Novi Grad, Republika Srpska
Novi Grad in 2004
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Total||472.72 km2 (182.52 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||60,9/km2 (1,580/sq mi)|
Novi Grad (Serbian Cyrillic: Нови Град, formerly Bosanski Novi) is a town and municipality in the northern portion of the Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The town is situated on the Una river on the border with Croatia (opposite the town of Dvor). Today, the municipality has a population of about 30,000 people, with 8,500 households. In the town itself, there is a hospital, a post office, a great number of elementary and high schools, a cultural center, banks, and shopping centers. The city was once known as Bosanski Novi (pronounced [bǒsanskiː nôviː]).
Municipality of Novi Grad is situated in the northwestern part of the Republic of Srpska. Its exact location is 45°53″ longitude and 45°14″ northern latitude. It has an area of 470 km2 (180 sq mi). The municipality lies between the Sana and Una rivers, between the mountains of Grmec and Kozara. The climate is temperate continental.
The town was first mentioned in 1280 under the Roman name of Castrum Novum, which, literally translated from Latin, means "new town". In 1895, during Austro-Hungarian rule, the town was officially named Bosanski Novi. At the end of the last decade of the 19th century, Bosanski Novi had 3,300 people with 550 households. There were wooden bridges across the Una and Sana rivers, which the citizens had to guard against the wild spring and fall floods. For that reason, a symbol of the town was built in 1906-Una quay. In 1872, Bosanski Novi was the first municipality to have a train station on the new Bosnian railway, which afforded it significant cultural and economic advantages over any other Krajina municipalities. The first hospital was established around the same time.
After the Bosnian war, Kostajnica was split from the municipality.
• Ahmetovci • Blagaj Japra • Blagaj Rijeka • Blatna • Buljuk • Kostajnica • Novi Grad • Cerovica • Crna Rijeka • Čađavica Donja • Čađavica Gornja • Čađavica Srednja • Ćele • Devetaci • Dobrljin • Donje Vodičevo • Donji Agići • Donji Rakani • Gornja Slabinja • Gornje Vodičevo • Gornji Agići • Gornji Rakani • Grabašnica • Grdanovac • Gumnjani • Hozići • Johovica • Jošava • Kalenderi • Kršlje • Kuljani • Lješljani • Mala Krupska Rujiška • Mala Novska Rujiška • Mala Žuljevica • Maslovare • Matavazi • Mazić • Mrakodol • Mraovo Polje • Petkovac • Petrinja • Pobrđani • Podoška • Poljavnice • Prusci • Radomirovac • Rakovac • Rašće • Ravnice • Rudice • Sokolište • Suhača • Svodna • Tavija • Trgovište • Vedovica • Velika Rujiška • Velika Žuljevica • Vitasavci • Zovik
In the 1991 Yugoslav census, the municipality of Novi Grad had 41,541 residents, including:
- 25,106 Serbs (60.24%)
- 14,083 Bosniaks (33.69%)
- 1,531 Yugoslavs (3.73%)
- 402 Croats (0.96%)
- 419 others (1.35%)
The economy is based on a few industries and a number of private firms. Novi Grad has potential in tourism, wood processing, food production and management of water resources.
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