Simon Property Group

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Simon Property Group, Inc.
ISINUS8288062081 Edit this on Wikidata
IndustryReal estate
Founded1993; 28 years ago (1993)
FoundersMelvin and Herbert Simon
Areas served
  • United States
  • Canada
  • Japan
  • Mexico
  • South Korea
  • Malaysia
  • Thailand
Key people

ServicesReal estate investment trust
RevenueIncrease US$ 5.76 billion (2019)
Decrease US$ 2.91 billion (2019)
Decrease US$ 2.10 billion (2019)
Total assetsIncrease US$ 31.23 billion (2019)
Total equityDecrease US$ 2.52 billion (2019)
Number of employees
4,150 (2017)
SubsidiariesSimon Malls
Premium Outlets
The Mills
Kravco (80%)
Klépierre (29.8%)
Footnotes / references

Simon Property Group, Inc. is an American commercial real estate company, one of the largest retail real estate investment trusts (REIT), and the largest shopping mall operator in the US.[3]

The company operates five retail real estate platforms: regional malls, premium outlet centers, The Mills, community/lifestyle centers and international properties. It owns or has an interest in more than 204[4] properties comprising approximately 241,000,000 square feet (22,400,000 m2) of gross leasable area in North America and Asia. The company is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, and employs more than 5,000 people. It is publicly traded on the NYSE under the symbol SPG and is part of the S&P 100.[5]


Simon Property Group was formed in 1993[6] when the majority of the shopping center interests of Melvin Simon & Associates became a publicly-traded company. Melvin Simon & Associates, owned by brothers Melvin Simon and Herbert Simon, was founded in 1960 in Indianapolis, Indiana, and had long been one of the top shopping center developers in the United States.

In 1996, Simon DeBartolo Group was created when Simon Property merged with former rival DeBartolo Realty Corp.[7] This was shortly after DeBartolo Realty became a publicly-traded company encompassing the shopping mall interests of the Edward J. DeBartolo Sr. family, another leading developer. Simon DeBartolo rapidly acquired assets in the then-fragmented industry. Notable acquisitions included The Retail Property Trust and a group of properties held by IBM's pension plan in 1997 and Corporate Property Investors (CPI) in 1998. Following the CPI acquisition in 1998, the company announced it was reverting to its original name, Simon Property Group, as the DeBartolo family was resuming its private real-estate development operation while retaining their interest in Simon.

Simon corporate headquarters in Indianapolis.

Simon continued to be a prolific acquirer of shopping centers, including a portfolio from New England Development in 1999; several prime properties from Rodamco North America in 2002 (including Houston Galleria in Houston, Texas and SouthPark Mall in Charlotte, North Carolina); several high-profile properties such as Dadeland Mall, Fashion Valley Mall, Copley Place, Fashion Centre at Pentagon City, and Stanford Shopping Center; and in 2004, Chelsea Premium Outlets (now simply named "Premium Outlets"). In 2003, Simon became a co-owner of The Kravco Company, which became Kravco Simon. The same year, a children's membership program called Simon Kidgits Club was launched.[8] The club featured fictional characters such as Jake and Harriet. These characters were developed by Simon Brand Ventures, a branding subsidiary of the company. On April 3, 2007, a partnership including Simon agreed to acquire the Mills Corporation.[9]

In June 2011, Simon entered into a partnership with Nintendo to provide complimentary 3DS Wi-Fi hotspots at nearly 200 of its malls.[10] This was later expanded or changed to provide compatibility for laptops and mobile devices. In September 2011, Simon acquired the historic Southdale Center, located in Edina, Minnesota.[11]

In December 2013, Simon announced it would form a REIT of its smaller malls and community shopping centers called Washington Prime Group (Initially to be named SpinCo). The spin-off was created in May 2014 and was headed by Mark Ordan who was the final CEO of the Simon-bought Mills Corporation. The regional malls in WPG were still managed by Simon and flagged as Simon Properties on websites and inside their malls until early 2016, while Washington Prime managed the "strip centers" of the portfolio in-house.[12] In September 2014, WPG announced to acquire Glimcher Realty Trust and its properties, in which Washington Prime Group would be renamed WP Glimcher when the deal was made.[13] The deal was completed in January 2015. As part of the deal, Simon acquired Jersey Gardens (renamed to "The Mills at Jersey Gardens" and added to the Mills portfolio) in Elizabeth, New Jersey and University Park Village in Fort Worth, Texas, while WP Glimcher acquired Brunswick Square in East Brunswick, New Jersey from Simon.

On February 10, 2020 it was announced that Simon Property Group had entered into a deal to acquire competing Taubman Centers for $52.50 a share, in a deal valued at $3.6 billion.[14]

On March 18, 2020 the company announced in a press release that it would close all its U.S. shopping malls until March 29, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.[15][16]

In August 2020, Amazon is reportedly in talks with SPG to turn large anchor retailers into fulfillment centers at malls across North America.[4]

Acquisition offers[edit]

General growth properties[edit]

On November 29, 2009, Financial Times reported that Simon may have attempted to acquire its failing rival General Growth Properties, which was operating under Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Should GGP have been acquired in its entirety, such deal would be worth up to $30 billion at the time.[17] Simon hired property investment firm Cohen & Steers, J.P. Morgan, as well as the Lazard investment bank and the Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz law firm to explore the possibility of acquiring GGP.

On February 16, 2010, Simon announced that it placed a bid on February 8 to acquire General Growth Properties in a deal worth $10 billion.[18] However, the bid was rejected by General Growth twice during the week it was announced. On February 19, 2010, one GGP shareholder filed suit (Young v. Bucksbaum) against the company's board of directors for rejecting Simon's bid, accusing chairman John Bucksbaum and six other board members of breaching their fiduciary duty to GGP's investors.[19] The General Growth board favored an investment offer from Brookfield Asset Management worth $2.6 billion.

Simon's next step, on April 14, 2010, was to announce a $2.5 billion equity investment offer which equaled the price per share of Brookfield's offer.[20] Simon claimed that the deal was more favorable to GGP and its equity holders than Brookfield's offer, stating that it would eliminate the highly dilutive warrants that GGP would issue to Brookfield, Pershing Square and Fairholme Capital. Simon's offer also included a co-investment commitment by Paulson & Co worth $1 billion. Simon Property Group had not ruled out a full takeover of General Growth, claiming that their investment offer would give them more time to work out their differences concerning antitrust issues.[21]

On May 7, 2010, Simon Property Group decided to withdraw its acquisition and recapitalization proposals for General Growth Properties.[22] Instead, General Growth (and its spinoff Rouse Properties) were acquired several years later by competitor Brookfield Property Partners, making Brookfield the number 2 mall operator in the USA behind Simon.[23]

Prime outlets[edit]

On December 8, 2009, Simon Property Group was offered the sale of Prime Retail's Prime Outlets portfolio for $2.24 billion, which included centers at Williamsburg, Virginia, San Marcos, Texas and Hagerstown, Maryland. In May 2010, Simon surprisingly acquired Prime Outlets-Puerto Rico in Barceloneta, which was renamed "Puerto Rico Premium Outlets". However, at the time, Simon did not acquire the whole portfolio, excluding Prime Outlet's center at St. Augustine, Florida where Simon's Premium Outlet mall was already located.[24] Finally, on August 30, 2010, Simon officially acquired the Prime Retail portfolio of twenty-one outlet malls, including the Barceloneta, Puerto Rico location acquired in May 2010. Three properties were not included: the indoor St. Augustine, Florida property, and developments at Grand Prairie, Texas and Livermore Valley, California.[25] The acquired properties received Premium Outlet branding just after the completion of the deal. The developments at Grand Prairie, Texas and Livermore Valley, California were acquired in 2012, just months after their openings, and were rebranded as "Premium Outlets".

Capital shopping centres[edit]

At the end of 2010, Simon Property Group attempted to acquire UK-based retail investment group Capital Shopping Centres (CSCG), after CSCG signed a deal with Peel Group to acquire the Trafford Centre.[26] This offer was later declined by Capital Shopping Centres shareholders in an EGM, with the shareholders, many of whom are South African, voting instead for the deal with the Peel Group.[27]

Premium outlets expansion into Canada[edit]

On August 1, 2013, Toronto Premium Outlets opened in Halton Hills, Ontario, Canada.[28][29] Premium Outlets Montreal, which is the second Premium Outlet Center located in Canada opened in October, 2014.[30] Premium Outlet Collection YEG is now open at Edmonton International Airport.

Legal record[edit]

Simon Property Group has been the subject of several lawsuits and investigations regarding civil rights and discrimination. These lawsuits have involved lack of building access for disabled persons and equal opportunity employment issues.[31][32][33][34]


  1. ^ a b "US SEC: Form 10-K Simon Property Group, Inc". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
  2. ^ "Simon Property Group". Fortune. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
  3. ^ "Top 25 Shopping Center Owners". 1 July 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b Fung, Esther; Herrera, Sebastian (2020-08-09). "Amazon and Mall Operator Look at Turning Sears, J.C. Penney Stores Into Fulfillment Centers". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2020-08-25.
  5. ^ "Simon Property Group Reports First Quarter Results". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  6. ^ "Company Milestones". Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  7. ^ Kumer, Ken (1996-03-27). "SIMON, DEBARTOLO MALL PROPERTY GROUPS JOIN FORCES". Seattle Daily Journal. Retrieved 2007-10-08.
  8. ^ Reserved., © Copyright 2003-2014 Simon Property Group L.P. All Rights (9 June 2003). "Simon Malls launch new national club for kids".
  9. ^ Simon Property Group Inc SPG (NYSE), Reuters. Accessed September 17, 2007. "On April 3, 2007, SPG-FCM Ventures, LLC, a joint venture between an entity owned by Simon Property and funds managed by Farallon Capital Management, completed the acquisition of The Mills Corporation."
  10. ^ Frank Cifaldi, Gamasutra. "New Partnership Pushes 3DS Wi-Fi Hotspots Over 25K." June 2, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
  11. ^ "New owner Simon Properties hopes to turn around Southdale". September 10, 2011.
  12. ^ Karr, Arnold J. (13 December 2013). "Simon Plans Spin-off of Smaller Properties". WWD. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-28. Retrieved 2014-10-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Simon Property Group to buy Taubman Centers in $3.6 billion deal". CNBC. February 10, 2020. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  15. ^ "Simon Property Group Temporarily Closes All Domestic Properties". March 18, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
  16. ^ Tyko, Kelly. "Simon Property Group closes all of its U.S. malls due to coronavirus. See the list of closed locations". USA TODAY.
  17. ^ Sender, Henny (2009-11-19). "Simon eyes General Growth's mall portfolio". Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  18. ^ "Simon Property Group Bids $10B For General Growth Properties". Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  19. ^ "General Growth Board Sued for Rejecting Simon Bid (Update1)". Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  20. ^ "Simon Property Group Offers to Invest $2.5 Billion in General Growth Reorganization Plan at Same Per Share Price as Existing Brookfield-Sponsored Proposal". 2010-04-14. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  21. ^ Jonas, Ilaina (2010-04-14). "Simon still interested in buying General Growth: source". Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  22. ^ "SIMON | Investor Relations | Press Release". 2010-05-07. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  23. ^ Wang, Christine and Thomas, Lauren (2018-03-26). "Brookfield Property Partners to buy US mall owner GGP". CNBC. Retrieved 2018-09-02.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ "SIMON | Investor Relations | Press Release". 2009-06-30. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  25. ^ "Simon Malls | More Choices . - Press Room - Press Release". 2010-08-30. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2011-02-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2011-02-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ Shum, David (2013-08-01). "Toronto Premium Outlets open in Halton Hills - Toronto". Retrieved 2013-08-19.
  29. ^ "Toronto Outlet Mall To Be First Upscale Centre Of Its Kind In Canada". 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2013-08-19.
  30. ^ "Simon Property Group, SmartCentres and Calloway REIT Break Ground on Premium Outlets' Montreal". Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  31. ^ Meritz, Darren (2009-07-29). "Lawsuit says Cielo Vista Mall owners not providing safe access for disabled people". El Paso Times. Retrieved 2014-12-12.
  32. ^ U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission > About EEOC > Newsroom > Press Releases (2011-11-08). "Simon Property Group To Pay $125,000 To Settle EEOC National Origin Discrimination Lawsuit". Retrieved 2014-12-12.
  33. ^ Dungan, Jesse (2011-02-23). "Woman sues Stanford Shopping Center for alleged pregnancy discrimination". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2014-12-12.
  34. ^ Finnegan, Amanda (2009-03-12). "Poetry nightclub discrimination lawsuit moves forward". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 2014-12-12.

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