Novi Grad, Republika Srpska

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Novi Grad

Нови Град
Novi Grad in 2004
Novi Grad in 2004
Novi Grad is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Novi Grad
Novi Grad
Location in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 45°02′53″N 16°22′37″E / 45.048°N 16.377°E / 45.048; 16.377Coordinates: 45°02′53″N 16°22′37″E / 45.048°N 16.377°E / 45.048; 16.377
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
 • Municipality472.72 km2 (182.52 sq mi)
Population
(2013 census)
 • Town
11,063
 • Municipality
27,115
 • Municipality density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Websitewww.opstina-novigrad.com

Novi Grad (Нови Град; formerly Bosanski Novi)[1] is a town and municipality located in the northern portion of the Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The town is situated on the Una river on the border with Croatia (opposite the town of Dvor). As of 2013, it has a population of 27,115 inhabitants.

The town was once known as Bosanski Novi (pronounced [bǒsanskiː nôviː]).[2]

Geography[edit]

Municipality of Novi Grad is situated in the northwestern part of the Republic of Srpska. Its exact location is 45°53″ longitude and 45°14″ northern latitude. It has an area of 470 km2 (180 sq mi). The municipality lies between the Sana and Una rivers, between the mountains of Grmec and Kozara. The climate is temperate continental.

History[edit]

The town was first mentioned in 1280 under the Roman name of Castrum Novum, which, literally translated from Latin, means "new town". In 1895, during Austro-Hungarian rule, the town was officially named Bosanski Novi. At the end of the last decade of the 19th century, Novi Grad had 3,300 people with 550 households. There were wooden bridges across the Una and Sana rivers, which the citizens had to guard against the wild spring and fall floods. For that reason, a symbol of the town was built in 1906-Una quay. In 1872, Novi Grad was the first municipality to have a train station on the new Bosnian railway, which afforded it significant cultural and economic advantages over any other Krajina[3] municipalities. The first hospital was established around the same time.

From 1929 to 1941, Bosanski Novi was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

From 1992 through 1995, the town was ethnically cleansed of its majority Bosniak and Croat inhabitants, thereby rendering it almost 100% Serb. In order to distance the town from its Bosnian history and its cultural roots and in tune with the war politics, the local Serb government renamed the town to "Novi Grad", the artificial name many associate with ethnic cleansing and murders that took place during that time. Consequently, majority of people from Bosanski Novi were misplaced and live all over Europe, the American continent, Australia and elsewhere around the globe.

After the Bosnian war, Kostajnica was split from the municipality.

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Novi Grad, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
199141,541—    
201327,115−1.92%

According to the 2013 census results, the municipality has 27,115 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

1991

In the 1991 Yugoslav census, the municipality of Novi Grad had 41,541 residents,[4] including:

Economy[edit]

The economy is based on a few industries and a number of private firms. Novi Grad has potential in tourism, wood processing, food production and management of water resources.

The following table gives a preview of total number of registred employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[5]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 90
Mining and quarrying 38
Manufacturing 740
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 95
Distribution of water and water waste management 101
Construction 22
Wholesale and retail, repair 924
Transportation and storage 473
Hotels and restaurants 233
Information and communication 29
Finance and insurance 48
Real estate activities 5
Professional, scientific and technical activities 120
Administrative and support services 10
Public administration and defence 294
Education 456
Healthcare and social work 168
Art, entertainment and recreation 37
Other service activities 68
Total 3,951

Sport[edit]

There are several active sports organizations in the town, such as football, handball and basketball clubs.

The local football club is FK Sloboda Novi Grad.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ the official web site of the municipality, Novi Grad/Нови Град.
  2. ^ Mangold (2005:212)
  3. ^ Krajina, official name of region Archived 2015-06-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Unofficial results of 1991 census
  5. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.

References[edit]

External links[edit]