Novi Grad, Republika Srpska
Novi Grad in 2004
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Municipality||472.72 km2 (182.52 sq mi)|
|• Municipality density||57/km2 (150/sq mi)|
Novi Grad (Нови Град; formerly Bosanski Novi) is a town and municipality located in the northern portion of the Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The town is situated on the Una river on the border with Croatia (opposite the town of Dvor). As of 2013, it has a population of 27,115 inhabitants.
Municipality of Novi Grad is situated in the northwestern part of the Republic of Srpska. Its exact location is 45°53″ longitude and 45°14″ northern latitude. It has an area of 470 km2 (180 sq mi). The municipality lies between the Sana and Una rivers, between the mountains of Grmec and Kozara. The climate is temperate continental.
The town was first mentioned in 1280 under the Roman name of Castrum Novum, which, literally translated from Latin, means "new town". In 1895, during Austro-Hungarian rule, the town was officially named Bosanski Novi. At the end of the last decade of the 19th century, Novi Grad had 3,300 people with 550 households. There were wooden bridges across the Una and Sana rivers, which the citizens had to guard against the wild spring and fall floods. For that reason, a symbol of the town was built in 1906-Una quay. In 1872, Novi Grad was the first municipality to have a train station on the new Bosnian railway, which afforded it significant cultural and economic advantages over any other Krajina municipalities. The first hospital was established around the same time.
From 1992 through 1995, the town was ethnically cleansed of its majority Bosniak and Croat inhabitants, thereby rendering it almost 100% Serb. In order to distance the town from its Bosnian history and its cultural roots and in tune with the war politics, the local Serb government renamed the town to "Novi Grad", the artificial name many associate with ethnic cleansing and murders that took place during that time. Consequently, majority of people from Bosanski Novi were misplaced and live all over Europe, the American continent, Australia and elsewhere around the globe.
After the Bosnian war, Kostajnica was split from the municipality.
Aside from the town of Novi Grad, the municipality includes the following settlements:
- Blagaj Japra
- Blagaj Rijeka
- Crna Rijeka
- Čađavica Donja
- Čađavica Gornja
- Čađavica Srednja
- Donje Vodičevo
- Donji Agići
- Donji Rakani
- Gornja Slabinja
- Gornje Vodičevo
- Gornji Agići
- Gornji Rakani
- Mala Krupska Rujiška
- Mala Novska Rujiška
- Mala Žuljevica
- Mraovo Polje
- Velika Rujiška
- Velika Žuljevica
According to the 2013 census results, the municipality has 27,115 inhabitants.
In the 1991 Yugoslav census, the municipality of Novi Grad had 41,541 residents, including:
- 25,106 Serbs (60.24%)
- 14,083 Bosniaks (33.69%)
- 1,531 Yugoslavs (3.73%)
- 402 Croats (0.96%)
- 419 others (1.35%)
The economy is based on a few industries and a number of private firms. Novi Grad has potential in tourism, wood processing, food production and management of water resources.
The following table gives a preview of total number of registred employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||90|
|Mining and quarrying||38|
|Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning||95|
|Distribution of water and water waste management||101|
|Wholesale and retail, repair||924|
|Transportation and storage||473|
|Hotels and restaurants||233|
|Information and communication||29|
|Finance and insurance||48|
|Real estate activities||5|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||120|
|Administrative and support services||10|
|Public administration and defence||294|
|Healthcare and social work||168|
|Art, entertainment and recreation||37|
|Other service activities||68|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Novi Grad.|
- the official web site of the municipality, Novi Grad/Нови Град.
- Mangold (2005:212)
- Krajina, official name of region Archived 2015-06-07 at the Wayback Machine.
- Unofficial results of 1991 census
- "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.