Fazilka district

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Fazilka district
Location of Fazilka district
Coordinates: 30°24′11″N 74°01′30″E / 30.403°N 74.025°E / 30.403; 74.025Coordinates: 30°24′11″N 74°01′30″E / 30.403°N 74.025°E / 30.403; 74.025
Country India
StatePunjab
Named forMian Fazil Watoo
HeadquartersFazilka
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerSmt. Isha Kalia (IAS)
 • Senior Superintendent of PoliceSh.Deepak Hilori(IPS)
Area
 • Total3,113 km2 (1,202 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total1,180,483
 • Density380/km2 (980/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi
 • OtherHindi and Bagri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Websitehttp://fazilka.gov.in/
Districts of Punjab along with their headquarters before the creation of Fazilka district. Fazilka was part of the Firozpur district.

Fazilka district is one of new and 22 districts in the state of Punjab in India.

The district headquarters of Fazilka District are at Fazilka.

History[edit]

On 27 July 2011, the Government of Punjab created two new districts: Fazilka district by partition of Firozpur district, and Pathankot district by partition of Gurdaspur district.[3]

On January 29, 1970 Mrs. Gandhi announced transfer of a part of Fazilka tehsil and Abohar to Haryana. The final transfer of Fazilka and Abohar was to take place by January 1975. The transfer to a neighbouring State of Punjab's cotton- producing belt of Abohar and Falzika was not accepted.[4] On January 25, the Mathew Commission said that Abohar and Fazilka tehsils of Punjab could not be transferred to Haryana because they were not contiguous with Haryana's border.[5]

Location[edit]

It is located next to the border with Pakistan, the border being to its west. It has the district of Firozpur to its north, Sri Muktsar Sahib to its east and Sri Ganganagar to the south and Pakistan to its west.

Geography[edit]

It has extreme climate, with the summers being very hot and the winters being very cold. The River Sutlej runs through the district and moves over to the Pakistan side through the Indo-Pakistani border.

Administration[edit]

The district's chief executive is the Deputy Commissioner. As of 2014 the office was held by Mr. Manjeet Brar, IAS.

The district is administratively subdivided into three tehsils:

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Fazilka district has a population of 1,180,483.[6]

Punjabi is the most spoken language of the district and is spoken by the majority of the population. Also Hindi is widely spoken by people in this area.

Religion[edit]

Hinduism and Sikhism are the main religions of Fazilka district. The Arora community of Punjabi Hindus constitute a sizeable population in the district. With the migration of the non-Muslim population from Pakistan to India in 1947, they settled here in this region of Firozpur district.

In the Firozpur Religion Census 2011,[7] 84.97% of the Fazilka tehsil of Firozpur district registered their religion as Hindu and 13.35% registered as Sikh.

Towns in Fazilka District - Firozpur Religion Census 2011[8]
Towns Majority Religion Population Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Religions Not Stated
Fazilka Hindu 76,492 84.97% 0.45% 0.89% 13.35% 0.01% 0.25% 0.00% 0.08%
Abohar Hindu 145,302 83.27% 0.44% 0.42% 15.62% 0.06% 0.12% 0.01% 0.05%
Jalalabad Hindu 39,525 68.56% 0.49% 0.15% 30.75% 0.02% 0.00% 0.01% 0.03%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of Fazilka".
  2. ^ "DISTRICT PROFILE AT A GLANCE".
  3. ^ Eye on urban voter, Fazilka, Pathankot made districts
  4. ^ "Khalistan the politics of passion".
  5. ^ "Rajiv-Longowal accord: Mathew Commission delivers an unexpected anti-climax".
  6. ^ "DISTRICT PROFILE AT A GLANCE".
  7. ^ "Firozpur Religion Census 2011".
  8. ^ "Firozpur Religion Census 2011".