View on Mrkonjić Grad
Location of Mrkonjić Grad within Republika Srpska
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Mayor||Divna Aničić (SNSD) |
|• Total||677,43 km2 (26,156 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||26,8/km2 (690/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Mrkonjić Grad (Serbian Cyrillic: Мркоњић Град; pronounced [mr̩koɲit͡ɕ grad]) is a town and municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the Republika Srpska entity. It is located in the Bosanska Krajina, between Banja Luka and Jajce.
The city changed its name several times in history: Gornje Kloke, Novo Jajce, Varcarev Vakuf, Varcar Vakuf, and ultimately the present one. The last renaming took place in 1924 after King Peter I of Serbia, who had taken the nom de guerre "Mrkonjić" while fighting in the uprising (1875–78) against the Ottoman Empire.
In World War II, the city became renowned by the first meeting of ZAVNOBiH on 25 November 1943, when Bosnia and Herzegovina was proclaimed as a common republic of Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats.
During the Bosnian War from 1992 to 1995, the city was in Bosnian Serbs hands. On 8-12 October 1995, the Croatian Army and the Croatian Defence Council (HVO) took over Mrkonjić Grad. The city is also known for the Mrkonjić Grad incident where the USAF lost one F-16 in June 1995. The pilot of the jet, Scott O'Grady, was stranded in the area for six days before being rescued by US Marines.
After the Dayton peace agreement the city was assigned to the entity of Republika Srpska. In 1996, a mass grave containing the bodies of 181 Serbs—mostly civilians—was uncovered in Mrkonjić Grad. Almost all were killed by Bosniak and Croat forces in late 1995.
According to the 1910 census, the absolute majority in the Varcar Vakuf municipality were Serbian Orthodox Christians.
- 22,734 Serbs (75.38%)
- 4,990 Bosniaks (16.55%)
- 2,204 Croats (7.31%)
- 98 Yugoslavs (0.32%)
- 133 others (0.44%)
- 23,009 Serbs (77.51%)
- 3,364 Bosniaks (11.33%)
- 2,290 Croats (7.71%)
- 855 Yugoslavs (2.88%)
- 166 others (0.56%)
In the 1991 census, the municipality of Mrkonjić Grad had 37,379 residents, including:
- 33,275 Serbs
- 1,159 Bosniaks
- 2,141 Croats
- 584 Yugoslavs
- 220 others
- http://www.izbori.ba/documents/Rezultati%20izbora%202004/Utvrdjeni/2004NacelniciRS.pdf[dead link]
- NATO-Allied Forces Southern Europe Website Accessed 17 March 2011
- The Dayton Peace Accords Accessed 17 March 2011
- "Another Mass Grave Is Excavated in Bosnia". The New York Times. 6 April 1996. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- Municipality of Mrkonjić Grad
- Mrkonjić Grad - Internet - Live & Exclusive from MG
- Mrkonjić Grad Portal
- Zelenkovac Art gallery
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