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North Bengal (Bengali: উত্তরবঙ্গ/উত্তর বাংলা) is a term used for the north-western part of Bangladesh and northern part of West Bengal. The Bangladesh part denotes the Rajshahi Division and Rangpur Division. Generally, it is the area lying west of Jamuna River and north of Padma River and includes the Barind Tract. The West Bengal part denotes Jalpaiguri Division (Alipurduar, Cooch Behar, Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Kalimpong) and the Malda division (Uttar Dinajpur, Dakshin Dinajpur, and Malda) together. The Bihar parts include the Kishanganj district. It also includes parts of Darjeeling Hills. Traditionally, the Ganga River divides Bengal into South Bengal and North Bengal, divided again into Terai and Dooars regions. Jalpesh and jatileswar are some of the most popular sacred places.
|Rangpur Division||Rajshahi Division|
The population of the region is 30,201,873 as per the 2011 census.
In West Bengal (India)
|Jalpaiguri division||Malda division|
The population of the region is 17,211,010 as per the 2011 census.
Cities and towns (North Bengal)
- Rajshahi, (Bangladesh) is the divisional capital of Rajshahi Division. The city has an excellent railway transport system.
- Sirajganj, (Bangladesh) is an important city situated on the bank of Jamuna River. Sirajganj District is known as the gateway to North Bengal.
- Pabna, (Bangladesh) is an important city situated on the bank of Padma River. Jagannath Temple is one of the most beautiful Hindu Temple in northern Bengal in this city.
- Ishwardi, (Bangladesh) is a city in Pabna District. It is also the headquarters of the western zone of Bangladesh Railway.
- Rangpur, (Bangladesh) is a city located in the Rangpur District. It is the headquarters of Rangpur Division. It is one of the modern cities in this division.
- Bogra, (Bangladesh) is a major city located in the Bogra district, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh. It is a major commercial hub. It is also known as the capital of North Bengal in Bangladesh. Bogra is considered the oldest city of Bengal, dating to the reign of the Great Emperor Ashoka, who ruled India from 268 to 232 BCE.
- Joypurhat Sadar (Bangladesh) is the capital of Joypurhat District. Joypurhat Sugar Mill's Limited is the largest autonomous sugar mill in Bangladesh which is in this city. Pagla Dewan Boddhovumi is one of Bangladesh's most important monuments.
- Natore (Bangladesh) is the North Bengal capital and headquarter of Natore District . Uttara Ganabhaban is located near Natore town in North Bengal. On 24 July 1967, it was designated as a gubernatorial residence by Abdul Monem Khan the governor of East Pakistan. After the independence of Bangladesh prime minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the place as his official residence in Northern Bangladesh on 9 February 1972.
- Tentulia (Bangladesh)
- Panchagarh (Bangladesh)
- Alipurduar (West Bengal) is the main commercial town of the Eastern Dooars region. Now Alipurduar is a new district.
- Buniadpur (West Bengal) is a newly planned municipal city, a census town & a sub-divisionisnal's headquarter in Dakshin Dinajpur district in North Bengal in the state of West Bengal, India.
- Madarihat (West Bengal)
- Cooch Behar (West Bengal) was once home to the famous Cooch Behar kingdom. The North Bengal State Transport Corporation operates its services from all over the region. It has its headquarters here. It also features the North Bengal State Library.
- Dalkhola (West Bengal) is a commercial town, business hub, and 4th largest railway station in North Bengal.
- Darjeeling (West Bengal) is the largest hill town in the region. It was once the summer capital of Bengal.
- Dhupguri (West Bengal) is one of the most flourishing cities of the region, due to its significant location.
- Dinhata (West Bengal)
- Falakata (West Bengal)
- Teesta Bazaar (West Bengal)
- Farakka (West Bengal)
- Gangarampur (West Bengal).
- Haldibari (West Bengal)
- Gorubathan (West Bengal)
- Bagdogra (West Bengal)
- Hasimara (West Bengal)
- Algarah (West Bengal)
- Pedong (West Bengal)
- Matigara (West Bengal)
- Labha (West Bengal)
- Rambi Bazar (West Bengal)
- Phulbari (West Bengal)
- Maharaja Hat (West Bengal)
- Mirik (West Bengal)
- Jaldhaka (West Bengal)
- Itahar (West Bengal)
- Islampur (West Bengal)
- Mekliganj (West Bengal)
- Jalpaiguri (West Bengal) Once the most important town and the home to the tea industry, it is presently the second-largest city of the region and the headquarters of the Jalpaiguri division of West Bengal. The city is home to the Circuit Bench of the Kolkata High Court and features the newly built-up Jalpaiguri Medical College. Lying, about 35 kilometres (22 mi) from one another, Siliguri and Jalpaiguri both merge up to be the largest metropolis of the region.
- Kalimpong (West Bengal) is a hill station of the region. It is the 21st district of West Bengal.
- Kurseong (West Bengal) is another hill station of the region.
- Kaliaganj (West Bengal) is a census town in Uttar Dinajpur district, North Bengal in the state of West Bengal, India.
- Malbazar (West Bengal) is one of the most important towns of North Bengal and is known for its scenic beauty and tea gardens around.
- Maynaguri (West Bengal) is also one of the most important towns in North Bengal, which is situated at the junction of several cities and connects Jalpaiguri, Malbazar, Dhupguri, Mathabhanga, Changrabandha, etc. with one other. It is also one of the most important business locations and is known as the 'Gateway to the Dooars'.
- Balurghat (West Bengal) is the headquarters of Dakshin Dinajpur district of West Bengal.
- Malda (West Bengal) English Bazar or mainly known as Malda is the second-largest city in the region and the most important commercial city. It is the headquarters of Malda division. The University of Gour Banga and Malda Medical College and Hospital are situated in this town. Malda Town railway station which is the second busiest station in this region, after New Jalpaiguri.
- Naxalbari (West Bengal) is a small hamlet in the Darjeeling district. It is the place from where the Naxalite movement draws its name and was the scene of the first Naxal agitation.
- Raiganj (West Bengal) is the district headquarters of Uttar Dinajpur.
- Siliguri (West Bengal) is the largest city of North Bengal and its commercial and transport hub. University of North Bengal is situated at Raja Rammohanpur and North Bengal Medical College and Hospital are situated at Sushrutanagar in this town. Lying, about 35 kilometres (22 mi) from one another, Siliguri and Jalpaiguri both merge up to be the largest metropolis of the region.
- Totopara (West Bengal) is a small village in Alipurduar district, and home to one of the last remaining ethnic tribes of the regions – the Totos.
- Tufanganj (West Bengal) is a city and municipality of Cooch Behar district and one of the most commercial cities in this region. A mental hospital is situated in this town and it is also known as the "Gateway of Assam".
- "University of North Bengal". www.nbu.ac.in.
- Sujit Ghosh, Colonial Economy in North Bengal: 1833–1933, Kolkata: Paschimbanga Anchalik Itihas O Loksanskriti Charcha Kendra, 2016, ISBN 978-81-926316-6-0.