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|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1540s 1550s 1560s – 1570s – 1580s 1590s 1600s|
|Years:||1569 1570 1571 – 1572 – 1573 1574 1575|
|1572 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2325|
|English Regnal year||14 Eliz. 1 – 15 Eliz. 1|
— to —壬申年十一月廿七日
|- Vikram Samvat||1628–1629|
|- Shaka Samvat||1494–1495|
|- Kali Yuga||4673–4674|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||572–573|
|Japanese calendar||Genki 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1572 MDLXXII|
|Minguo calendar||340 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2115|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1572|
- January 16 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. He is executed on June 2.
- February – Harrow School is founded, with a royal charter from Queen Elizabeth I of England.
- February 13 – Elizabeth I of England issues a proclamation which revokes all commissions on account of the frauds which they had fostered.
- April 1 – Capture of Brielle: The Sea Beggars, Netherlandish Calvinist rebels, capture the port city of Brielle. This leads to a wave of uprisings in Holland and Zealand against Spanish Habsburg rule, leaving most of those provinces (with the exception of Amsterdam), under rebel control.
- May 13 – Pope Gregory XIII succeeds Pope Pius V as the 226th pope.
- June 25 – The Sea Beggars capture the city of Gorkum. Several Roman Catholic priests are imprisoned.
- July 9 – The Sea Beggars hang nineteen previously imprisoned Roman Catholic priests at Brielle.
- July 11 – Humphrey Gilbert leads 1500 volunteers from England on an expedition to assist the Sea Beggars.
- July 19 – Wanli Emperor of China ascends the throne at the age of nine; he will rule for 48 years.
- July 29 – August 2 – A large Crimean Tatar–Ottoman army which invaded Russia is routed in the Battle of Molodi.
- August 18 – Huguenot King Henry III of Navarre marries Marguerite de Valois, sister of King Charles and daughter of Catherine de Medici, in a supposed attempt to reconcile Protestants and Catholics in France.
- August 24 – St. Bartholomew's Day massacre: Catholics in Paris murder thousands of Protestants, including Gaspard de Coligny and Petrus Ramus, at the order of King Charles IX with Catherine de Medici's connivance. Henry of Navarre and the Prince of Condé barely escape the same fate. This brings about the Fourth War of Religion in France.
- November 9
- Siege of Sancerre: Catholic forces of the king lay siege to Sancerre, a Huguenot stronghold in central France. The fortified city holds out for nearly eight months without bombard artillery. This is one of the last times that slings are used in European warfare.
- Supernova SN 1572 is first observed in the constellation Cassiopeia by Cornelius Gemma. Tycho Brahe, who noted it two days later, would use it to challenge the prevailing view that stars do not change. The supernova remnant remained visible through 1574.
- December – Siege of Haarlem is begun by the Duke of Alva, Spanish commander in the Netherlands.
Date unknown 
- Vilcabamba, Peru, the last independent remnant of the Inca Empire, is conquered by Spain.
- Geronimo Mercuriali from Forlì (Italy) writes the work De morbis cutaneis ("On the diseases of the skin"), the first scientific tract on dermatology.
- Imaginary numbers defined by Rafael Bombelli.
- Portugal's national epic Os Lusíadas by Luís de Camões is first published.
- Georg Braun begins publication of his urban atlas Civitates orbis terrarum in Cologne.
- February 27 – Francis II, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1632)
- April 14 – Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (d. 1632)
- June 11 – Ben Jonson, English dramatist (d. 1637)
- November 8 – John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1619)
- December 31 – Emperor Go-Yozei of Japan (d. 1617)
- date unknown
- Francis van Aarssens (d. 1641)
- Sigismund Báthory, Prince of Transylvania and of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1613)
- Johann Bayer, German astronomer (d. 1625)
- Alfonso de la Cueva, marqués de Bedmar, Spanish diplomat (d. 1655)
- Arend Dickmann, Dutch admiral in the Polish Navy (d. 1627)
- John Donne, English writer and prelate (d. 1631)
- John Floyd, English Jesuit (d. 1649)
- Bartholomew Gosnold, English lawyer and explorer (d. 1607)
- Cyril Lucaris, Greek prelate and theologian (d. 1637)
- James Mabbe, English scholar and poet (d. 1642)
- Thomas Tomkins, Welsh composer (d. 1656)
- probable – Giovanni Bernardino Azzolini or Mazzolini or Asoleni, Italian painter (d. c.1645)
- January 26 – Pierre de Monte, 50th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (b. 1499)
- February 23 – Pierre Certon, French composer (b. c. 1510)
- February 28 – Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (b. 1505)
- March 2 – Mem de Sá, Portuguese Governor-General of Brazil (b. c. 1500)
- March 10 – William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester (b. c. 1483)
- March 27 – Girolamo Maggi, Italian Renaissance man (b. c. 1523)
- May 1 – Pope Pius V (b. 1504)
- May 11 – Moses Isserles, rabbi and Talmudist (b. 1530)
- June 2 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk (b. 1536)
- June 9 – Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre (b. 1528)
- July 5 – Longqing Emperor of China (b. 1537)
- July 7 – King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland (b. 1520)
- August 5 – Isaac Luria, Palestinian-born Kabbalist (b. 1534)
- August 20 – Miguel López de Legazpi, Spanish conquistador of the Philippines (born [ 1510)
- August 24 through August 31 – Victims of the 'St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre':
- September – Denis Lambin, French classical scholar (b. 1520)
- September 24 – Túpac Amaru, last of the Incas
- September 30 – Francis Borgia, Italian Jesuit (b. 1510)
- October 24 – Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby, English politician (b. 1508)
- October 29 – John Erskine, 17th Earl of Mar, regent of Scotland
- November 23 – Agnolo di Cosimo, Italian artist and poet (b. 1503)
- November 24 – John Knox, Scottish religious reformer (b. 1513)
- December 3 – Franjo Frankopan Cetinski,Croatian Count and Latinist (b. 1536)
- December 22 – François Clouet, French miniaturist (b. c. 1510)
- date unknown
- probable – Christopher Tye, English composer and organist (b. 1505)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 226–229. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Tyerman, Christopher (2000). A History of Harrow School. Oxford University Press. pp. 8–17. ISBN 0-19-822796-5.
- University of Otago Library exhibition note for The Earth & Beyond; Allen, R. H. Star Names: their Lore and Meaning, Bill Thayer's edition at LacusCurtius, "Cassiopeia."