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|Hazrat Khwaja Sultan Sayyed Haji Hud|
Patan, Gujarat, India
|Based in||Patan, Gujarat, India|
|Title||Sirajul Hind, Shere Saani, Qutbul Aqtab|
|Period in office||Late 11th century and early 12th century|
Birth and Early Life
Haji Hud was born in 416 Hijri (1025 A. D.) in Khanfur near Damascus in Syria.
His ancestry reaches to Imam Hussain ibn Ali through Imam Mohammmad Baqir.
His father Sultan Sayyed Avvana Subhani Abdullāh dreamed that he received a message from Mohammmad that he would be blessed with a pious son. He was advised to name him 'Hud'.
He grew up as a very intelligent boy and was able to be a Hafiz Quran at the age of 14 and was a good Qaari. He grew also very learned in all the sciences and advanced in politics so brilliantly that at the age of 14, in the year 430 Hijri, he became the Sultan of Samarqand.
As King of Samarqand
Even at a young age Haji Hud was excelled in the administration of Samarqand and became very popular with his subjects. He was fully responsible for all the duties as the king but his most of the time was spent in Ibaadat. In 444 Hijri, he dreamed that Muhammad told him to leave the kingdom and spend the rest of his life in the path of Islamic devotion, and with that he left the throne at the age of 28 and went to Mecca along with his associates.
In Mecca and Medina.
It is mentioned in "Muqasifat e Mohammadiya" that once in Medina, near the shrine of the prophet, Haji Hud was reciting the Durood and spontaneously words came out from his mouth 'Ya Jadadi (O Grandfather)'. In reply a sound came from the Roza 'Ya Waladi (O Son)'. Since then he acquired a Mehboobiyat and then got divine inspiration to go to India for tableegh of Islam.
From Madina, Haji Hud went to Chisht via Yemen. It was a prominent religious learning center of its time. Here he met Khwaja Sayyed Nasiruddin Abu Yusuf Chishti and pledged Bai'at to him. He learned a lot in his company. Haji Hud's spiritual capabilities increased tremendously during this time. He got acquainted with the hidden aspects of spiritual knowledge. Once Peer sahib summoned him and praised him. He was then given the "Khilafat" from the Peer along with gifts such as a prayer mat, asa mubarak, naalain and is given the title of "Qutub". Peer sahib asked him then to go and to settle in Patan a city in India.
Arrival in Patan
Then he went to Samarqand and got the titles of Abul Barakat, Shere Sani, Qutbul Aqtaab and from there he started journey towards India with 200 other people. Among others he was accompanied by his son Ismail Qadri, his Vazier Haji Hussain Rumi and the prince of Syria.
He camped in a big ground. In front of it was a big and famous temple. There were idols in the temple that were decorated with precious diamonds and pearls along with a storage of gold and silver. There was a tiger kept to guard the temple. Every evening the tiger was set loose in the area, so everyone used to avoid going near the temple near sunset as the tiger used to attack anyone coming then.
Haji Hud and his associated arrived there right at Asar time. They prayed the Asar prayer and as soon as they were done, the tiger started running to them. Everyone there was scared, but Haji Hud reassured everyone that the tiger was going to come to him only and he will kill it. Then, when the tiger did attack, Haji Hud got hold of its jaws and tore the animal in two pieces. The priests if the temple watching this ran to the king Karandev and narrated the incident to him. They told him that some foreigners have arrived to our land and they are very strong, good looking and very wise. They have killed our temple's tiger and if these people are allowed to stay, they will take over our kingdom. Hearing this Karandev was furious and ordered his army to arrest the visitors.
As the army started approaching Haji Hud and his accomplices, the soldiers started sinking into the ground. Some went as deep as their chests. They were unable to come out of the ground and gave up. They started requesting Haji Huud for help. On hearing their plea, he asked the earth to release the soldiers. He told them, "I have not come to take something form you, but to show you the straight path ( siratal mustaqim ). Allah is one and only the one worthy of worship. Hazrat Mohammad Mustafa sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam is his prophet". These words were so effective that the whole army of Rajputs accepted Islam.
When the king Karandev heard about this, he was really amazed. It was said that anyone who saw the holy man, could see a noor in his eyes and could see the kalma e tauheed on one eye and shamshir e tauheed in the other. They would instantly become his devotee. Raja Karandev arrived there to see him. Haji Hud asked him "Who do your worship?". The king replied, "Our God is in that temple". He then took Haji Hud to the temple and showed him all kinds of idols, and the most prominent and decorated one of them was his main God. Then Haji Hud pointed his finger to that idol and said "So this is your God". With that said, the idol fell to the ground and crumbled to pieces. Seeing this miracle, Karandev was impressed and started to respect the holy man. He gave permission for them to settle down in Patan and gave all the assistance to do that. He accepted Islam and built the first mosque in Patan called Masjid Karna.
" Shud Musalmani Bina Zaate Paakash Dar Patan Deene Ahmed Gashta Roshan Badare Aalam Shah Hud,
Deed chun Raja Karan aan Shah ra shud moatkid az dilo jaan shud Musalmeen Sadare aalam Shah Hud."
" Sabne padha Kalma, kufar toda, hue sab Musalmeen,
Unko nikale kaid se, bujo tume kar kar yakeen,
Hai Chavde, Rathod, Solanki, Padhiyar jo,
Kai tarah ke hain ge so jata hai asav Rajputyo."
-Haji Hussain .
Haji Hud stayed in Patan for 51 years. Thousands accepted Islam under his influence. Thereby he earned the title of Mublligh e Azam. He is one of the pioneer peers to spread Islam in Gujarat. Others being Baba Rehan, Peer Sayyed Sharfuddin Mohammad (Peer Faluda), and Peer Sayyed Shahabuddin Ibne Sayyed Zahiruddin from Bharuch, Surat, and Kathiawad respectively.
Haji Hud's son Ismail got khilafat from Ghaus-e-azam Pirane peer dastagir.
There were several notable scholars among the descendants of Haji Hud. Makhdum Qazi Ahmed Jood (One of the four Ahmeds after whom Ahmedabad is named) and Ghaus ul Wara Hasan Faqih were among them.
Haji Hud died on 15th Rajab 536 Hijri (1142 A.D.) at the age of 117 years.
His mazaar is in Patan near the Khan Sarovar.
- Published in Al Ashraf (Monthly). Oct. 1, 2001.Pages 17–20.
Part of a series on Islam