List of birds of Africa

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This is a list of the bird species recorded in Africa. The area covered by this list is the Africa region defined by the American Birding Association's listing rules.[1] In addition to the continent itself, the area includes Socotra in the Arabian Sea, Zanzibar, the Canary Islands, and São Tomé, Príncipe, and Annobon in the Gulf of Guinea. It does not include Madeira, the Azores, Cape Verde, the Sinai Peninsula, Madagascar, Seychelles or the Comoro Islands.

This list is that of the African Bird Club (ABC) supplemented by Bird Checklists of the World (Avibase) and The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World.[2][3][4]

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) are those of the Clements list. Taxonomic changes are on-going. As more research is gathered from studies of distribution, behavior, and DNA, the names, sequence, and number of families and species change every year. Furthermore, different approaches to ornithological nomenclature have led to concurrent systems of classification (see Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy). Differences in common and scientific names between the Clements taxonomy and that of the ABC are frequent but are seldom noted here.

By the numbers[edit]

This list contains 2341 species. Of them, 1562 (67%) are endemic to the area covered here. Fourteen entire families containing 156 species are endemic to Africa, and all of the African members of seven other families are as well. These families are usually noted with text. Individual endemic species found in a single country are tagged (E-Country); the rest of the endemics are tagged (E) or noted in text. Other species, not tagged here, are found only on the continent and Madagascar. Tanzania and the island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe each have 26 endemic species, the most of any African countries. The 18 countries which have endemics and the number in each are listed below.

Countries with endemic species:

  • Algeria (1)
  • Angola (10)
  • Cameroon (7)
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo (12)
  • Djibouti (1)
  • Equatorial Guinea (3)
  • Ethiopia (15)
  • Kenya (8)
  • Liberia (1)
  • Namibia (1)
  • Nigeria (2)
  • São Tomé and Príncipe (26)
  • Somalia (9)
  • South Africa (16)
  • Sudan (2)
  • Tanzania (26)
  • Uganda (1)
  • Zambia (2)

The ABC classifies 148 species as vagrants; they are tagged (V). Some of them occur fairly frequently but are far outside their normal ranges; several have only a single record. The ABC notes that six of the species on the list were introduced to the continent.


Contents

Ostriches[edit]

Order: Struthioniformes   Family: Struthionidae

Ducks, geese, and waterfowl[edit]

Hartlaub's duck occurs only in the forest regions

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

Guineafowl[edit]

Vulturine guineafowl in Tsavo East National Park, Kenya

Order: Galliformes   Family: Numididae

New World quail[edit]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae

Pheasant, grouse, and allies[edit]

Red-billed spurfowl in Namibia

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Loons[edit]

Order: Gaviiformes   Family: Gaviidae

Grebes[edit]

Order: Podicipediformes   Family: Podicipedidae

Flamingos[edit]

Order: Phoenicopteriformes   Family: Phoenicopteridae

Penguins[edit]

Order: Sphenisciformes   Family: Spheniscidae

Albatrosses[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Diomedeidae

Shearwaters and petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Procellariidae

Storm-petrels[edit]

Order: Procellariiformes   Family: Hydrobatidae

Tropicbirds[edit]

Order: Phaethontiformes   Family: Phaethontidae

Storks[edit]

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Frigatebirds[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Fregatidae

Boobies and gannets[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Sulidae

Cormorants and shags[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Darters[edit]

Order: Suliformes   Family: Anhingidae

Pelicans[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Pelecanidae

Shoebill[edit]

Shoebill

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Balaenicipitidae

Hamerkop[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Scopidae

Heron, egrets, and bitterns[edit]

The black heron is endemic to Africa and Madagascar

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Ardeidae

Ibises and spoonbills[edit]

Order: Pelecaniformes   Family: Threskiornithidae

Secretarybird[edit]

Secretarybird in Serengeti National Park

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Sagittariidae

Osprey[edit]

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Pandionidae

Hawks, eagles and kites[edit]

Wahlberg's eagle is an intra-African migrant

Order: Accipitriformes   Family: Accipitridae

Bustards[edit]

Black-bellied bustard is the most widespread bustard species in Africa

Order: Otidiformes   Family: Otididae

Rails, crakes, gallinules, and coots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Rallidae

Flufftails[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Sarothruridae

(All the listed species are endemic to Africa)

Finfoots[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Heliornithidae

Cranes[edit]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Sheathbills[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Chionididae

Thick-knees[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Burhinidae

Egyptian plover[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Pluvianidae

Stilts and avocets[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Recurvirostridae

Oystercatchers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Haematopodidae

Plovers and lapwings[edit]

The vulnerable sociable lapwing winters in north east Africa

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Charadriidae

Painted-snipes[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Rostratulidae

Jacanas[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Jacanidae

Sandpipers and allies[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Buttonquail[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Turnicidae

Crab-plover[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Dromadidae

Pratincoles and coursers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Glareolidae

Skuas and jaegers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

Auks, murres, and puffins[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Alcidae

Gulls, terns, and skimmers[edit]

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Sandgrouse[edit]

Order: Pterocliformes   Family: Pteroclididae

Pigeons and doves[edit]

Adamawa turtle-dove, localised resident of west central Africa

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

Turacos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Musophagidae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Cuckoos[edit]

Order: Cuculiformes   Family: Cuculidae

Barn-owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Tytonidae

Typical owls[edit]

Order: Strigiformes   Family: Strigidae

Nightjars[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Caprimulgidae

Swifts[edit]

Order: Caprimulgiformes   Family: Apodidae

Mousebirds[edit]

Order: Coliiformes   Family: Coliidae

(All the listed species are endemic to Africa)

Trogons[edit]

Order: Trogoniformes   Family: Trogonidae

Hoopoes[edit]

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Upupidae

Woodhoopoes and scimitarbills[edit]

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Phoeniculidae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Ground-hornbills[edit]

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Bucorvidae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Hornbills[edit]

Order: Bucerotiformes   Family: Bucerotidae

(Despite its name, the African gray hornbill is not endemic to Africa as defined here)

Kingfishers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Alcedinidae

Bee-eaters[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Meropidae

Rollers[edit]

Order: Coraciiformes   Family: Coraciidae

African barbets[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Lybiidae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Honeyguides[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Indicatoridae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Woodpeckers[edit]

Order: Piciformes   Family: Picidae

Falcons[edit]

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Old World parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittaculidae

African and New World parrots[edit]

Order: Psittaciformes   Family: Psittacidae

African and green broadbills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calyptomenidae

Asian and Grauer's broadbills[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Eurylaimidae

Pittas[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pittidae

Wattle-eyes and batises[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Platysteiridae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Helmetshrikes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vangidae

(All the listed species are endemic to Africa)

Bushshrikes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Malaconotidae

(The entire family except for black-crowned tchagra is endemic to Africa)

Cuckooshrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Campephagidae

(All the listed species are endemic to Africa)

Shrikes[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Laniidae

Vireos[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Vireonidae

Old World orioles[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Oriolidae

Drongos[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Dicruridae

(All the listed species are endemic to Africa)

Monarch flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Monarchidae

Crows, jays, magpies, and ravens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Corvidae

Rockfowl[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Picathartidae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Rockjumpers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Chaetopidae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Bearded reedling[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Panuridae

Nicators[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Nicatoridae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Larks[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Alaudidae

Swallows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

Fairy flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Stenostiridae

(All the listed species are endemic to Africa)

Tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Paridae

Penduline-tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Remizidae

Long-tailed tits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Aegithalidae

Nuthatches[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sittidae

Wallcreeper[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Tichodromidae

Treecreepers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Certhiidae

Wrens[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Troglodytidae

Dippers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cinclidae

Bulbuls[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pycnonotidae

Kinglets[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Regulidae

African warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Macrosphenidae

(Despite the family's name, one species is not endemic to Africa)

Bush warblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Scotocercidae

Leaf warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae

Reed warblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Acrocephalidae

Grassbirds and allies[edit]

The fan-tailed grassbird occurs in the moist uplands of central and eastern Africa.

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Locustellidae

Cisticolas and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Cisticolidae

Old World warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sylviidae

White-eyes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Zosteropidae

Ground babblers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Pellorneidae

(All the listed species are endemic to Africa)

Laughingthrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Leiothrichidae

Sugarbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Promeropidae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Dapple-throat and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Modulatricidae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Hyliotas[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hyliotidae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Old World flycatchers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Muscicapidae

Thrushes and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

Mockingbirds and thrashers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Mimidae

Starlings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Sturnidae

Oxpeckers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Buphagidae

(The entire family is endemic to Africa)

Sunbirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Nectariniidae

Accentors[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Prunellidae

Wagtails and pipits[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Motacillidae

Waxwings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Bombycillidae

Hypocolius[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hypocoliidae

Longspurs and snow buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Calcariidae

New World warblers[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Parulidae

Old World buntings[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Emberizidae

Finches and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Fringillidae

Old World sparrows[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Passeridae

Weavers and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Ploceidae

Waxbills and allies[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Estrildidae

Indigobirds[edit]

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Viduidae

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The ABC checklist contains tropical boubou with the scientific name L. aethiopicus, which Clements assigns to Ethiopian boubou. Clements lists both species as present in Africa so they are included here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Description of the Listing Areas and Regions from the American Birding Association.
  2. ^ Lack, Peter (March 2010). "Checklist of African Birds". African Bird Club. Retrieved 22 August 2017. 
  3. ^ Lepage, Denis. "Bird Checklists of the World - Africa". Avibase. Retrieved 22 August 2017. 
  4. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/ Retrieved 18 August 2017

See also[edit]