Wymondham railway station

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Wymondham
National Rail
Wymondham station (6385179829).jpg
LocationWymondham, South Norfolk
United Kingdom
Grid referenceTG114009
Managed byGreater Anglia
Platforms2
Other information
Station codeWMD
ClassificationDfT category F1
History
Opened30 July 1845
Passengers
2014/15Increase 0.182 million[1]
2015/16Decrease 0.180 million[1]
2016/17Increase 0.188 million[1]
2017/18Decrease 0.187 million[1]
2018/19Increase 0.200 million[1]

Wymondham railway station is on the Breckland Line in the east of England, serving the town of Wymondham, Norfolk. The line runs between Cambridge in the west and Norwich in the east. It is situated between Spooner Row and Norwich, 113 miles 72 chains (183.3 km) from London Liverpool Street via Ely.

The station is managed by Greater Anglia, which also operates most of the services calling at the station. Some East Midlands Railway services also stop at Wymondham. Platform 2 has no disabled accessibility.

Wymondham is also the junction of the Mid-Norfolk Railway, a heritage route to Dereham, although those services operate from a separate station named Wymondham Abbey which is approximately one mile from Wymondham. Wymondham was also once the junction of a branch line via Ashwellthorpe to Forncett.

History[edit]

The Bill for the Norwich & Brandon Railway (N&BR) received Royal Assent on 10 May 1844. Work started on the line in 1844 and the line and its stations were opened on 30 July 1845. Wymondham station opened with the line and was, when it opened, situated east of Spooner Row station and west of Spink's Lane station. The line ran from Ely to Trowse, in Norwich. The link into Norwich was delayed due to the need to build a bridge over the River Wensum that kept the river navigable.

One month before the N&BR opened a Bill authorising the amalgamation of the Yarmouth & Norwich Railway with the N&BR came into effect and so Wymondham station became a Norfolk Railway asset.

In November 1845 Spink's Lane station was permanently closed as the NR determined that having two stations in the village was excessive. With the closure of Spink's Lane the next station east of Wymondham became Hethersett.[2]

On 15 February 1847 Wymondham became a junction station with the opening of the Wymondham to Wells Branch to Dereham and Wells-next-the-Sea. The first station on the branch after Wymondham was Kimberley Park, then known simply as 'Kimberley'.[disputed ]

An Act of Parliament on 7 August 1862 authorised the amalgamation of the Eastern Counties Railway, the Eastern Union Railway and others, which formed the Great Eastern Railway, which had taken place on 1 July 1862.[3]

19 years after the GER was formed the GER promoted a Bill to build a cut-off line from Forncett via Ashwellthorpe on the Great Eastern Main Line to the Norwich-Ely line at Wymondham. Work started in 1880 and the line opened on 2 May 1881.[4]

The difficult economic circumstances that existed after World War 1 led the Government to pass the Railways Act 1921 which led to the creation of the "Big Four". The GER amalgamated with several other companies to create the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER).[5] Wymondham became a LNER station on 1 January 1923. The line to Forncett closed in 1939.[6]

On nationalisation in 1948 the station and its services were transferred to the Eastern Region of British Railways.[7]

The Wells branch closed to passengers on 6 October 1969,[8] with freight services continuing until 1989; the section of that line between Wymondham and Dereham forms the Mid-Norfolk Railway.

Upon privatisation the station and most of its services were transferred to Anglia Railways on 5 January 1997, with services towards the Midlands were transferred to Central Trains on 2 March 1997.

On 1 April 2004 the station and its services were transferred to National Express East Anglia, then known as "one". Three years later, on 11 Nov 2007 the Central Trains franchise was broken up and services between Liverpool and Norwich were transferred to East Midlands Trains. The station's ticket office reopened in 2005. On 5 February 2012 the station and its services were transferred to Abellio Greater Anglia. In August 2019, all services operated by East Midlands Trains were transferred to East Midlands Railway, upon the expiry of EMT's franchise.

Until 2009 there was a telegraph pole route still in operation between Wymondham and Brandon. This was removed gradually during the early part of 2009 and was the last section remaining in England and one of the last remaining in the United Kingdom. In 2012 the local signal box was closed and the semaphore signalling was replaced by lightweight LED signals controlled from Cambridge.

The signal box, Mid-Norfolk Railway line to the right, and old rolling stock. Pictured 2009

Wymondham is situated between Spooner Row and Norwich, 113 miles 72 chains (183.3 km) down-line from London Liverpool Street via Ely. The station is managed by Abellio Greater Anglia, which also operates most of the services calling at the station. Some East Midlands Railway also stop at Wymondham.

Mid-Norfolk Railway[edit]

Wymondham is also the junction of the Mid-Norfolk Railway, a heritage railway route to Dereham, although those services operate from a separate station named Wymondham Abbey which is approximately one mile from Wymondham.

Services[edit]

As of December 2019, from Monday to Saturday there is typically one train per hour eastbound to Norwich operated by Greater Anglia. There are also four trains per day to Norwich operated by East Midlands Railway.

There is typically one train per hour westbound to Cambridge operated by Abellio Greater Anglia, with nine trains per day now extended to Stansted Airport.[9] There are two trains per day to Ely operated by East Midlands Railway; from Ely these services continue to Liverpool Lime Street via Peterborough and Nottingham.[10]

On Sundays there is typically one train per hour to Norwich and one train per hour to Stansted Airport, operated by Greater Anglia.[11]

Rolling stock[edit]

Until 2010 three items of rolling stock were displayed on a short section of isolated line laid close to the station, originally intended to house a camping coach. These were Drewry 0-4-0 diesel shunter VF D297 DC 2583 of 1956, disguised as a Class 04 tram locomotive, a British Railways tube wagon,[12] and a SECR 25 ton brake van, formerly used as Stratford crane mess van.[13] The wagons have since been relocated to Whitwell & Reepham railway station, with the locomotive moving to the Bressingham Steam Museum.[14]

Possible developments[edit]

The Mid-Norfolk Railway has proposed extending that line to an adjacent interchange station.[15] The proposed Norfolk Orbital Railway would see services restored between Wymondham and the Norfolk coast, involving use of the track owned by the Mid-Norfolk Railway.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at this station from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
  2. ^ Allen, Cecil J. (1975). The Great Eastern Railway (6th ed.). Shepperton: Ian Allan.
  3. ^ Allen, Cecil J. (1956) [1955]. The Great Eastern Railway (2nd ed.). Hampton Court: Ian Allan. p. 46.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  4. ^ Route of Wymondham to Forncett Railway Line
  5. ^ The Railways Act 1921
  6. ^ Wymondham to Forncett railway
  7. ^ Transport Act 1947
  8. ^ EAFA film of the closure at Wells
  9. ^ "Direct Norwich to Stansted trains to start this December". RAIL magazine. 2 October 2019.
  10. ^ GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Tables 17 & 49 (Network Rail)
  11. ^ http://ojp.nationalrail.co.uk/service/ldbboard/dep/WMD
  12. ^ http://www.ws.rhrp.org.uk/ws/WagonInfo.asp?Ref=9753
  13. ^ http://www.ws.rhrp.org.uk/ws/WagonInfo.asp?Ref=9759
  14. ^ Bressingham Steam Museum Stocklist
  15. ^ Owen Stratford & Roland Hummerston (2000). The Mid-Norfolk Railway Guide Book 2nd Edition. MNRPT. p. 14.
  16. ^ An Orbital Railway for Norfolk

External links[edit]

Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
Abellio Greater Anglia
Limited services
East Midlands Railway
Liverpool-Norwich
Limited services
Heritage railways
Interchange with Wymondham Abbey on the Mid-Norfolk Railway
Historical railways
Line and station open
Eastern Region of British RailwaysTerminus
Line and station open
Norfolk Railway
Line open, station closed
Disused railways
TerminusLondon and North Eastern Railway
Wymondham to Forncett, via Ashwellthorpe
Line and station closed
  Future services  
Wymondham Abbey
Line and station open,
no scheduled passenger service
  Norfolk Orbital Railway
Mid-Norfolk Railway
  Terminus

Coordinates: 52°33′53″N 1°07′04″E / 52.56484°N 1.11765°E / 52.56484; 1.11765