North Warwickshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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North Warwickshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of North Warwickshire in Warwickshire.
Outline map
Location of Warwickshire within England.
County Warwickshire
Electorate 70,544 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Atherstone, Bedworth, Coleshill and Polesworth
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Craig Tracey (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Meriden
Nuneaton
18321885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Nuneaton
Rugby
Stratford-on-Avon
Tamworth
Created from Warwickshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

North Warwickshire is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Craig Tracey, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1983-2010: The Borough of North Warwickshire, and the Borough of Nuneaton and Bedworth wards of Exhall, Heath, Mount Pleasant, and Poplar.

2010-present: The Borough of North Warwickshire wards of Atherstone Central, Atherstone North, Atherstone South and Mancetter, Baddesley and Grendon, Coleshill North, Coleshill South, Curdworth, Dordon, Fillongley, Hurley and Wood End, Kingsbury, Newton Regis and Warton, Polesworth East, Polesworth West, and Water Orton, and the Borough of Nuneaton and Bedworth wards of Bede, Exhall, Heath, Poplar, and Slough.

The constituency since 2010 has all but two wards of North Warwickshire.[n 3]

History[edit]

History 1832–1885[edit]

The North Warwickshire constituency was created for the 1832 general election, when the Great Reform Act divided the former Warwickshire constituency into two new divisions: North Warwickshire and South Warwickshire.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, North Warwickshire was abolished for the 1885 general election, when Warwickshire was divided into four new single-member constituencies: Nuneaton, Rugby, Stratford-on-Avon and Tamworth.

History 1983–present[edit]

The current North Warwickshire county constituency was created for the 1983 general election, replacing outlying parts of the Meriden and Nuneaton constituencies. The seat was won by Francis Maude of the Conservative Party at the 1983 general election, who held it until 1992, when it was taken by Mike O'Brien of Labour. Labour held the seat comfortably until 2010.

On 8 March 2007, former Army Officer and polar explorer Dan Byles was selected at an open primary to contest North Warwickshire for the Conservative Party. At the 2010 general election, Byles won the seat off Mike O'Brien by just 54 votes, making him the Conservative Member of Parliament with the smallest majority in the country.

Constituency profile[edit]

Warwickshire North has wards which are the most "working-class" (lowest average income) and industrial of the six constituencies in the county, politically frequently with the best returns locally for Labour candidates. In the 2010 election all six Warwickshire constituencies were won by the Conservative party, this constituency was the most marginal, falling on a substantial swing of 8.1% from Labour to the Conservatives (compared to a national swing of 5%).

Like much of the county, the area includes many rural villages which can today be classified as 'commuter' and 'retirement' south of the National Forest, south east of Tamworth and the small cathedral city of Lichfield and centred less than 10 miles (16 km) east of Birmingham which provides some work locally in the creative and international export sectors. Many towns and villages have a history of coal mining and heavy industry and with that a strong Labour vote.[2]

Settlements include Bedworth, just north of Coventry, and the historic market town of Atherstone.[n 4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1832–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member[3] 1st Party 2nd Member[3] 2nd Party
1832 William Stratford Dugdale Conservative Sir John Eardley-Wilmot, Bt Conservative
1843 by-election Charles Newdigate Newdegate Conservative
1847 Richard Spooner Conservative
1864 by-election William Bromley-Davenport Conservative
1884 by-election Philip Muntz Conservative
1885 Constituency abolished: see Nuneaton, Rugby, Stratford-on-Avon and Tamworth

MPs since 1983[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1983 Francis Maude Conservative
1992 Mike O'Brien Labour
2010 Dan Byles Conservative
2015 Craig Tracey Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: North Warwickshire[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Craig Tracey 20,042 42.3 +2.1
Labour Mike O'Brien 17,069 36.0 -4.0
UKIP William Cash[5] 8,256 17.4 +14.6
Liberal Democrat Alan Beddow 978 2.1 -9.8
Green Ian Bonner 894 1.9 N/A
TUSC Eileen Hunter 138 0.3 N/A
Majority 2,973 6.3 +6.2
Turnout 47,377 67.2 -0.2
Conservative hold Swing +3.05
General Election 2010: North Warwickshire[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Daniel Byles 18,993 40.2 +8.2
Labour Mike O'Brien 18,939 40.1 -8.0
Liberal Democrat Stephen Martin 5,481 11.6 -1.9
BNP Jason Holmes 2,106 4.5 +0.4
UKIP Stephen Fowler 1,335 2.8 +0.1
English Democrats David Lane 411 0.9 N/A
Majority 54 0.1 N/A
Turnout 47,265 67.4 +5.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +8.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: North Warwickshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mike O'Brien 22,561 48.1 -6.0
Conservative Ian Gibb 15,008 32.0 -0.4
Liberal Democrat Jerry Roodhouse 6,212 13.2 +1.8
BNP Michaela Mackenzie 1,910 4.1 N/A
UKIP Ian Campbell 1,248 2.7 +0.6
Majority 7,553 16.1 -5.6
Turnout 46,939 62.2 +2.0
Labour hold Swing -2.8
General Election 2001: North Warwickshire[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mike O'Brien 24,023 54.1 -4.3
Conservative Geoffrey Parsons 14,384 32.4 +1.2
Liberal Democrat William Powell 5,052 11.4 +4.0
UKIP John Flynn 950 2.1 +1.1
Majority 9,639 21.7 -5.5
Turnout 44,409 60.2 -14.6
Labour hold Swing -2.75

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: North Warwickshire[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mike O'Brien 31,669 58.4 +12.3
Conservative Stephen Hammond 16,902 31.2 -13.4
Liberal Democrat William Powell 4,040 7.4 -2.9
Referendum Roland Mole 917 1.7 N/A
UKIP Christopher Cooke 533 1.0 N/A
Berties Party Ian Moorecroft 178 0.3 N/A
Majority 14,767 27.2 +24.8
Turnout 54,239 74.7 -8.1
Labour hold Swing +12.85
General Election 1992: North Warwickshire[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mike O'Brien 27,577 46.1 +6.0
Conservative Francis Maude 26,124 43.6 -1.4
Liberal Democrat Noel R Mitchell 6,161 10.3 N/A
Majority 1,453 2.4 N/A
Turnout 59,862 82.8 +4.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +3.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: North Warwickshire [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Maude 25,453 45.08 +3.13
Labour Mike O'Brien 22,624 40.07 +2.95
Social Democratic SJ Neale 8,382 14.85 -6.09
Majority 2,829 5.01 +0.18
Turnout 56,459 79.87 -1.87
Conservative hold Swing +0.09
General Election 1983: North Warwickshire[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Francis Maude 22,452 41.95 N/A
Labour JE Tomlinson 19,867 37.12 N/A
Social Democratic H Kerry 11,207 20.94 N/A
Majority 2,585 4.83 N/A
Turnout 53,526 78.00 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Arley and Whitacre and Hartshill, moved in 2010 to Nuneaton
  4. ^ This saw considerable population expansion from 1995-2010

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census Interactive - ONS". ons.gov.uk. 
  3. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/warwickshirenorth/
  6. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "UK > England > West Midlands > Warwickshire North". Election 2010 (BBC). 7 May 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "'Warwickshire North', May 1997 -". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 

Coordinates: 52°30′N 1°42′W / 52.50°N 1.70°W / 52.50; -1.70