Nise da Silveira
|Nise da Silveira|
Nise da Silveira, in 1970
|Born||February 15, 1905|
Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil
|Died||October 30, 1999 (aged 94)|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Alma mater||Universidade Federal da Bahia|
|Spouse(s)||Mário Magalhães da Silveira|
Silveira was born in Maceió, in the northeastern state of Alagoas, Brazil, in 1905. After graduating from the Medical School of Bahia in 1926 (the only woman among 157 men, she devoted her life to psychiatry and never was in agreement with the aggressive forms of treatment of her time such as commitment to psychiatric hospitals, electroshock, insulin therapy and lobotomy.
In 1952 she founded the Museum of Images of the Unconscious in Rio de Janeiro, a study and research center that collected the works produced in painting and modeling studios. Through her work, Nise da Silveira introduced Jungian psychology in Brazil.
A few years later, in 1956, Nise da Silveira developed another revolutionary project for her time: the creation of the "Casa das Palmeiras" (Palms House), a clinic for former patients of psychiatric institutions, where they could freely express their art and be treated as outpatients on a daily basis. She also formed the C.G. Jung Study Group, which she chaired until 1968.
Her research on occupational therapy and the understanding of the psychotic process through images of the unconscious gave origin, along the years, to exhibitions, films, documentaries, audiovisuals, courses, symposiums, publications and conferences. She was also a pioneer in researching emotional relations between patients and animals, whom she used to call co-therapists.
In recognition of her work, Nise da Silveira was awarded decorations, titles and prizes in different areas of knowledge. She was a founding member of the International Society for Psychopathological Expression headquartered in Paris, France. Her work and ideas inspired the creation of Museums, Cultural Centers and Therapeutic Institutions in Brazil and overseas.
- "Os 10 anos da morte de Nise da Silveira".
- "A look into the life of a famed Brazilian psychiatrist". www.international.ucla.edu.
- Casa das Palmeiras. A Emoção de Lidar. Uma Experiência em Psiquiatria Rio de Janeiro: Alhambra, 1986
- Cartas a Spinoza Rio de Janeiro: Francisco Alves, 1995
- Expérience d'art Spontané chez des Schizophrènes dans un Service de Therapeutique Occupationelle (co-operation with Dr. Pierre Le Gallais, II International Psychiatry Congresso in Zurig), Congress Report vol. IV, 380–386, 1957.
- Fernando Portela Câmara: "Vida e obra de Nise da Silveira" [Journal of Psychiatry On-Line Brazil], 2002
- Gatos, A Emoção de Lidar. Rio de Janeiro: Léo Christiano Editorial, 1998
- Gullar Ferreira. "Nise da Silveira: uma psiquiatra rebelde," 1996
- Id.: "A contribuição de Nise da Silveira para a Psicologia Junguiana" – [Journal of Psychiatry On-Line Brazil], 2004
- Imagens do inconsciente Rio de Janeiro: Alhambra, 1981
- João A. Frayze-Pereira: "Nise da Silveira: Imagens do Inconsciente entre Psicologia, Arte e Política" in Estudos Avançados. vol.17 n° 49 São Paulo Set./Dic. 2003
- Jung: Vida e Obra, Rio de Janeiro: José Álvaro Ed., 1968
- Nise da Silveira Brasil, COGEAE/PUC-SP 1992
- O Mundo das Imagens São Paulo: Ática, 1992
- Philatelic Release (2005), n. 1, Brasil.