Māllīnātha

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Māllīnātha
19th Jain Tirthankara
Mallinatha
Mallinatha statue at Anwa, Rajasthan
Venerated inJainism
PredecessorAranatha
SuccessorMunisuvrata
SymbolUrn or Kalasa[1]
Height25 dhanusha (75 meters)
Age56,000 years
ColorBlue
Personal information
BornAyodhya
DiedShikharji
Parents
  • Kumbha (father)
  • Rakshita (mother)

Māllīnātha (Prakrit Mālliṇātha, "Lord of jasmine or seat") was the 19th tīrthaṅkara "ford-maker" of the present avasarpiṇī age in Jainism. Jain texts indicate Mālliṇāha was born at Mithila into the Ikshvaku dynasty to King Kumbha and Queen Prajâvatî. Tīrthaṅkara Māllīnātha lived for over 56,000 years, out of which 54,800 years less six days, was with omniscience (Kevala Jnana).

Mallinatha is believed to be a woman named Malli bai by swetambar Jains while Digambara sect believes all 24 tirthankara to be man including Māllīnātha. Digambara tradition, believes a women can reach to the 16th heaven and can attain liberation only being reborn as a man. Digambara tradition says Mallinatha was a son born in a royal family, and worships Mallinatha as a male.[2][3] However, the Svetambara tradition of Jainism states that Māllīnātha was female with a name Malli bai.[4]


Biography[edit]

Māllīnātha (Prakrit Mālliṇāha, "Lord Jasmine") was the 19th tīrthaṅkara "ford-maker" of the present avasarpiṇī age in Jainism.[5] Jain scriptures indicate Mālliṇāha was born at Mithila into the Ikshvaku dynasty to King Kumbha and Queen Prajâvatî.[6][5] Tīrthaṅkara Māllīnātha lived for over 56,000 years, out of which 54,800 years less six days, was with omniscience (Kevala Jnana).[7]

According to Jain beliefs, Mālliṇāha became a siddha, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karma.[8]

Literature[edit]

  1. Jnatrdharmakathah gives the story of Lord Mallinath is said to be composed by Ganadhara Sudharmaswami.[citation needed]
  2. Mallinathapurana was written by Nagachandra in 1105 CE.[citation needed]

Main temples[edit]

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Tandon 2002, p. 45.
  2. ^ Dundas 2002, p. 56.
  3. ^ Umakant P. Shah 1987, pp. 159-160.
  4. ^ Vallely 2002, p. 15.
  5. ^ a b Tukol 1980, p. 31.
  6. ^ Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 202.
  7. ^ Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 203.
  8. ^ Jaini 1998, p. 40n.
  9. ^ Sandhya, C D’Souza (19 November 2010), Chaturmukha Basadi: Four doors to divinity Last updated, Deccan Herald

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]