In Islam, ‘Irfān (Arabic/Persian/Urdu: عرفان; Turkish: İrfan), also spelt Irfaan and Erfan, literally ‘knowing, awareness’, is gnosis; however, it also refers to Islamic mysticism. Those with the name are sometimes referred to as having an insight into the unseen. Irfan is also a Muslim given name, usually for males.
The concept of Irfan overlaps considerably with Sufism in both meaning and content. 'Irfan e Nafs' is often made use of to define the gnosis of the self in numerous Sufi orders. This doctrine follows the Quranic verse, "He who recognized his self, recognized Allah."