Visa requirements for Vietnamese citizens

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Visa requirements for Vietnamese citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Vietnam by the authorities of other states. As of 28 September 2019, Vietnamese citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 51 countries and territories, ranking the Vietnamese passport 90th in terms of travel freedom (tied with the passports of Central African Republic & Turkmenistan) according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Visa requirements for Vietnamese citizens
  Vietnam
  Visa not required
  Visa obtainable on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Pre-arrival visa required

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa required[3]
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[5]
  • There are no visa requirements for entry into Andorra, but it can only be accessed by passing through France or Spain. A multiple entry visa is required to re-enter either France or Spain when leaving Andorra.
  • All visitors can stay for 3 months.
 Angola Visa required[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Electronic Entry Visa[7]
 Argentina Visa required[8]
 Armenia Visa required[9]
 Australia Visa required[10]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[11]
 Austria Visa required[12]
 Azerbaijan eVisa[13] 30 days[14]
 Bahamas Visa required[15]
 Bahrain Visa required[16]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[17]
  • Conditions apply
 Barbados Visa not required[18] 90 days
 Belarus Visa required[19]
 Belgium Visa required[22]
 Belize Visa required[23] Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area up to 90 days or visa on entry for holders of multiple-entry US visa
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[24][25] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[26]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[27] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa required[28]
  • Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area. [29]
 Botswana Visa required[30]
 Brazil Visa required[31]
 Brunei Visa not required[32] 14 days
 Bulgaria Visa required[33]
  • Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area.[34]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[35]
 Burundi Visa required[36]
 Cambodia Visa not required[37] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[38]
 Canada Visa required[39]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[40]
 Central African Republic Visa required[41]
 Chad Visa required[42]
 Chile Visa not required[43] 90 days[44]
 China Visa required[45] Visa not required for public affairs passport.
 Colombia Visa required[46]
  • Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area or the US.[47]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[48] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[49]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[50]
 Costa Rica Visa required[51]
  • Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area or the US.[52]
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[53] 3 months
 Croatia Visa required[54]
  • Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area.[55]
 Cuba Tourist Card Required[56]
 Cyprus Visa required[57]
  • Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area.[58]
 Czech Republic Visa required[59]
 Denmark Visa required[60]
 Djibouti eVisa[61] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[62] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa required[63]
 Ecuador Visa not required[64] 90 days
 Egypt Visa required[65]
 El Salvador Visa required[66]
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[67]
 Eritrea Visa required[68]
 Estonia Visa required[69]
 Eswatini Visa required[70]
 Ethiopia eVisa[71] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa required[72]
 Finland Visa required[73]
 France Visa required[74]
 Gabon eVisa[75]
 Gambia Visa not required[76]
  • An entry clearance must be obtained from the Gambian Immigration prior to travel.[77]
 Georgia eVisa[78][79]
 Germany Visa required[80]
 Ghana Visa required[81]
 Greece Visa required[82]
 Grenada Visa required[83]
 Guatemala Visa required[84]
 Guinea eVisa[85] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[86] 90 days
 Guyana Visa required[87]
 Haiti Visa required[88]
 Honduras Visa required[89]
 Hungary Visa required[90]
 Iceland Visa required[91]
 India e-Visa[92] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][93]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[94] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[95] 30 days[96]
 Iraq Visa required[97]
 Ireland Visa required[98]
 Israel Visa required[99]
 Italy Visa required[100]
 Jamaica Visa required[101]
 Japan Visa required[102]
 Jordan Visa required[103] Visa on arrival can obtain only if holding residence permits issued by, a GCC Member States, Switzerland an EEA Member State, Australia, Canada, Japan, South Korea or a Permanent Resident Card (Form I-551) issued by the USA. The residence permit should be valid for a minimum of 6 mouths and they must hold a non-refundable return or circle trip tickets.
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[104] 30 days[105]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[106] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[107]
 North Korea Visa required[108]
 South Korea Visa required[109]
 Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[110] 3 months
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[111] Unlimited
 Laos Visa not required[112] 30 days
 Latvia Visa required[113]
 Lebanon Visa required[114]
 Lesotho eVisa[115][116]
 Liberia Visa required[117]
 Libya Visa required[118]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[119]
 Lithuania Visa required[120]
 Luxembourg Visa required[121]
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[122] 30 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[123] 30 days
  • Can extend for a total of 90 days.
 Malaysia Visa not required[124] 30 days
 Maldives Free visa on arrival[125] 30 days
  • Can be extended
 Mali Visa required[126]
 Malta Visa required[127]
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[128] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[129]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[130] 60 days[131]
 Mexico Visa required[132]
  • Visa-free for holders of valid US visa.[133]
 Micronesia Visa not required[134] 30 days
 Moldova Visa required[135]
 Monaco Visa required[136]
 Mongolia Visa required[137]
 Montenegro Visa required[138]
  • Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area.[139]
 Morocco Visa required[140]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[141] 30 days[142]
 Myanmar Visa not required[143] 14 days [144]
 Namibia Visa on arrival[145] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[146]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[147] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[148]
 New Zealand Visa required[149]
 Nicaragua Visa required[150]
  • Visa on arrival with ordinary passport holders if holding valid visa issued by United States, Canada, Schengen Member State
 Niger Visa required[151]
 Nigeria Visa required[152]
 North Macedonia Visa required[153]
 Norway Visa required[154]
 Oman Visa required[155]
 Pakistan Online Visa[156]
  • Online Visa eligible.[157]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[158]
 Palau Free visa on arrival[159] 30 days
  • Can be extended twice only with a fee
 Panama Visa not required[160] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Easy Visitor Permit[161] 30 days
 Paraguay Visa required[162]
 Peru Visa required[163]
 Philippines Visa not required[164] 30 days
 Poland Visa required[165]
 Portugal Visa required[166]
 Qatar eVisa[167]
 Romania Visa required[168]
  • Visa free for holders of valid visa for Schengen area.[169]
 Russia Visa required[170]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[171] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis eVisa [172][173]
 Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[174] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[175] 1 month
 Samoa Visa not required[176] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[177]
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[178][179]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[180]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[181] 30 days
 Serbia Visa required[182]
 Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[183] 3 months
  • Can be extended up to a year with a fee
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[184]
 Singapore Visa not required[185] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa required[186]
 Slovenia Visa required[187]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[188]
  • Pre-arranged visa can be picked up on arrival
 Somalia Visa on arrival[189] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[190]
 South Sudan Visa required[191]
 Spain Visa required[192]
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[193] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[194]
 Suriname eVisa[195]
 Sweden Visa required[196]
  Switzerland Visa required[197]
 Syria Visa required[198]
 Tajikistan eVisa[199] 45 days
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points.[200]
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[201][202]
 Thailand Visa not required[203] 30 days
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[204] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[205] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[206]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[207]
 Tunisia Visa required[208]
 Turkey Visa required[209]
 Turkmenistan Visa required[210]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[211] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[212]
 Ukraine Visa required[214]
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[215]
 United Kingdom Visa required[216]
 United States Visa required[217]
 Uruguay Visa required[218]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[219] 30 days
  • 5-day visa-free transit when in transit at the international airports on condition of holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[220]
 Vanuatu Visa required[221]
  Vatican City Visa required[222]
 Venezuela Visa required[223]
 Yemen Visa required[224]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[225] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa[226]

Territories, disputed areas and restriction zone[edit]

Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Note (excluding departure fees)
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel permit for Foreigners is required (20 Nakfa).[227]
 Ascension Island Permisson Required From may 2015, Ascension Island government no longer issues entry Visas for nationals of Belarus,China,Egypt,Iran,Libya,North Korea,Russia,Syria,Ukraine and Vietnam.
 Saint Helena electronic visa online 183 day Visitor are issued an entry permit valid for 183 day
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for £15/30 (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or £20 for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Island.[228]
 Mayotte Visa required
 Réunion Visa required
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory
 Somaliland Visa required Visa on arrival can be obtain if you have letter of invitation from the government.
 Sudan outside Khartoum Travel permit required All Foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate permit required.[229]
Asia
Visitor Visa requirement Allowed stay Note (excluding departure fees)
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[230]
China Hainan Visa required
 Hong Kong Visa required[231]
China Shenzhen, Zhuhai and Xiamen Visa on arrival 5 days (Shenzhen) and 3 days (Zhuhai and Xiamen) SEZ visa
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP
Kurdistan Region Iraqi Kurdistan Visa required
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy & Priozersk near Almaty.
Iran Kish Island and Qeshm Island Visa not required 14 days All tourists, may stay on Kish Island and Qeshm Island for 14 days or less without obtaining any visa.
 Macau Visa required
 Maldives outside Malé Permission required Tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-respect islande without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.
Saudi Arabia Mecca and Medina Special access required Non-Muslims and those following the Ahmadiyya religious movement are strictly prohibited from entry.
India North Sentinel Island Restricted zone
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa required Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip is not allowed.
 Taiwan Visa required
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (20 TJS) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (US$10).
Turkmenistan Closed cities of Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted area
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted area
 Yemen outside Sana’a or Aden. Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.
Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Note (excluding departure fees)
 Abkhazia Visa required
 Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 for Orthodox visitors, 35 for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.
Ukraine ATO zone Special Permission required[232]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required 10 days Belarus has a visa-free regime of all foreign visitors going to the Brest recreation zone including Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park for a period of up to 10 days.
 Crimea Visa required Visa policy of Russia are applies de facto.
 Donetsk People's Republic Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia aren't allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required 90 days Citizens of all countries may enter without a visa for up to 90 days except the citizens of Armenia, Nigeria and Syria.
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required Access Permit is required for traveling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa required
  • If you don't normally need a visa for Denmark, you can visit the Faroe Islands visa-free under the same rules (90 days in a half year)
  • If you need a visa for Denmark, inform the embassy when you apply that you'll be visiting the Faroe Islands, as Schengen-area visas issued for the mainland don't apply to the Faroe Islands (or Greenland).
 Gibraltar Visa required Visa-free if you hold a diplomatic passport.
 Guernsey Visa required Visa policy of United Kingdom are applies de facto.
 Isle of Man Visa required Visa policy of United Kingdom are applies de facto.
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required
  • Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours.
  • Permit issued by the Norwegian Police for staying for more than 24 hours.
 Jersey Visa required Visa policy of United Kingdom are applies de facto.
 Kosovo Visa required
 Luhansk People's Republic Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia aren't allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.
 Artsakh Visa required[233] Travellers with Artsakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Artsakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.
 Novorossiya Restricted area Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.
Russia Closed cities of Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.
 South Ossetia Visa required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[234]
 Svalbard Visa not required Unlimited
 Transnistria Visa not required 24 hours Registration required after 24h.
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Anguilla Visa required In addition, holders of a valid visa or residence permit from the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom and holders of diplomatic passport don't require a visa.[235][236]
 Aruba Visa required
 Bermuda Visa required
Netherlands (Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba) Visa required
 British Virgin Islands Visa required Permanent residents of the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom don't require a visa.
 Cayman Islands Visa required Visa required for transit.
Colombia San Andrés and Leticia Tourist cards on arrival Visitors over the age of 6 arriving at San Andrés and Leticia must purchase tourist cards on arrival at a cost of COP$105,000 and COP$30,000.
 Curaçao Visa required
France French West Indies Visa required French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy
 Greenland Visa required
Venezuela Margarita Island Visa required
 Montserrat eVisa 1 year Multiple-entry eVisa valid for 1 year can be obtained through the internet, prior to departure.[237]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa required
 Sint Maarten Visa required
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa required Permanent residence or holders of valid Visas of the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom don't require a visa for a maximum stay of 90 days.
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed Note (including departure fees)
 American Samoa Visa required
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation permit
Australia Christmas Islands Visa required Passports and Visas aren't required when travelling from the Australian mainland. However, photographic identification must be produced for clearance through customs and Immigration. Normal Australian customs and Immigration procedures apply when entry is made from outside Australia.[238]
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands Visa required
Australia Macquarie Island Special authorisation permit A written authorisation of the Director of National Parks and Wildlife is required.
 Norfolk Island Visa required From 1 July 2016 all movement between Norfolk Island and Australian mainland are considered as domestic movement, however all passenger are still required to carry passports or, for Australian citizens, some type of photographic identification and pass Customs and Immigration. Normal Australian Customs and Immigration procedures apply when entry is made from outside Australia. Passenger not carrying their passports aren't eligible to purchase duty-free goods on Norfolk Island.
 Clipperton Island Visa required
 Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days
 New Caledonia Visa required
Fiji Lau Province Special Permission required
 French Polynesia Visa required
 Guam Visa required
 Niue Visa on arrival 30 days or less
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days or less
 Tokelau entry permit required All visitors must obtain a permit to enter Tokelau from the Tokelau Apia Liaison Office in Apia, at least 2 weeks prior to travel. Tokelau can only be reached by boat from Samoa and a permit from the Samoan Immigration Authorities is required to leave and re-enter Samoa.
 United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.
 Wallis and Futuna Visa required
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Note (excluding departure fees)
 Galápagos Pre-registration required Online Pre-registration is required. Travel Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.
 French Guiana Visa required
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Allowed stay Note (excluding departure fees)
 Falkland Islands Visa required
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 mouth for £110/160).
 Antarctica Special permits required Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica,  Australian Antarctic Territory,  Chilean Antarctic Territory,  Heard Island and McDonald Islands,  Peter I Island,  Queen Maud Land,  Ross Dependency.

APEC Business Travel Card[edit]

  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[239]

1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days
3 – up to 59 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[240]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by  Canada and  United States)
  • undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of visa interview (United States)

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking - Passport Index 2019" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ Visa regime for foreign citizens, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of Albania.
  4. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  5. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  6. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  7. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  8. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  9. ^ Visa, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia.
  10. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  11. ^ "Visitor e600 Visa Online Applications". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Archived from the original on 2016-01-12.
  12. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  13. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  14. ^ "500 - Internal Server Error". evisa.gov.az. Archived from the original on 2018-04-23.
  15. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  16. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
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  18. ^ Visa requirements for foreign nationals entering Barbados, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade of Barbados, 3 June 2009.
  19. ^ Visa-free travel, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.
  20. ^ "Национальный правовой Интернет-портал Республики Беларусь". www.pravo.by.
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  23. ^ Countries not requiring an entry visa, Department of Immigration and Nationality Services of Belize, September 2016.
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  51. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  52. ^ https://www.timaticweb.com/cgi-bin/tim_website_client.cgi?SpecData=1&VISA=&page=visa&NA=VN&AR=00&PASSTYPES=PASS&DE=CR&user=KLMB2C&subuser=KLMB2C[permanent dead link]
  53. ^ [1]
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  55. ^ "MVEP • Visa requirements overview". www.mvep.hr. Archived from the original on 2013-07-19.
  56. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  57. ^ Visa policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus.
  58. ^ "HIGH COMMISSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS IN LONDON - Consular Information". www.mfa.gov.cy. Archived from the original on 2016-03-16.
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  60. ^ Countries with a visa requirement and visa-free countries, Danish Immigration Service, 8 December 2017.
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  71. ^ "Ethiopia electronic visa". Main Department for Immigration and Nationality Affairs, Ethiopia. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
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  73. ^ Visa requirement and travel documents accepted by Finland, Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
  74. ^ Foreign nationals holding ordinary passports exempt from visa requirements, Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs of France, January 2016.
  75. ^ "Gabon e-Visa". evisa.dgdi.ga. Archived from the original on 2017-07-07.
  76. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  77. ^ "ENTRY INTO THE GAMBIA. GAMBIA IMMIGRATION DEPARTMENT". gid.gov.gm. 2017-12-23. Archived from the original on 2017-12-23. Retrieved 2017-12-23.
  78. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  79. ^ "Georgia e-VISA Portal". www.evisa.gov.ge.
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Notes