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This article is about the year 1515.
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1480s 1490s 1500s – 1510s – 1520s 1530s 1540s|
|Years:||1512 1513 1514 – 1515 – 1516 1517 1518|
|1515 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2268|
|Bahá'í calendar||−329 – −328|
|English Regnal year||6 Hen. 8 – 7 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar||甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4211 or 4151
— to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
4212 or 4152
|- Vikram Samvat||1571–1572|
|- Shaka Samvat||1437–1438|
|- Kali Yuga||4616–4617|
|Japanese calendar||Eishō 12
|Minguo calendar||397 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2058|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1515.|
- July 2 – Manchester Grammar School is endowed by Hugh Oldham, the first free grammar school in England.
- July 22 – At the First Congress of Vienna, a double wedding takes place to cement agreements. Louis, only son of King Vladislaus II of Hungary, marries Mary of Austria, granddaughter of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor; and Mary's brother, Archduke Ferdinand, marries Vladislaus' daughter, Anna.
- August 25 – Conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar founds Havana, Cuba.
- September 13–14 – Battle of Marignano: The army of Francis I of France defeats the Swiss, thanks to the timely arrival of a Venetian army. Francis restores French control of Milan.
- November 15 – Thomas Wolsey is invested as a Cardinal.
- December 24 – Thomas Wolsey is named Lord Chancellor of England.
- Ottoman sultan Selim I kills Dulkadirid ruler Alaüddevle, challenging the Mameluk sultan of Egypt al-Ghawri.
- The Yadigarid Uzbeks found the Khanate of Khiva.
- Bartolomé de las Casas urges Charles V to end Amerindian slavery and recommends the importation of blacks from Africa.
- Dürer's Rhinoceros cut.
- Henry Cornelius Agrippa returns to Northern Italy.
- January 1 – Johann Weyer, Dutch physician (d. 1588)
- January 4 – Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł, Polish magnate (d. 1565)
- February 14 – Frederick III, Elector Palatine, ruler from the house of Wittelsbach (d. 1576)
- February 18 – Valerius Cordus, German physician, botanist and author (d. 1544)
- February 24 – Johann Weyer, Dutch physician (d. 1588)
- March 10 – Injong of Joseon, Ruler of Korea (d. 1545)
- March 12 – Caspar Othmayr, German Protestant priest, theologian and composer (d. 1553)
- March 28 – Teresa of Ávila, Spanish Carmelite nun, poet and saint (d. 1582)
- May 2 – Sibylle of Saxony, Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1592)
- May 12 – Christoph, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1568)
- June 15 – Anne Herbert, Countess of Pembroke, English countess (d. 1552)
- July 10 – Francisco de Toledo, Viceroy of Peru (d. 1582)
- July 14 – Philip I, Duke of Pomerania, (d. 1560)
- July 21 – Philip Neri, Italian Roman Catholic saint (d. 1595)
- September 8 – Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish biblical scholar and early Jesuit (d. 1585)
- September 22 – Anne of Cleves, Fourth Queen of Henry VIII of England (d. 1557)
- October 4 – Lucas Cranach the Younger, German painter (d. 1586)
- October 7 – Infante Duarte, Duke of Guimarães, 6th son of King Manuel I of Portugal (d. 1540)
- October 8 – Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (d. 1578)
- October 15 – Leone Strozzi, French Navy admiral (d. 1554)
- October 29 – Mary of Bourbon, daughter of Charles (d. 1538)
- November 22 – Mary of Guise, queen of James V of Scotland and regent of Scotland (d. 1560)
- December 15 – Maria of Saxony, Duchess of Pomerania (d. 1583)
- date unknown
- Gilbert Kennedy, 3rd Earl of Cassilis, Scottish peer (d. 1558)
- Sebastian Castellio, rector of the College of Geneva (d. 1563)
- Cristóbal Acosta, Portuguese doctor and natural historian (d. 1580)
- Injong of Joseon, 12th king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea (d. 1545)
- Pierre de la Ramée, French humanist scholar (d. 1572)
- Thomas Seckford, Master of Requests for Elizabeth I of England (d. 1587)
- Thomas Watson, Catholic bishop (d. 1584)
- Leonard Digges, English mathematician and surveyor (d. c. 1559)
- Jean Maillard, French composer
- Laurence Nowell, English antiquarian (d. 1571)
- Cipriano de Rore, Flemish composer and teacher (d. 1565)
- Nicholas Throckmorton, English churchman, last abbot of Westminster (d. 1571)
- John Willock, Scottish reformer (d. 1585)
- January 1 – King Louis XII of France (b. 1462)
- January 15 – Diebold Schilling the Younger, Swiss chronicler
- February 6 – Aldus Manutius, Venetian printer (b. c. 1449)
- April 15 – Mikołaj Kamieniecki, Polish nobleman (szlachcic) and the first Great Hetman of the Crown (b. 1460)
- September 9 – Joseph Volotsky, prominent caesaropapist ideologist of the Russian Orthodox Church, who led the party defending monastic landownership
- October – Bartolomeo d'Alviano, Venetian general (b. 1455)
- November 5 – Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (b. 1474)
- December 2 – Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general and statesman (b. 1453)
- December 16 – Afonso de Albuquerque, Portuguese naval general (b. 1453)
- date unknown
- probable – Vincenzo Foppa, Italian Renaissance painter (b. 1430)