^ "Shutdown: Pharmor Inc. said it will close its store in the...", Chicago Tribune, October 10, 1992.
  16. ^ Stott, Martha. "Gurnee snags Saks store", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, June 19, 1993.
  17. ^ Kane, James. "Circuit City floods market with nine more area stores", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, November 19, 1993.
  18. ^ Advertisement, Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, November 25, 1993.
  19. ^ Schmeltzer, John. "Sears Closing Catalog Outlets Ahead Of Schedule", Chicago Tribune, August 17, 1993.
  20. ^ Mikus, Kim. "Small Business: Value City opens", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, March 28, 1995.
  21. ^ Mays, Gary and Wilma Randle. "State's Top Tour-bus Draw? It's Gurnee Mills: Mall Bests Woodfield For No. 1 In Illinois", Chicago Tribune, March 22, 1996.
  22. ^ Ritzer, George. Enchanting a Disenchanted World: Revolutionizing the Means of Consumption, 2nd edition, Pine Forge Press, 2005.
  23. ^ Mikus, Kim and Steve Warmbir. "It's going to be a jungle at new Gurnee Mills cafe", 'Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, June 2, 1996.
  24. ^ Silvestri, Scott. "Gurnee Mills targets $50 million for mall additions", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, May 16, 1997.
  25. ^ Cole, Bill. "Gurnee Mills' new star", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, July 29, 1997.
  26. ^ Jacobs, Jodie. "Outdoors Indoors: Bass Pro Creates A Wilderness Adventure Amid A Concrete Sea At Gurnee Mills", Chicago Tribune, November 23, 1997.
  27. ^ Roeder, David. "Edgar takes bait, set to tout Gurnee store for outdoor devotees", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, July 10, 1996.
  28. ^ Susnjara, Bob. "Gurnee Mills: An experience, not an outlet", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, October 18, 1999.
  29. ^ Lehoczky, Etelka. "After You Shop, Just Slither On Over", Chicago Tribune, October 15, 1999.
  30. ^ Silvestri, Scott. "Gurnee ice arena can't keep a secret, opens doors before the grand opening", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, August 14, 1999.
  31. ^ Mikus, Kim. "Gurnee Mills entertaining, as well", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, November 26, 1999.
  32. ^ Flink, John. "Last Handful Of Retailers Set To Close Books On Lakehurst: Waukegan Mall's Fate Remains Up In Air", Chicago Tribune, January 31, 2001.
  33. ^ Mikus, Kim. "Kohl's to replace Spiegel as Gurnee Mills continues transformation", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, June 19, 2002.
  34. ^ "Gurnee's AMS like a trip to Disneyland", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, November 11, 2001.
  35. ^ Yerak, Becky. "Sears' Grand opening: Retailer seeks to revitalize sales with rollout of off-mall store format", Chicago Tribune, March 24, 2004.
  36. ^ "Sears Grand Fact Sheet". Searsmedia.com. Archived from the original on January 27, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
  37. ^ Susnjara, Bob. "Mall begins reinventing itself again", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, March 12, 2003.
  38. ^ Jones, Sandra. "Kids' park wants Chicago site", Chicago Business, June 18, 2005.
  39. ^ Clavé, Salvador Anton. The Global Theme Park Industry, CABI, 2007.
  40. ^ "Ready to change centuries", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, April 6, 2008.
  41. ^ Jones, Sandra. ["Gurnee Mills to plow new ground with $5 million makeover: Shopping center plans to update facilities, replace agricultural theme"], Chicago Tribune, April 28, 2010.
  42. ^ "Macy's promises new personality for Gurnee Mills", Chicago Tribune TribLocal, November 15, 2011.
  43. ^ Susnjara, Bob. "Macy's gets final touches before Gurnee Mills debut", Daily Herald Suburban Chicago, July 23, 2013.
  44. ^ Moin, David. "Simon Property Remaking Mills Outlets", The World of Fashion, Bloomsbury, 2011.
  45. ^ McIntyre, Mary. "Rink Side ice facility in Gurnee Mills set to close in April", Lake County News-Sun, March 1, 2017.
  46. ^ Selle, Charles. "Selle: Other governors see us as easy pickings for their states", Lake County News-Sun, December 4, 2017.
  47. ^ Graham, Doug T. "Gurnee Mills reveals first look at planned renovations", Chicago Daily Herald, August 24, 2017.
  48. ^ Post, Washington. "Three suburban Sears stores on the list of 72 more set to close". Daily Herald. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  49. ^ http://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/lake-county-news-sun/news/ct-lns-gurnee-mills-sears-store-closings-0601-story.html

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°23′20″N 87°57′27″W / 42.38889°N 87.95750°W / 42.38889; -87.95750