Bogra

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This article is about the city. For the district, see Bogra District. For the cantonment, see Majhira Cantonment. For the former Prime Minister of Pakistan, see Mohammad Ali Bogra.
Bogra ,Bangladesh
বগুড়া
Bogura.
Bogra Sathmatha (Heart of Bogra)
Bogra Sathmatha (Heart of Bogra)
Nickname(s): Bogra
Bogra ,Bangladesh is located in Bangladesh
Bogra ,Bangladesh
Bogra ,Bangladesh
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°51′N 89°22′E / 24.850°N 89.367°E / 24.850; 89.367
Country  Bangladesh
Division Rajshahi Division
District Bogra District
Area
 • Total 10.37 sq mi (26.86 km2)
Elevation 70 ft (20 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 266,930
Time zone Bangladesh Time (UTC+6)
Postal code 5800
Calling code 051
Website dcbogra.gov.bd

Bogra (Bengali: বগুড়া) is a city located in the Bogra District, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh, and acts as the major commerce hub in the = Bogra District. Described by some as the nerve centre of Northern Bangladesh, Bogra is a bridge between the Rajshahi Division and Rangpur Division. The city area of Borga is approximately 26.86 km2 (10.37 sq mi), consists of 21 wards, and the has a population of around 266,930 people. Currently the Mayor of the municipality is Adv. Mahabubar Rahman.

History[edit]

Supposedly the oldest city of Bengal in the Great Emperor Ashoka's India, Emperor Ashoka conquered the Bengal (Bongo) and founded Borgra, previously called Pundra Bardhan. Possibly confirming this origin story, an ancient engraved stone believed to be of Gupta era was discovered on a pond bank near Sura Masjid at Ghoraghat Upazila in Dinajpur in October 2008.

During the Bangladesh War of Independence, the area witnessed the Battle of Bogra a fierce battle between the guerrilla units of the BDF under Sector 7 which defeated the Pakistan Army.

Geography[edit]

Ramparts of Mahasthangarh citadel, few miles away from Bogra town

First formed in 1821, the administrative district of Bogra contains an area of 1,359 sq mi (3,520 km2).

The principal rivers in the district are formed by the different channels of the Brahmaputra, which river here bears the local names of the Konai, the Daokoba and the Jamuna, the last forming a portion of the eastern boundary of the district. The Brahmaputra and its channels, together with three minor streams, the Bangali, Karatoya and Atrai, allow for significant facilities for the usage of commerce.

In 1911 the Karatoya (which flows from north to south), divided the district into two portions, the eastern tract consisting of rich alluvial soil, subject to fertilizing inundations and yielding heavy crops of coarse rice, oil-seeds and jute, while the soil of the high-lying western portion of the district allow for growing rice.[1]

Economy[edit]

Since 2009 with the advancment of urban planning, there has been a significant development in the infrastructure of Borgra including, restructured and widened town roads, improved telecommunications, and the instillation of undergroud gas connections.

Additionally, red chili production in Bogra has become a major local industry, with companies such as Square, Acme, BD Food collecting red chili from as many as 12 centers withinBogra.[2]

Often called the "Town of Banks", Bogra is is the is the location of numerous online banking facilities, credit card, debit card, and money gram companies. Banking in Bogra has significantly expanded with the branch of government banks such as the Bangladesh Bank (Central Bank), Sonali Bank, Rupali Bank, Janata Bank, Rajshahi Krishi Unnayan Bank, Bangladesh Development Bank Ltd., Uttara Bank Ltd, Agrani Bank, as well as a number of private and specialized banks including, Pubali Bank, National Bank, IFIC bank Ltd., Citi Bank Ltd., and others.

Sherpur Road, Bogra
Bangladesh Bank regional office, Sherpur Road, Bogra

Additionally, Bogra is the home of IT, software, technology, and computer services companies,[3] and in 2008 the French Grameen Group and Groupe Danone entered into a joint venture named Grameen Danone in Bogra.[4]

Statistically, Bogra's workforce is divided between jobs in agriculture (29.95%), agricultural manufacturing (12.53%), general commerce (18.11%), customer service (15.62%), transportation (6.66%), wage labor (2.2%), and other industries (14.93%).[5]

Tourism[edit]

Borga is home to Mahasthangarh, the earliest urban archaeological site so far discovered in Bangladesh, as well as The village Mahasthan in Shibganj thana of Bogra District, which contains the remains of Pundranagara (or Paundravardhanapura), an ancient city in the territory of Pundravardhana.[6][7][8] This place is considered to be sacred by Buddhists, Muslims and Hindus alike.[9]

Also popular among tourists to Bogra is: the "Behular Bashor Ghar" which is very near to Mahasthangar, Nawab Palace (called Neelkuthi during the British period) and the Jaina Temple.

Education[edit]

Pundra Universisy of Science & Technology, Gokul, Bogra is one of the best and Higher educational institutions in Bogra, and is located on Rangpur Road in the Gokul area. Present academic colleges at Pundra include:

  • Science and Engineering
  • Business Studies
  • Arts and Humanities
  • Social Science
  • Islamic Studies
  • Law

Other education institutes in Bogra include, the Bogra Zilla School (est. 1853), the Govt.Mustafabia Alia Madrasha,Bogra religious and governmental institute, as well as the Bogra Cantonment Public School & College, which has claimed to be one of the leading educational institutions in Bogra.

Bogra also houses the Government Girls' High School (or Victoria Memorial School). the Millennium Scholastic School & College (est. 1998) English medium school, and others including the B.I.A.M. Model School and College, Yakubia Girls High School, S.O.S., Y.M.C.A., Coronation Institution & College, Pouro Bangla School, Pre-Cadet School, and Bhandari Girls' School. Other special schools are the Seventh-Day Adventist-Missionary Church and Seminary of Bangladesh, the Adventist International Mission School (A.I.M.S.), a privately organised educational organisation by the Turkish, the International Turkish Hope School (Bogra Branch) are among the best English Medium Schools in the town which offer education in English medium leading to IGCSE GCE Ordinary Level and GCE Advanced Level exams.

Also in Bogra is the Shaheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College and Hospital (est. 1992 by the BNP Govt), the Govt. Nursing Institute and College, Govt. Medical Assistant Training School (MATS), and the Janata Institute of Medical Technology (est. 2000) which is the oldest private Diploma Medical Institute outside of Dhaka City.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 121.
  2. ^ "Turnover goes up to Tk 100cr from Tk 5cr in just 5 years". The Daly Star. Retrieved 6 December 2009. 
  3. ^ Bogra Database, retrieved 7 December 2009, Bogra.info
  4. ^ "French minister backs social business". The Daily Star. Retrieved 6 December 2009. 
  5. ^ Chawdhury, Shagata (2012). "Bogra Sadar Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  6. ^ Hossain, Md. Mosharraf, Mahasthan: Anecdote to History, 2006, Preface, Dibyaprakash, 38/2 ka Bangla Bazar, Dhaka, ISBN 9844832454
  7. ^ Brochure: Mahasthan – the earliest city-site of Bangladesh, published by the Department of Archaeology, Ministry of Cultural Affairs, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 2003
  8. ^ Majumdar, Dr. R.C., History of Ancient Bengal, First published 1971, Reprint 2005, p. 10, Tulshi Prakashani, Kolkata, ISBN 81-89118-01-3.
  9. ^ Khan, Ayub (2012). "Goku Medh". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°51′N 89°22′E / 24.850°N 89.367°E / 24.850; 89.367