|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1510s 1520s 1530s – 1540s – 1550s 1560s 1570s|
|Years:||1546 1547 1548 – 1549 – 1550 1551 1552|
|1549 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2302|
|English Regnal year||2 Edw. 6 – 3 Edw. 6|
— to —己酉年十二月十三日
|- Vikram Samvat||1605–1606|
|- Shaka Samvat||1471–1472|
|- Kali Yuga||4650–4651|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||549–550|
|Japanese calendar||Tenbun 18
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1549 MDXLIX|
|Minguo calendar||363 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2092|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1549|
Year 1549 (MDXLIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. In the Kingdom of England, it was known as "The Year of the Many-Headed Monster", because of the unusually high number of rebellions which occurred in the country.
- January – King Tabinshwehti of Burma begins his invasion of the Ayutthaya Kingdom in the Burmese–Siamese War (1548–49). This ends in retreat.
- March 29 – The city of Salvador da Bahia, Brazil's first capital, is founded.
- June 9 – Book of Common Prayer introduced in English churches; Prayer Book Rebellion against it breaks out in the West Country.
- July – Kett's Rebellion in East Anglia, against land enclosures; rebellion in Oxfordshire against landowners associated with religious changes.
- July 27 – Francis Xavier arrives in Japan.
- August 8–9 – England and France declare war.
- August 17 – Battle of Sampford Courtenay in England: Prayer Book Rebellion quashed.
- August 26 – Battle of Dussindale in England: Kett's Rebellion quashed.
- November 4 – The Pragmatic Sanction is proclaimed by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. The Seventeen Provinces are declared inseparable.
- Peter Canisius starts the Counter-Reformation in Bavaria.
- Excerpta antiqua published by Hervagius at Basel.
- Although trade existed between the two beforehand, in this year the Portuguese begins to send regular seasonal maritime trade missions to Ming Dynasty China at Sao João Island (also known as Shangchuan Island) near Macau.
- The spire of Lincoln Cathedral in England is blown down leaving St. Olaf's Church, Tallinn, in Estonia as the World's tallest structure.
- July 12 – Edward Manners, 3rd Earl of Rutland (d. 1587)
- July 30 – Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1609)
- August 2 – Mikołaj Krzysztof "the Orphan" Radziwiłł, Polish nobleman (d. 1616)
- November 5 – Philippe de Mornay, French writer (d. 1623)
- November 30 – Sir Henry Savile, English educator (d. 1622)
- date unknown
- January 28 – Elia Levita, Yiddish writer (b. 1469)
- February 3 – Chief Queen Sri Suriyothai, consort of King Maha Chakkrapat of Ayutthaya (killed in battle)
- February 14 – Il Sodoma, Italian painter (b. 1477)
- March 10 – Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, English politician and diplomat (b. 1508)
- April – Andrew Boorde, English traveller (b. 1490)
- April 15 – Henry Somerset, 2nd Earl of Worcester (b. 1496)
- November 10 – Pope Paul III (b. 1468)
- December 7 – Robert Kett, English rebel (executed)
- December 21 – Marguerite de Navarre, queen of Henry II of Navarre (b. 1492)
- date unknown – Daniel Bomberg, printer
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 215–218. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Rosen, Adrienne (2010). "Tudor Rebellions". In Tiller, Kate; Darkes, Giles (ed). An Historical Atlas of Oxfordshire. Chipping Norton: Oxfordshire Record Society. pp. 82–3. ISBN 978-0-902509-68-9.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 147–150. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Lincoln Cathedral History". Lincoln Cathedral. Retrieved 2012-05-06.