Ignacia del Espíritu Santo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Venerable
Ignacia del Espíritu Santo Juco
Foundress, Religious of the Virgin Mary
Born (1663-02-01)February 1, 1663 (postulated)
Recorded date of baptism: (March 4, 1663).
Binondo, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died September 10, 1748(1748-09-10) (aged 85)
Intramuros, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Venerated in Catholic Church
Major shrine Basilica of San Lorenzo Ruiz, RVM Motherhouse
Feast September 10, March 4
Attributes Arms crossed in prayer with a rosary, needles, scissors, almsbaskets, dove, Betania retreat house
Patronage Advocate of women's rights
Women's retreat movement

Venerable Ignacia del Espíritu Santo, also known as Mother Ignacia (February 1, 1663 – September 10, 1748) was a Filipino Religious Sister of the Roman Catholic Church.

She was known for her acts of piety and religious poverty and founded the Congregation of the Sisters of the Religious of the Virgin Mary, the first native Filipino female congregation with approved pontifical status in what is now the Republic of the Philippines.[1]

Mother Ignacia del Espíritu Santo was declared Venerable by Pope Benedict XVI in 2007.

Early life[edit]

The birthdate of Mother Ignacia del Espíritu Santo is piously celebrated as February 1, 1663, based on the cultural customs of the Spanish Era. Only her baptismal record is preserved, which occurred on March 4, 1663. Ignacia was christened in the long-gone Church of the Holy Kings in the fifth Parián de Chinos[2][3] by Fray Padre Alberto Collares, O.P.

Ignacia was the eldest and sole surviving child of María Jerónima, a Filipina, and Jusepe Iuco, a Christian Chinese migrant from Amoy, China. Expected by her parents to marry at 21 years old, Ignacia sought religious counsel from Father Pablo Clain, a Jesuit priest from the Kingdom of Bohemia (present-day Czech Republic). The priest directed her through the Spiritual Exercises of Saint Ignatius of Loyola, from which Ignacia drew her apostolic devotion and piety. After this period of solitude and prayer, Ignacia decided to pursue her religious calling, to "remain in the service of the Divine Majesty” and “live by the sweat of her brow.” According to Father Murillo Velarde, her eyewitness biographer, Ignacia left her parents' home with only a needle and a pair of scissors.[4]

Religious seclusion[edit]

Ignacia felt strongly against the Spanish law that prohibited native Filipinos from entering the priestly or religious life. The Spanish Mother Jerónima de la Asunción opened the first convent in the Philippines in 1621 but Filipinas could not be admitted. In hopes of changing this racially structured ecclesiastical limitation, Ignacia began to live alone in a vacant house at the back of the Colegio Jesuita de Manila, the Jesuit headquarters. She led a life of public prayer and labour which attracted other Filipino laywomen to live with her. She accepted them into her company and, though they were not officially recognised as a religious institute at the time, together they became known as the Beatas de la Virgen María (English: "Religious of the Virgin Mary") living at the Beatería de la Compañía de Jesús (English: "Convent of the Society of Jesus").[1] For their chapel they used the old San Ignacio Church (destroyed in the Second World War) and the Jesuit priests were their spiritual directors.

Popular folk tales describe a penitential form of spirituality and mortification of the flesh which sustained these women in hardship, especially during times of extreme poverty when they had to beg for rice and salt and scour Manila's streets for firewood. They supported themselves through manual labour and alms received. The Beatas only admitted young girls and boarders who were taught catechism and given manual work. Eventually, their growing number called for a more stable lifestyle and set of rules or religious constitutions to govern their daily schedule.[4]

Constitution of her order[edit]

After about 42 years from her taking up the life of a religious, in 1726, Ignacia wrote a set of rules for her religious group, finalised constitutions for a congregation, and submitted this to the Archdiocesan Chancery Office of Manila for ecclesiastical approbation, which the Fiscal Provisor of Manila formally granted in 1732, along with the rules in use among other religious women. Ignacia, now 69 years old, decided to resign as mother superior of the order, and lived as an ordinary member until her death at 85 on September 10, 1748. She died on her knees after receiving Holy Communion at the altar rail of the old Jesuit Church of San Ignacio in Intramuros.[4]

After her death in 1748, the Archbishop of Manila Reverend Pedro de la Santísima Trinidad Martínez de Arizala, O.F.M., paid homage to the growing religious group of his archdiocese in his writings. He wrote:

In May 1768, the Royal Decree of King Charles III of Spain on the Suppression of the Jesuits reached Manila. It was later implemented with the approval of Pope Clement XIV, which was a blow to Ignacia's group as the Jesuit priests were expelled from the Philippines and deported to Spain and Italy. But her group carried on.

Death and Pontifical approval[edit]

On July 31, 1906, the American Archbishop of Manila Jeremiah James Harty assisted the religious sisters in the canonical erection of Mother Ignacia's congregation, which was previously postponed in the filing of 1732 due to an incorrect process of petitioning to Rome. On March 17, 1907, Pope Pius X promulgated the Decretum Laudis (English: Decree of Praise) in favour of the congregation's Rules and Constitutions. The Decree of Approbation was granted by Pope Pius XI on March 24, 1931, which made it a Congregation of Pontifical right. On January 12, 1948 (the 200th anniversary of the death of Mother Ignacia del Espíritu Santo), Pope Pius XII issued the Decree of Definitive Papal Approbation of the Constitutions.

As venerable[edit]

In a papal decree dated July 6, 2007, Pope Benedict XVI accepted the findings of the prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints and declared that

Mother Ignacia Memorial Circle [1][2],(RVM Motherhouse [3] & Generalate, 214 N. Domingo, 1111 Quezon City

On February 1, 2008, Archbishop of Manila Cardinal Gaudencio Rosales presided over the promulgation which officially accorded Ignacia the title "venerable" at the Minor Basilica of San Lorenzo Ruiz in Binondo, Manila.

Legacy[edit]

Mother Ignacia Avenue in the Dilimán district of Quezon City is named after Mother Ignacia del Espíritu Santo and is the address of both St. Mary's College, Quezon City (a private school belonging to her Religious of the Virgin Mary – RVM) and the ABS-CBN studios and offices.

The municipality of Santa Ignacia in Tarlac is also named in honour of Mother Ignacia del Espíritu Santo.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mother Ignacia del Espíritu Santo, History of the Religious of the Virgin Mary, UIC.edu.ph
  2. ^ The baptismal church refers to the Church of the Three Kings in Binondo, Manila, located in the "5th section of the area, which is perhaps long gone now. The word Parián most likely refers to the Filipino-Chinese market district, where Ignacia was perhaps baptised due to the racial segregation in place at the time.
  3. ^ On the meaning of Parian: The Inculturation of Filipino: Chinese Culture Mentality pp. 228-229. by Jose Vidamor B. Yu
  4. ^ a b c "Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo | Religious of the Virgin Mary". www.rvmonline.net. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  5. ^ Decretum Super Virtutibus, 6 July 2007, Romae - PP. Benedictus XVI

External links[edit]