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Bogra Sathmatha (Heart of Bogra)
|• Total||10.37 sq mi (26.86 km2)|
|Elevation||70 ft (20 m)|
|Time zone||Bangladesh Time (UTC+6)|
Bogra (Bengali: বগুড়া) is a city of Bogra District, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh. It is the centre of commerce and trade within Bogra District. Bogra is sometimes described as the nerve centre of Northern Bangladesh. It is also a bridge between Rajshahi Division and Rangpur Division. The area of the city is approximately 26.86 km2 (10.37 sq mi), and Present Mayor of the municipality is Adv. Mahabubar Rahman. The Bogra city Area has a population of 266,930 people. It consists of 21 wards. Among many notable activities, it has been hosting cricket test matches in Shaheed Chandu Stadium. Bogra is also the battle of honour of a number of crucial operations fought by the guerillas under BDF Sector 7 of and Bengal Regiment's of the newly formed Bangladesh Army with Pakistani army here during the Bangladesh war of independence in 1971.
Bogra city also has an importance in terms of transport in northern Bangladesh, as it is situated at the centre. Very close to the city there is a place called Mahasthangarh which was the earliest capital city of Bangladesh, formerly known as Pundravardhana. This place is considered to be sacred by Buddhists and Hindus alike, and is visited by tourists from all over Bangladesh throughout the year.
Former Diplomat and Prime Minister of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Bogra was born in Bogra.
The history declares it the oldest city of Bengal in the Great Emperor Ashoka's India. He conquered the Bengal (Bongo) and founded this old city called Pundra Bardhan. It was famously written in famous ancient travellers of that time. An ancient engraved stone believed to be of Gupta era was discovered from the bank of a pond near Sura Masjid at Ghoraghat Upazila in Dinajpur in October 2008.
The administrative district of Bogura was first formed in 1821. It contains an area of 1,359 sq mi (3,520 km2). In 1901, the population of the town was 7,094 and the district (on a reduced area) was 854,533, showing an increase of 11% in the decade. The district stretched out in a level plain, intersected by numerous streams and dotted with patches of jungle.
The principal rivers in the district are formed by the different channels of the Brahmaputra, which river here bears the local names of the Konai, the Daokoba and the Jamuna, the last forming a portion of the eastern boundary of the district. Its bed is studded with alluvial islands. The Brahmaputra and its channels, together with three minor streams, the Bangali, Karatoya and Atrai, afford admirable facilities for commerce, and render every part of the district accessible to cargo boats. In 1911 the rivers teamed with fish.
In 1911 the Karatoya (which flows from north to south), divided the district into two portions, possessing very distinct characteristics. The eastern tract consisted of rich alluvial soil, well watered, and subject to fertilising inundations, yielding heavy crops of coarse rice, oil-seeds and jute. The western portion of the district is high-lying and produces the finer qualities of rice.
By 1911 the production of indigo was extinct, and the industry of silk-spinning was decaying. in 1911 there is no town with as many as 10,000 inhabitants, trade being conducted at riverside markets; nor are there any metaled roads. Several lines of railway (the Eastern Bengal, &c.), however, served the district.
As of 2009[update], there has been a significant development in town infrastructure. with new advanced urban planning. The town roads have been restructured and widened and telecommunications have greatly improved within the city. Gas connection through buried pipes has been set up. As of 2009[update], red chili production in Bogra has taken a large shape, for which many companies like Square, Acme, BD Food are collecting chili from as many as 12 centres of Bogra. The business turnover has crossed 1 billion. Often Bogra is also called the town of Banks with online banking facilities, credit cards, debit cards, money gram; most of the banks of Bangladesh have at least one or more branches in this town, some times also in the villages. Banking in Bogra has significantly expanded with the branch of Govt banks such as the Bangladesh bank (Central bank), Sonali Bank, Rupali Bank, Janata Bank, Rajshahi Krishi Unnayan Bank, Bangladesh Development Bank Ltd., Uttara Bank Ltd, Agrani bank, on the other hand expansion of private and specialised banks like Pubali Bank, National Bank, IFIC bank Ltd., Citi Bank Ltd., AB Bank Ltd., Eastern Bank, Bangladesh Small Industries and Commerce Bank, Prime Bank, Al Arafa Islami Bang Ltd., Export Import Bank of Bangladesh Ltd., Dhaka Bank, United Commercial bank Ltd., National Credit & Commerce Bank Ltd. (NCC), Bank Asia Ltd., SouthEast Bank Ltd., One Bank, Islami Bank, Standard Chartered Bank, Premier bank, Dutch Bangla Bank, Social Islami Bank Ltd., BRAC Bank, Standard Bank Ltd., Shahjalal Bank, First Security bank Ltd., Bangladesh Commerce Bank Ltd., Mercantile Bank are among the main banks in the town and rural areas of Bogra district. You can see lots of 24 hours ATM (Automated teller machine) boots with security guards, logo of money transfer, American Express Cards (AMEX), VISA Credit Cards, Master Cards, VISA debit cards almost every where in the town. Many of the branches are also permitted to open Foreign Currency account for Import, Export and Travel expense related matter.
Furthermore, There are many IT, software, technology and computer services companies in Bogra and more companies are launching business here. Grameen Group and Groupe Danone, a French company, entered into a joint venture named Grameen Danone and set up a yogurt project in Bogra in 2008.
Bogra is also home to the Western Wing of Bangladesh Highway Police. The project aims to produce 500,000 pots of yogurt by the end of 2009. Bogra is home to country's largest foundry industry. Irrigation pump, tube-well and other metal castings produced in Bogra are exported to West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Bihar, Bhutan and the amount of export is increasing. Most of the city's workforce is involved in agriculture (29.95%), agricultural (12.53%), commerce (18.11%), service (15.62%), transport (6.66%), wage labourer (2.2%) and others (14.93%).
Mahasthangarh, the earliest urban archaeological site so far discovered in Bangladesh is located in Bogra. The village Mahasthan in Shibganj thana of Bogra District contains the remains of an ancient city which was called Pundranagara or Paundravardhanapura in the territory of Pundravardhana. This place is considered to be sacred by Buddhists, Muslims and Hindus alike. "Behular Bashor Ghar" which is very near to Mahasthangar is a popular place for the tourists. Tourists from all over Bangladesh visit this place throughout the year. Nawab Palace (called Neelkuthi during the British period) and Jaina Temple are two eminent archaeological sights located in Bogra. 4 star hotel, Hotel Naz Garden, is situated at the heart of Bogra city.
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Pundra Universisy of Science & Technology, Gokul, Bogra is one of the best and Higher educational institutions in BOGRA.is located in rangpur road,gokul area. Present Faculties are shown as below:
- Science and Engineering
- Business Studies
- Arts and Humanities
- Social Science
- Islamic Studies
- Law and
Bogra contains numerous educational institutes. Bogra Zilla School is the most famous among them. Established in 1853, Bogra Zila School is situated at the centre of town.
Govt.Mustafabia Alia Madrasha,Bogra is one of the most popular religious and governmental Institute in greater Bogra,is located in Goyalgari,Namazgor area.
Bogra Cantonment Public School & College, claimed to be one of the leading educational institutions in Bogra, is located in Majhira Cantonment. Bogra also houses the Government Girls' High School (famous as Victoria Memorial or VM School). Bogra also houses a large English medium school & college in the North Bengal region named Millennium Scholastic School & College, which was established in 1998. There are many other schools such as B.I.A.M. Model School and College, Yakubia Girls High School, S.O.S., Y.M.C.A., Coronation Institution & College, Pouro Bangla School, Pre-Cadet School, and Bhandari Girls' School. Other special schools are the Seventh-Day Adventist-Missionary Church and Seminary of Bangladesh, the Adventist International Mission School (A.I.M.S.), a privately organised educational organisation by the Turkish, the International Turkish Hope School (Bogra Branch) are among the best English Medium Schools in the town which offer education in English medium leading to IGCSE GCE Ordinary Level and GCE Advanced Level exams.
The Govt. Azizul Haque University College Govt.Shah-Sultan College and Govt. Mujibur Rahman Women's College (which was founded by a prominent industrialist Mujibur Rahman Bhandari). Bogra College, Police Lines High School & College, and Armed Police Battalion School & College are also among the good educational institutions in the town. Bangladesh Open University (University of Distance Education) also has a campus in Banani area having class in the Shah Sultan College every weekend. Following the National Curriculum in Technical education are National Academy for Computer Training and Research NACTAR, Bogra Polytechnic institute and Bangladesh Institute of Information Technology (BIIT), Bogra. They are claimed to be some of the best polytechnic institutes in the town. Bogra is also the home of V.T.T.I. (Vocational Teachers Training Institute), P.T.I. (Primary Training Institute) and Govt T.T.C. for technical education.
A very large medical college and hospital named Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College and Hospital, equipped with many advanced facilities has been started in 1992 by the BNP Govt. Govt. Nursing Institute and College, Govt. Medical Institute, Govt. Medical Assistant Training School (MATS) are also some of the medical schools in the town. Following the syllabus of the State Medical Faculty of Bangladesh under the Ministry of Health & Family Planning and Directorate of Health, the "Janata Institute of Medical Technology", JIMT established in the year 2000 is the oldest private Diploma Medical Institute outside of the Dhaka city is also located in Bogra town providing a four-year diploma course.
- Akhteruzzaman Elias (1943–1997), Novelist and short story writer
- Gaziul Haque (1929–2009), Language movement veteran
- Khademul Bashar (1935–1976), Bir Uttam, Sector Commander of Liberation War & former Chief of Bangladesh Air Force.
- Muhammad Ali Bogra (1909–1963), Notable Diplomat, former Prime Minister of Pakistan (from 1953–1955)
- Mushfiqur Rahim, Famous Cricketer, Bangladesh Cricket Team
- Syed Mashkurul Alam Choudhury, descendant of Shibganj zamindar
- Ziaur Rahman, Freedom Fighter, Social Worker, Former President of Bangladesh
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (June 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Chisholm 1911, p. 121.
- The picture and infobox at the top of this article
- "Turnover goes up to Tk 100cr from Tk 5cr in just 5 years". The Daly Star. Retrieved 6 December 2009. '
- Bogra Database, retrieved 7 December 2009, Bogra.info
- "French minister backs social business". The Daily Star. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
- "খোরাকি অর্থনীতি থেকে উত্তরণের পথে উত্তরবঙ্গ". Prothom Alo. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
- Chawdhury, Shagata (2012). "Bogra Sadar Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Hossain, Md. Mosharraf, Mahasthan: Anecdote to History, 2006, Preface, Dibyaprakash, 38/2 ka Bangla Bazar, Dhaka, ISBN 9844832454
- Brochure: Mahasthan – the earliest city-site of Bangladesh, published by the Department of Archaeology, Ministry of Cultural Affairs, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 2003
- Majumdar, Dr. R.C., History of Ancient Bengal, First published 1971, Reprint 2005, p. 10, Tulshi Prakashani, Kolkata, ISBN 81-89118-01-3.
- Khan, Ayub (2012). "Goku Medh". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- "Hotel Naz Garden, Bogra". Yahoo!. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- Hotel Naz Garden, official website of Hotel Naz Garden
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bogra". Encyclopædia Britannica 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 121.
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