Novi Grad, Republika Srpska
Novi Grad in 2004
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Municipality||472.72 km2 (182.52 sq mi)|
|• Municipality density||57/km2 (150/sq mi)|
Novi Grad (Serbian Cyrillic: Нови Град), previously Bosanski Novi, is a town and municipality in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Situated in the far northwest of the country, it lies across the Una from the Croatian town of Dvor. According to the 2013 census[update], the town has a population of 11,063, while its municipality comprises a total of 27,115 inhabitants.
Known for its scenic quay, Novi Grad lies at the confluence of the Una and Sana rivers.
Novi Grad is located on the right bank of the Una and both banks of the Sana, between two geographic zones: the slopes of the mountains of Grmeč and Kozara, and the alluvial land surrounding the town's two rivers. The town itself is located 122 m (400 feet) above sea level, at nearly 45°N; the climate is temperate-continental. Its governed municipality covers an area of 470 km2 (180 sq mi).
The town was first mentioned in 1280 under the Latin name Castrum Novum which, literally translated, means 'new fort'. In 1895, during Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the town was officially given the name 'Bosanski Novi'. At the same time, the city included around 3,300 people with 550 households. Wooden bridges existed across the Una and Sana rivers which the citizens had to guard against floods in the autumn and spring. For that reason, a current-day symbol of the town was built in 1906—the Una quay.
In 1872, Novi Grad was the first municipality to have a train station on the new Bosnian railway, which afforded it significant cultural and economic advantages over other Krajina municipalities. The first hospital was established around the same time.
From 1992 through 1995, the town was ethnically cleansed of its Bosniak and Croat inhabitants, thereby rendering it almost completely Serb-populated. In order to distance the town from its Bosnian history and its cultural roots and in tune with the war politics, the local Serb government renamed the town to Novi Grad, a change criticized by Croat and Bosniak residents. Consequently, majority of people from Bosanski Novi were misplaced and live all over Europe, the American continent, Australia and elsewhere around the globe.
After the Bosnian war, Kostajnica was split from the municipality.
Aside from the town of Novi Grad, the municipality includes the following settlements:
- Blagaj Japra
- Blagaj Rijeka
- Crna Rijeka
- Čađavica Donja
- Čađavica Gornja
- Čađavica Srednja
- Donje Vodičevo
- Donji Agići
- Donji Rakani
- Gornja Slabinja
- Gornje Vodičevo
- Gornji Agići
- Gornji Rakani
- Mala Krupska Rujiška
- Mala Novska Rujiška
- Mala Žuljevica
- Mraovo Polje
- Velika Rujiška
- Velika Žuljevica
According to the 2013 census results, the municipality has 27,115 inhabitants.
The ethnic composition of the municipality:
The economy is based on a few industries and a number of private firms. Novi Grad has notable potential in tourism, wood processing, food production and management of water resources.
The following table gives a preview of total number of registered employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||90|
|Mining and quarrying||38|
|Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning||95|
|Distribution of water and water waste management||101|
|Wholesale and retail, repair||924|
|Transportation and storage||473|
|Hotels and restaurants||233|
|Information and communication||29|
|Finance and insurance||48|
|Real estate activities||5|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||120|
|Administrative and support services||10|
|Public administration and defence||294|
|Healthcare and social work||168|
|Art, entertainment and recreation||37|
|Other service activities||68|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Novi Grad.|
- Mangold (2005:212)
- Krajina, official name of region Archived 2015-06-07 at the Wayback Machine
- "Popis 2013 u BiH – Novi Grad". statistika.ba (in Bosnian). Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.