Supreme People's Court of Vietnam
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The Supreme People's Court of Vietnam is the highest court of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The Supreme People's Court is one of the two institutions at the apex of the judicial system of Vietnam, with the other body being the Supreme People's Procuracy of Vietnam. Both are accountable to the National Assembly of Vietnam, the highest institution of government power in the country. The head of the Supreme People's Court of Vietnam is the Chief Justice. The current Chief Justice of Vietnam is Truong Hoa Binh
Responsibility and Jurisdiction
The Supreme People's Court is responsible for providing leadership to the Vietnamese court system, supervising the judicial process, and recommending bills to the National Assembly as appropriate under law. It is a court of final resort. Prior to June 2015, when parts of the Law on the Organization of People's Courts (2014) and several resolutions by the Standing Committee of the National Assembly took effect, the Supreme People's Court also had some intermediate appellate jurisdiction via its three appellate benches (toà phúc thẩm). However, the 2014 law transformed those appellate benches into full courts called superior people's courts (toà án nhân dân cấp cao), and removed intermediate appellate jurisdiction from the Supreme People's Court.
The Supreme People's Court of Vietnam is organized according to the Law on the Organization of People's Courts (2014).
- Council of Justices: consists of the Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justices, and other justices of the Supreme People's Court as designated by the Standing Committee of the National Assembly; must not exceed 17 members
- Central Military Tribunal: the supreme military tribunal of Vietnam
- Criminal Bench
- Civil Bench
- Economic Bench
- Labor Bench
- Administrative Bench
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