List of tallest buildings in Seattle
Seattle, Washington, the most populous city in the Pacific Northwest region of North America, has 116 completed high-rise buildings over 240 feet (73 m), of which 40 are over 400 feet (120 m) tall. An additional 65 high-rise buildings are under construction or undergoing planning and design review, as of 2016[update].
The tallest building in Seattle is the 76-story Columbia Center, which rises 937 feet (286 m) and was completed in 1985. It is currently the 29th-tallest building in the United States, and the tallest building in the state of Washington. The second-tallest skyscraper in the city and the state is 1201 Third Avenue, which rises 772 feet (235 m) and was completed in 1988. The 20 tallest buildings in Washington are all located in Seattle.[better source needed]
In terms of the number of skyscrapers over 493 feet (150 m), Seattle's skyline is ranked first in the Northwestern United States, third on the West Coast (after Los Angeles and San Francisco) and tenth in North America.
After the Great Seattle Fire of June 6, 1889, Seattle began reconstruction of the city's central business district under a new building code requiring the use of fireproof materials, such as stone and brick. By the end of 1890, 465 buildings had been built, completing the initial phase of reconstruction, and city boosters looked to build modern high-rise buildings after the infusion of new money from the Klondike gold rush later that decade. The Pioneer Building, whose observation tower surpassed 110 feet (34 m), was completed in 1892 and is regarded as the city's first modern high-rise building. The Alaska Building, completed in 1904 and rising 203 feet (62 m) above 2nd Avenue in Pioneer Square, is considered to be Seattle's first skyscraper and first steel-framed high-rise building. It held the title of tallest habitable building in the city until the completion of the 205-foot (62 m), 18-story Hoge Building in 1911. Both buildings had been surpassed in height by the clocktower of King Street Station, opened in 1906, which stands 245 feet (75 m) tall.
Seattle's continued growth at the turn of the century, bolstered by the hosting of the Alaska–Yukon–Pacific Exposition in 1909 and the opening of the Metropolitan Tract to development, led to a building boom north of Yesler Way in the modern-day downtown. On July 4, 1914, firearm and typewriter magnate Lyman Cornelius Smith opened the 484-foot-tall (148 m) Smith Tower, the city's new tallest building. For several years, the 38-story tower would hold the title of tallest west of the Mississippi River, and dominate the Seattle skyline. By the end of the 1920s building boom, several new Art Deco high-rises above 200 feet (61 m) were completed in Seattle, including the Medical Dental Building (1925), Seattle Tower (1930), Roosevelt Hotel (1929), Washington Athletic Club (1930), Textile Tower Building (1930), Harborview Medical Center (1931), and Pacific Tower (1933).
New high-rise construction in Seattle was halted during the Great Depression and World War II, and slowed during the post-war economic boom in the 1950s, as suburbanization took hold in the region. The first new building in downtown to be built after the war was the Norton Building in 1959, a 19-story office building in the International Style with a glass curtain wall and simple exterior features, a departure from the previous Neo-Gothic and Art Deco styles used in high-rises. Seattle was selected to host the World's Fair in 1962, revitalizing the downtown area and bringing the construction of the fairgrounds' centerpiece, the Space Needle. The 605-foot (184 m) observation tower became the symbol of the fair and a landmark for Seattle, and was the first new structure to surpass the Smith Tower in height.
The 50-story Seafirst Building (now Safeco Plaza) became the city's tallest when it opened in 1969, standing 630 feet (190 m), and signaled the start of a major construction boom in Downtown Seattle. The boom would last well into the 1980s, despite an economic downturn caused by the Boeing bust and 1970s energy crisis, and introduce elements of Modernist and Postmodern architecture to high-rise construction in the city. During this period, 15 skyscrapers taller than 400 feet (122 m) in height were constructed in Seattle, including 901 Fifth Avenue (1973), the Wells Fargo Center (1973), the Henry M. Jackson Federal Building (1974), 1600 Seventh Avenue (1976), Rainier Tower (1977), 1111 Third Avenue (1980), 800 Fifth Avenue (1981), Union Square (1981 and 1989), and the Westin Building. In total, more than 14 million square feet (1,300,000 m2) of office space was added by new construction in the 1980s. In 1984, the 76-story, 943-foot (287 m) Columbia Center was completed, becoming the tallest building in Seattle and on the West Coast of the United States. During the 1980s, the suburb of Bellevue emerged as an urban center, boasting a skyline of its own that would continue to grow well into the 21st century.
The boom of the 1980s was capped by the Columbia Center and other downtown towers such as 1000 Second Avenue (1987), 1201 Third Avenue (1988), the U.S. Bank Centre (1989) and the Gateway Tower (1990), with new downtown office space in the decade surpassing what had been built over the previous 100 years in Seattle. The new wave of development sparked fears of "Manhattanization" in downtown that would push out lower-income residents and reduce quality of life. A downtown land use plan adopted in 1984 and shelved until 1986 required the addition of public benefits for major construction projects. Opposition to the new downtown plan, which would allow "generous" new construction unhindered by a height limit, led to the creation of the "Citizen's Alternative Plan", which would limit buildings to 450 feet (140 m) and restrict development to an annual limit of 1 million square feet (93,000 m2) of space per year. The plan was approved by voters as a ballot initiative on May 16, 1989, replacing the land use plan and introduced the city's modern design review process for new development.
Development of new high-rises slowed down across U.S. cities during the early 1990s recession as demand caught up to an over-built market, with Seattle's 1980s office buildings suffering from a lack of tenants that forced ownership changes or the threat of bankruptcy and foreclosure. By 1992, vacancy rates for office space in Downtown Seattle reached 14.7 percent, while vacancy rates in outlying suburbs remained much lower. The dot-com bubble of the late 1990s, including a local economy boosted by Boeing and Microsoft, led a cut of the vacancy rate to 6 percent by 1997; between 1997 and 1999, new office buildings created an average of 1.5 million square feet (140,000 m2) of additional office space per year. After the burst of the dot-com bubble and the early 2000s recession, downtown office vacancies shot up from 1 percent to 13 percent by the end of 2001.
Two major downtown projects, the IDX Tower (2003) and WaMu Center (2006), were completed during the early 2000s and were the first office buildings to be built since the Key Tower in 1990. By the mid-2000s, office vacancies in Downtown Seattle improved to below 10 percent, but office developers were hesitant to break ground on new projects. A new downtown zoning plan adopted in 2006 effectively repealed the 1989 Citizens' Alternative Plan and its modified 540-foot (160 m) height limit, favoring unlimited heights in downtown and 400-foot (120 m) residential towers on the periphery of downtown. The new zoning plan set off a wave of high-rise residential development in the late 2000s, including the completion of Fifteen Twenty-One Second Avenue (2008), Escala (2009), and Olive 8 (2009), coming at the peak of the United States housing bubble and the demand for downtown luxury condominiums before the Great Recession.
During the Great Recession, downtown office vacancies rose to a record 21 percent by the beginning of 2010, but dropped to 10 percent by 2013; the downturn was partially blamed on the collapse of Washington Mutual, which employed 3,500 in its downtown offices. The surge in demand for office space revived several proposed downtown high-rise office projects, including The Mark and Madison Centre, both exceeding 500 feet (150 m) in height and planned to open in 2017. Other planned office and mixed-use buildings in Downtown Seattle include 2&U, the stalled Civic Square project, and the Rainier Square Tower, proposed to be the city's second-tallest building at 850 feet (260 m). Since 2010, developers have also proposed high-rise residential buildings in Downtown Seattle, including a supertall 101-story tower named 4/C, which would become the city's tallest building at 1,029 feet (314 m), and the 880-foot (270 m) 888 Tower.
Recent high-rise development in Seattle has been concentrated in the Denny Triangle and South Lake Union areas to the north of Downtown Seattle, both rezoned to support development in the 2000s after decades of supporting industrial and low-rise commercial establishments. Office development came first to the Denny Triangle area in the mid-2000s, with the construction of the United States Courthouse (2004) and 1918 Eighth Avenue (2009). In 2012, Amazon.com announced their intention to relocate their South Lake Union headquarters to a complex of high-rises in Denny Triangle; the first towers, the 520-foot (160 m) Doppler and Day 1, opened in 2016, and at least three more towers are in development. The Denny Triangle also hosts the region's largest hotel, the 45-story Hyatt Regency Seattle near the Washington State Convention Center, which was completed in 2018.
Residential developments in the Denny Triangle area above 400 feet (120 m) include Aspira (2010), Premiere on Pine (2015), Cirrus (2015), and the under construction Kinects, Stratus, McKenzie Apartments, and Tilt 49. The Denny Way corridor in South Lake Union, upzoned in 2013 by the city council, is proposed to support at least seven high-rise residential buildings above 400 feet (120 m) in height, including the under construction 970 Denny Way. Other parts of downtown Seattle have also been recipients of high-rise residential development, including the twin Insignia Towers in Belltown (2015–2016), Tower 12, Helios and 2nd & Pike near Pike Place Market.
Tallest completed buildings
This list ranks Seattle skyscrapers that stand at least 400 feet (122 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed. Freestanding observation towers, while not habitable buildings, are included for comparison purposes; however, they are not ranked.
|1||Columbia Center||937 (286)||76||Office||1985||
|2||1201 Third Avenue||772 (235)||55||Office||1988|
|3||Two Union Square||740 (226)||56||Office||1989|
|4||Seattle Municipal Tower||722 (220)||57||Office||1990||
|5||F5 Tower||660 (201)||43||Office/Hotel||2017||
|6||Safeco Plaza||630 (192)||50||Office||1969||
|7||U.S. Bank Centre||606 (185)||44||Office||1989|
|—||Space Needle[C]||605 (184)||5||Observation||1962||
|8||Russell Investments Center||598 (182)||42||Office||2006||
|9||Wells Fargo Center||573 (175)||47||Office||1983|
|10||800 Fifth Avenue||543 (166)||42||Office||1981||
|11||901 Fifth Avenue||536 (163)||41||Office||1973||
|12||Madison Centre||530 (162)||36||Office||2017|
|14||Day 1||521 (159)||37||Office||2016|
|15||Rainier Tower||514 (157)||31||Office||1977|
|16||Fourth and Madison Building||512 (156)||40||Office||2002|
|17||1918 Eighth Avenue||500 (152)||36||Office||2009|
|Hyatt Regency Seattle||500 (152)||45||Hotel||2018||
|19||1600 Seventh Avenue||498 (152)||33||Office||1976|
|20||1000 Second Avenue||493 (150)||43||Office||1987|
|21||Henry M. Jackson Federal Building||487 (148)||37||Office||1974|
|22||Smith Tower||462 (141)||42||Office, Residential||1914||
|23||One Union Square||456 (139)||36||Office||1981|
|24||Olive 8||455 (139)||39||Hotel, Residential||2009|
|25||1111 Third Avenue||454 (138)||34||Office||1980|
|26||Westin Seattle North Tower||449 (137)||47||Hotel||1982|
|27||McKenzie Apartments||446 (136)||39||Residential||2018|
|28||Fifteen Twenty-One Second Avenue||440 (134)||38||Residential||2008|
|Premiere on Pine||440 (134)||42||Residential||2014|
|Insignia South Tower||440 (134)||41||Residential||2015|
|Insignia North Tower||440 (134)||41||Residential||2016|
|AMLI Arc||440 (134)||36||Office, Residential||2017|
|Stratus||440 (134)||41||Retail, Residential||2018|
|Arrivé||440 (134)||41||Hotel, Residential||2019|
|38||West Edge Tower||435 (133)||35||Retail/Residential||2018|
|40||Westin Building||409 (125)||34||Office||1981|
Tallest under construction, approved and proposed
This lists skyscrapers that are under construction in Seattle that are expected to rise over 400 feet (122 m), but are not yet completed structures.
|Year of completion
|Rainier Square Tower||849 (259)||59||Hotel, Office, Residential||2017||2020||
|Amazon Tower III (Block 20)||535 (163)||38||Office||2017||2019|
|Third & Lenora||440 (134)||36||Office, Residential||2017||2019|
|1200 Stewart Street Tower I||440 (134)||41||Residential||2018||2021||
|1200 Stewart Street Tower II||440 (134)||41||Residential||2018||2021||
|The Emerald||435 (133)||40||Residential||2017||2019||
|1120 Denny Way North Tower||425 (130)||41||Residential||2017||2020||
|1120 Denny Way South Tower||415 (126)||41||Residential||2017||2020||
This lists skyscrapers that are approved for construction by the Seattle Department of Construction and Inspections that are expected to rise over 400 feet (122 m), but have not started excavation.
|8th & Pine||600 (183)||55||Residential/Hotel||—||
|2000 Third Avenue||499 (152)||46||Residential||—|
|1916 Boren Avenue||484 (148)||44||Residential||—|
|1901 Minor Ave I||440 (134)||39||Residential||—||
|1901 Minor Ave II||440 (134)||39||Residential||—||
|2300 6th Avenue Tower 1||440 (134)||41||Residential||—|
|2300 6th Avenue Tower 2||440 (134)||41||Residential||—|
* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding one or more of building heights, floor counts, and dates of completion has not yet been released.
This lists skyscrapers that are proposed for construction in Seattle that are expected to rise over 400 feet (122 m), but are not yet completed structures.
|3rd & Cherry||629 (192)||57||—||
|Altitude Sky Tower||579 (176)||50||2019|
|1933 5th Avenue||525 (160)||47||—||
|1516 2nd Avenue||499 (152)||45||—||
|2019 Boren Avenue||485 (148)||44||—||
|2025 5th Avenue||475 (145)||40||—||
|2005 5th Avenue||475 (145)||50||—||
|Onni Showbox||440 (134)||41||—|
|8 Tower||440 (134)||41||2020||
|Denny Centre||440 (134)||41||—||
|824 Howell||427 (130)||33||2019||
|121 Boren Avenue North Tower I||400 (122)||42||—|
|121 Boren Avenue North Tower II||400 (122)||42||—|
|110 9th Avenue||400 (122)||41||2018||
|2301 7th Avenue North Tower||400 (122)||40||—|
|2301 7th Avenue South Tower||400 (122)||40||—||
|1001 John Street||400 (122)||40||—||
|1800 Terry Avenue||400 (122)||35||—||
* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding one or more of building heights, floor counts, and dates of completion has not yet been released.
Timeline of tallest buildings
This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Seattle. The Space Needle is not a building, and is thus not included in this list; the 605-foot (184 m) tower was the tallest structure in the city from 1961 to 1969.
|Name||Image||Street address||Years as tallest||Height
|Pioneer Building||612 1st Avenue||1892–1904 (12 years)||110 (34)[D]||6|||
|Alaska Building||618 2nd Avenue||1904–1906 (2 years)||203 (62)||14|||
|King Street Station Tower||303 South Jackson Street||1906–1914 (8 years)||245 (75)||8|||
|Smith Tower||506 2nd Avenue||1914–1969 (55 years)||489 (149)||38|||
|Safeco Plaza||1001 4th Avenue||1969–1985 (16 years)||630 (192)||50|||
|Columbia Center||701 5th Avenue||1985–present||937 (286)||76|||
- C. ^ The Space Needle is not a habitable building, but is included in this list for comparative purposes. Per a ruling by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, freestanding observation towers are not considered to be buildings, as they are not fully habitable structures.
- D. ^ The height of the Pioneer Building was reduced to 92 feet (28 m) after the 1949 Olympia earthquake.
- General references
- Doughton, Sandi (December 21, 2018). "What if the megaquake happens when you're in a Seattle high-rise? New study predicts stronger shaking". The Seattle Times. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
- "Seattle, United States". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- "Seattle". Emporis. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- Rosenberg, Mike (June 21, 2016). "Downtown Seattle's building frenzy: 65 projects now in construction". The Seattle Times. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Bush, Evan (February 25, 2016). "Seattle's 5 tallest skyscrapers — so far". The Seattle Times. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- "Columbia Center". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- "1201 Third Avenue Tower". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- "Diagram of Washington highrises". Skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
- Ochsner, Jeffery K.; Anderson, Dennis A. (November 20, 2003). "How the Great Fire changed Seattle's architecture". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "The Great Seattle Fire". University of Washington Libraries. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- Enlow, Clair (April 24, 1997). "Lofty ambitions: Seattle's highrise builders". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- DeCoster, Dotty (April 4, 2009). "Pioneer Building, The (Seattle)". HistoryLink. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Alaska Building, Seattle's first steel-framed skyscraper, is completed in 1904". HistoryLink. January 1, 2000. Retrieved May 2, 2008.
- Hoge Building at Emporis
- Lindblom, Mike (April 25, 2013). "Dingy depot's beauty reborn". The Seattle Times. p. A1. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Ochsner, Jeffery Karl (2014). Shaping Seattle Architecture: A Historical Guide to the Architects (2nd ed.). University of Washington Press. pp. 7–31. OCLC 900434311 – via Google Books.
- Pastier, John (July 1, 2004). "Smith Tower (Seattle)". HistoryLink. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- McDermott, Terry (May 7, 1989). "High-rise: Digging the hole – Latest skyscraper rises from one man's dream, another's financial pit". The Seattle Times. p. A1.
- Norton Building at Emporis
- "Seattle's Space Needle undergoes a face lift". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. May 2, 1982. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- McDougall, Connie (August 18, 2005). "Tour of skyscrapers hits a lot of high points". The Seattle Times. p. G23. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Hayes, Jancie; Simon, Jim (June 15, 1986). "A sister urban center: Bellevue's influence is growing". The Seattle Times. p. C2.
- McDermott, Terry (December 9, 1994). "Gateway owners lose investment". The Seattle Times. p. A1. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Gordon, Bill (November 17, 1983). "City's downtown plan shuts out the old and poor, say critics". The Seattle Times. p. C2.
- Dietrich, Bill (June 24, 1984). "Public to give its opinion on skyscraper plan". The Seattle Times. p. D5.
- Wilma, David; Crowley, Walt (September 5, 2001). "Citizens' Alternative Plan, which sets growth limits for downtown Seattle, wins at the polls on May 16, 1989". HistoryLink. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Goldberger, Paul (May 16, 1989). "In Seattle, Casting Votes on the Skyline". The New York Times. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Hampson, Rick; Lane, Polly (October 29, 1995). "Skyscrapers topping out? U.S. high-rises may have reached their peak as demand diminishes". The Seattle Times. p. F1.
- McDermott, Terry (January 14, 1996). "How city's skyscrapers hit bottom". The Seattle Times. p. A1. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Alexander, Karen (July 21, 1992). "Office space tight in North End". THe Seattle Times. p. C4.
- Moriwaki, Lee (January 21, 1997). "Economic boom cuts office vacancies; as Puget Sound market tightens, tenants look south". The Seattle Times. p. E1.
- Lane, Polly (September 24, 1999). "Commercial real estate on roll; building booms in Seattle area". The Seattle Times. p. A1.
- Kossen, Bill (December 18, 2001). "Office space has empty look: Vacancy rates still rising; rents falling". The Seattle Times. p. C1.
- "IDX Tower". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Mason Curran, Lori (December 14, 2006). "Seattle's simmering office market about to boil". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Boyer, Tom (December 12, 2005). "Builders face towering problem: too few cranes". The Seattle Times. p. A1. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Young, Bob (April 4, 2006). "High-rise boom coming to Seattle?". The Seattle Times. p. B1. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Pryne, Eric (April 26, 2008). "Seattle luxury-condo complex Escala will raise prices". The Seattle Times. p. E1. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Pryne, Eric (April 24, 2009). "At pricey high-rise Seattle condos, some buyers back out". The Seattle Times. p. A1. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Pryne, Eric (January 20, 2010). "Vacant offices set a record in Seattle". The Seattle Times. p. A1. Archived from the original on July 5, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Campbell, Colin (July 24, 2013). "Office vacancies flat as markets wait on technology firms". The Seattle Times. p. A9. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Shevory, Kristina (October 21, 2008). "Even in Resilient Seattle, Office Vacancy Rate Is Rising". The New York Times. p. B4. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
- "2 towers long on ice show signs of a thaw". The Seattle Times. February 10, 2013. p. D1. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Bhatt, Sanjay (November 5, 2014). "Rainier Square redo will put apartments high in the sky". The Seattle Times. p. A15. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Bhatt, Sanjay (September 22, 2015). "101-story skyscraper on Seattle's Fourth Avenue proposed". The Seattle Times. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Bhatt, Sanjay (July 8, 2015). "Innovative project would be Seattle's second-tallest building". The Seattle Times. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Johnson, Kirk; Wingfield, Nick (August 25, 2013). "As Amazon Stretches, Seattle's Downtown Is Reshaped". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Blume, Bruce M. (July 26, 2007). "Seattle's urban boundaries push outward". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Pryne, Eric (February 16, 2012). "Amazon to buy Denny Triangle property; plans 3 big office towers". The Seattle Times. p. A1. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Stiles, Marc (December 28, 2016). "$19.2M deal suggests Amazon may build a fifth tower in downtown Seattle". The Seattle Times. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Rosenberg, Mike (October 5, 2016). "Pacific Northwest's largest hotel, in downtown Seattle, will be a Hyatt". The Seattle Times. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Bhatt, Sanjay (August 28, 2015). "Two more tall towers join parade along Denny Way". p. A1. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Cohen, Aubrey (June 4, 2013). "Columbia Center observation deck to get 360-degree view". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- Bhatt, Sanjay (October 2, 2014). "Downtown tower gets new name as ownership shifts". The Seattle Times. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
- "Construction Updates for Blocks 14, 19 & 20 – Sellen Construction". Sellen Construction. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- Pryne, Eric (November 29, 2012). "Amazon towers win key approval". The Seattle Times. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
- "With Amazon signed, work begins on Rainier Square redevelopment". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce.
- "City OKs design for Selig's 2031 Third, which will combine WeWork, WeLive". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce.
- Stiles, Marc (August 31, 2017). "Unprecedented high-rise construction is playing out in Seattle". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- Zhou, Nuoya (July 20, 2017). "Construction starts on condo tower by Pike Place Market". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved November 15, 2017. (Subscription required (help)).
- Stubbs, Jack (February 7, 2018). "55-Story Tower in Downtown Seattle Approved at Design Review Recommendation Meeting". The Registry. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
- Levy, Nat (June 2, 2017). "Sphere of influence: 46-story tower near Amazon campus will have domed top reminiscent of tech giant's new landmark". GeekWire. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
- Rosenberg, Mike (June 2, 2017). "Seattle sphere craze continues with giant dome planned atop skyscraper". The Seattle Times. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
- Bentley, Kristin (September 2, 2016). "Miami-Based Crescent Heights Approved To Move Forward With 1004-Unit Residential Project In Seattle's Denny Triangle". The Registry. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
- Bhatt, Sanjay (September 22, 2015). "101-story skyscraper on Seattle's Fourth Avenue proposed". The Seattle Times.
- "Crescent Heights: 4/C tower will be 1,111 feet". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Miller, Brian (October 31, 2017). "Here's Bosa's Civic Square design, with 520 condos, retail and plazas". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
- "Stanford Hotels eyes 50-story tower with a hotel and housing". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. July 9, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- "Condos atop apartments atop hotel add up to 'Altitude Sky Tower' in Seattle (slideshow)". Puget Sound Business Journal. December 11, 2014. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- "New York developer eyeing tower on 5th". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. January 30, 2015. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
- Stiles, Marc; Garnick, Coral (August 22, 2018). "Condo skyscraper planned for Chromer Building property, former site of Amazon offices and Elysian Bar". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved August 23, 2018. (Subscription required (help)).
- Miller, Brian (February 26, 2018). "Holland buying more of key block from Cornish". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- Miller, Brian (August 3, 2018). "1920 building on Third not a landmark; Selig tower is up for review". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- "Vulcan eyes 44-story Fifth & Lenora tower". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. April 25, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- Miller, Brian (November 29, 2017). "Here's Chainqui Development's plan for a new 44-story tower in Belltown". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- Roseburg, Mike; Rietmulder, Michael (July 25, 2018). "Seattle's Showbox apparently to be demolished for apartment high-rise". The Seattle Times. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
- Miller, Brian (September 20, 2017). "Shilla Tower — now 8 Tower — will have 42 stories and 312 apartments". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- Miller, Brian (February 3, 2017). "Bosa Properties completes EIS for 42-story tower on Fairview". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved January 22, 2018. (Subscription required (help)).
- Miller, Brian (November 20, 2017). "Hedreen to show design for hotel at 824 Howell". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved January 22, 2018. (Subscription required (help)).
- Stiles, Marc (August 27, 2015). "Two-tower project will sandwich the Seattle Times, demolish 13 Coins building". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- "Another doozy for South Lake Union: two 42-story towers with 840 units". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. August 27, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- "Design review for 2 new Vulcan towers". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. June 13, 2014. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
- "Here's the latest look for Clise's twin towers". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. January 13, 2016. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- Levy, Nat (July 31, 2015). "Mack eyes 40-story tower for SLU site". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved August 11, 2015.
- Minnick, Benjamin (December 14, 2015). "35-story tower at 1800 Terry may be built using modular system". Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
- "Space Needle". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved October 28, 2007.