|• ISO 259||Kpar Qásim, Kpar Qáˀsem|
|• Also spelled||Kafar Qasem (official)
Kufur Kassem (unofficial)
Monument in Kafr Qasim to the victims of the massacre in 1956.
|Grid position||167/148 PAL|
|• Type||City (from 2008)|
|• Mayor||Adel Badir|
|• Total||9,154 dunams (9.154 km2 or 3.534 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||The village of Kasim|
Kafr Qasim (Arabic: كفر قاسم, Hebrew: כַּפְר קָאסִם), also known as Kafr Qassem, Kufur Kassem, Kfar Kassem and Kafar Kassem, is a hill-top Israeli Arab city located about 20 km (12 mi) east of Tel Aviv, near the Green Line separating Israel and the West Bank, on the southern portion of the "Little Triangle" of Arab-Israeli towns and villages. In 2015 its population was 21,848. The town was the site of the Kafr Qasim massacre, in which the Israel Border Police killed 49 civilians on October 29, 1956. On February 12, 2008, Israeli Minister of the Interior Meir Sheetrit declared Kafr Qasim a city in a ceremony held at the town.
The town's area was populated in ancient times, based on remains from the Middle Paleolithic period found in the Qesem Cave. Cisterns, a winepress and terraced fields have also been documented, together with remains from the Byzantine era.
In 1870, during the Ottoman period, French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he called Kafr Kasim. He found the place to be "the site of a more ancient town, as is shown by cisterns and the mass of rubbish found outside the present village". The village had about four hundred inhabitants.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as being of moderate size, with buildings constructed principally of adobe, on low hill in open ground. The survey also noted the existence of a rock-cut tomb to the south of the village.
British Mandate of Palestine period
In 1917, during World War I, Kafr Qasim (together with the rest of the area) was captured from the ruling Ottoman Empire by the British Army and was later placed under the British Mandate of Palestine.
In 1945 the population of Kafr Qasim was 1,460, all Muslims, who owned 12,765 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey. 239 dunams were for citrus and bananas, 491 were plantations and irrigable land, and 8,980 were planted with cereals, while 58 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
On October 29, 1956, on the eve of the joint Israeli, French and British invasion of Egypt, Israeli border police (MAGAV) killed 49 villagers returning to Kafr Qasim from their work in the fields. Though the village head had been informed a half an hour before the military curfew started, he informed the Israeli commander that the fellahin and shepherds could not be notified in time that the curfew had been imposed. The incident became known as the Kafr Qasim massacre. In December 2007, President of Israel Shimon Peres formally apologised for the massacre.
In 1959, the town was granted local council status by the Israeli Interior Ministry.
In recent years, the town became known as the place where Sheikh Abdullah Nimar Darwish started the Islamic Movement. Israeli parliamentarian Sheikh Ibrahim Sarsur, a native of Kafr Qasim, served for a decade on the town council and heads the southern faction of the Islamic Movement of Israel since 1999. In 2008, it was announced that Kafr Qasim could soon become a city.
According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, the town has 21,100 mostly Muslim inhabitants at the end of 2012. There are 936 females for every 1,000 males. The population increases at an annual rate of 2.7%.
The social-economic rank of the town is relatively low (3 out of 10). Only 50.2% of 12th graders were eligible for graduation (Bagrut) certificates in 2000. The average monthly wage in 2000 was 3,633 NIS, as opposed to the national average of 6,835 NIS at that time.
People from Kafr Qasim
- Abdullah Nimar Darwish
- Ibrahim Sarsur
- Walid Badir, international footballer
- Issawi Frej, Knesset member
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 230
- Khalaily, 2005, Kafr Qasim (East)
- Zbenovich et al., 2005, Kafr Qasim, Development Survey
- Tendler, 2015, Kafr Qasim (East)
- van der Velde, 1858, p109.
- Guérin, 1875, p. 141, as cited in Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 324
- Guérin, 1875, p. 141
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 285
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus p. 26
- Mills, 1932, p. 64
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 21
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 75
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 126
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 176
- Baruch Kimmerling,The Palestinian People:A History, Harvard University Press 2009 p.195.
- President Peres apologizes for Kafr Qasem massacre of 1956 Haaretz, 21 December 2007
- Majadele: New Arab city will bolster our sense of belonging
- "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kafr Qasim.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Khalaily, Hamudi (2005-10-02). "Kafr Qasim, (East)" (117). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Tendler, Avrohom S. (2015-04-14). "Kafr Qasim, (East)" (127). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- van der Velde, C.W.M. (1858). Memoir to accompany the map of the Holy Land. Gotha.
- Zbenovich, Vladimir; Barda, Leticia; Haiman, Mordechai (2005-03-10). "Kafr Qasim, Development Survey" (117). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.