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|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1590s 1600s 1610s – 1620s – 1630s 1640s 1650s|
|Years:||1619 1620 1621 – 1622 – 1623 1624 1625|
|1622 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2375|
|English Regnal year||19 Ja. 1 – 20 Ja. 1|
— to —壬戌年十一月廿九日
|- Vikram Samvat||1678–1679|
|- Shaka Samvat||1544–1545|
|- Kali Yuga||4723–4724|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||622–623|
|Japanese calendar||Genna 8
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||290 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2165|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1622|
- January 1 – In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25.
- January 7 – Germany and Transylvania signs Peace of Nikolsburg.
- February 8 – King James I of England disbands the English Parliament.
- March 12 – Ignatius of Loyola, Francis Xavier, Teresa of Avila, Isidore the Farmer and Philip Neri are Beatified by Pope Gregory XV.
- March 22 – Jamestown massacre: Algonquian natives kill 347 English settlers outside Jamestown, Virginia (1/3 of the colony's population) and burn the Henricus settlement. This begins the American Indian Wars.
- April 19 – Richelieu is made Cardinal.
- April 22 – Hormuz is captured from the Portuguese by an Anglo-Persian force.
- April 27 – Thirty Years' War: A Skirmish at Mingolsheim is fought between Protestant forces under Mansfeld and Georg Friedrich of Baden-Durlach, against Imperial forces under Tilly. The Protestants win, but afterwards Tilly links up with a Spanish Army under Gonzalo de Córdoba, greatly increasing his strength.
- May – Huguenot rebellions: The huguenot city of Royan is taken by royal forces after a short siege.
- May 6 – Thirty Years' War: While waiting for the Protestant forces of Christian of Brunswick to join them, Mansfeld and Georg Friedrich of Baden-Durlach split up their forces as a diversion for the Imperial army of Tilly. Their plan fails, as Tilly manages to cut off Georg Friedrich at Wimpfen. At the ensuing Battle of Wimpfen, Georg Friedrich's army is almost completely destroyed.
- May 13 – The Eendracht, a VOC ship and the second recorded European ship to make landfall on Australian soil, is wrecked off the western coast of Ambon Island, Dutch East Indies.
- May 20 – Ottoman Sultan Osman II is strangled by rebelling Janissaries, who revolted when they heard rumours that Osman II was planning to move against them.
- May 25 – The English ship Tryall, which left Plymouth, England for Batavia (now Jakarta), wrecks on the Tryal Rocks, 9 months later (wreck discovered in 1969).
- June 11 – Huguenot rebellions: The huguenot city of Nègrepelisse is taken after a short siege by royal forces. The entire population of the city is subsequently massacred, and the city is burned to the ground.
- June 20 – Thirty Years' War: Imperial forces under Tilly attempt to prevent Christian of Brunswick from moving his army across the Main river to link up with Mansfeld. At the Battle of Höchst, Tilly manages to inflict considerable casualties on the Protestant forces, as well as seizing Brunswick's baggage train. Nonetheless, the bulk of Brunswick's forces manage to unite with Mansfeld.
- June 24 – Dutch-Portuguese War: The outnumbered Portuguese forces successfully defend Macau from the Dutch fleet in the Battle of Macau, keeping a Portuguese foothold in the Far East.
- July 13 – Thirty Years' War: After Mansfeld fails to relieve the siege of Heidelberg, Frederick V, Elector Palatine, cancels Mansfeld's contract and disbands his army. The unemployed army of Mansfeld and Christian of Brunswick is subsequently hired by the Dutch.
- July 13 or July 14 – English and Dutch ships defeat the Portuguese near Mozambique.
- July 18 – Eighty Years' War: Bergen-op-Zoom is besieged by a Spanish army under the command of Ambrogio Spinola.
- August 29 – Thirty Years' War: While on their way to relieve the Siege of Bergen-op-Zoom in the Netherlands, the army of Mansfeld and Christian of Brunswick is blocked by a Spanish army led by Gonzalo de Córdoba. In the Battle of Fleurus, Cordoba manages to fight off the Protestant assault. The next day, Cordoba surprises the retreating Protestant army with his cavalry, resulting in the destruction of most of the Protestant army.
- September 6 – Spanish treasure fleet sinks off Marquesa Key in the straights of Florida Atocha, Margarita, and Rosario most heavily laden treeasure ships found in 20th century
- September 19 – Thirty Year's War: Heidelberg, the capital of the Electorate of the Palatinate, is taken by the Imperial army of Tilly after a three-month siege.
- October 2 – Eighty Years' War: After a siege of 86 days, Bergen-op-Zoom is relieved by a Dutch army led by Maurice of Nassau and Ernst von Mansfeld.
- October 18 – Huguenot rebellions: The first Huguenot rebellion ends with the signing of the Treaty of Montpellier.
- October 27 – Huguenot rebellions: The inconclusive Naval battle of Saint-Martin-de-Ré is fought between the Huguenot fleet of La Rochelle commanded by Jean Guiton, and a royal fleet under the command of Charles of Guise.
Date unknown 
- Dutch ships under Joachim Swartenhondt, while escorting a convoy, repel a Spanish squadron near Gibraltar.
- Étienne Brûlé is the first European to see Lake Superior.
- Portugal loses control of the island of Ormus, after 107 years.
- Albertus Magnus is beatified, and Teresa of Avila is canonized, by the Roman Catholic Church.
- "Rosicrucianism furor" in Paris.
- War between the Netherlands and Spain recommences after the Twelve Years' Truce (1609–1621).
- The Golden Horn freezes.
- First record of bottled spring water in England at Holy Well, Malvern.
- January 15 – Molière, French playwright (died 1673)
- January 28 – Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (died 1691)
- October 11 – Tierck Hiddes de Vries, Frisian naval hero and commander (died 1666)
- February 23 – Robert Treat, governor of Connecticut colony during 1683–1698 (died 1710)
- February 24 – Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (died 1665)
- April 5 – Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician and scientist (died 1703)
- May 8 – Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman (died 1698)
- May 22 – Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France (died 1698)
- November 8 – King Charles X of Sweden (died 1660)
- January 23 – William Baffin, English explorer (born 1584)
- February 19 – Sir Henry Savile, English educator (born 1549)
- April 24 – Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Roman Catholic missionary (born 1577)
- May 3 – Pedro Páez, Spanish Jesuit missionary (born 1564)
- May 15 – Petrus Plancius, astronomer and cartographer (born 1552)
- May 20 – Osman II, Ottoman Sultan (born 1604)
- July 1 – William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, British politician (born 1575)
- September 14 – Alof de Wignacourt, 54th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (born 1547)
- November 22 – Pierre Biard, French settler, and Jesuit missionary (born 1567)
- December 28 – Francis de Sales, Bishop of Geneva and saint (born 1567)
- date unknown
- Sédir, Paul (1972). Les Rose-Croix. Paris. pp. 65–66.