From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1540s 1550s 1560s – 1570s – 1580s 1590s 1600s|
|Years:||1575 1576 1577 – 1578 – 1579 1580 1581|
|1578 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2331|
|English Regnal year||20 Eliz. 1 – 21 Eliz. 1|
— to —戊寅年十二月初四日
|- Vikram Samvat||1634–1635|
|- Shaka Samvat||1500–1501|
|- Kali Yuga||4679–4680|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||578–579|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 6
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||1578 MDLXXVIII|
|Minguo calendar||334 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2121|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1578|
- January 31 – Battle of Gembloux: Spanish forces under Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch. Alexander Farnese begins to recover control of the French-speaking Southern Netherlands.
- April 27 – The Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favourites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
- May 31 – Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fool's gold, used to pave streets in London.
- August 4 – Battle of Al Kasr al Kebir: The Moors defeat the Portuguese. King Sebastian I of Portugal is defeated and killed in North Africa, leaving his elderly uncle, Cardinal Henry, as his heir. This initiates a succession crisis in Portugal.
- October 1 – Alessandro Farnese succeeds Don John as Spanish Governor-General of the Netherlands.
- October 21 - Battle of Wenden: The Russians are defeated by the Swedes, who proceed to take Polotsk.
- Martin Frobisher holds the first celebration of Thanksgiving by Europeans in North America at Newfoundland by the Frobisher Expedition.
- Battle of the Spoiling Dyke at Trumpan in northwest Scotland: the Clan MacLeod are victorious over the MacDonalds of Uist.
- Sonam Gyrso receives from prince Atlan Khan the title of Talaï, and becomes the third Dalai Lama of Tibet.
- The Ottoman Empire conquers Abkhazia.
- The sixth and so far last outbreak of the sweating sickness occurs in England.
- Emperor Sarsa Dengel of Ethiopia kills Bahr negus Yeshaq, finally ending his rebellion.
- Francis Drake, during his circumnavigation of the globe, passes through the Strait of Magellan.
- March 2 – George Sandys, English traveller (d. 1644)
- April 1 – William Harvey, English physician (d. 1657)
- April 14 – King Philip III of Spain (d. 1621)
- May 16 – Everard Digby, English conspirator (d. 1606)
- July 9 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1637)
- July 31 – Catharina Belgica of Nassau, regent of Hanau-Münzenberg (d. 1648)
- August 5 – Charles de Luynes, first duke of Chaulnes (d. 1621)
- August 17 – Francesco Albani, Italian painter (d. 1660)
- November 1 – Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (d. 1642)
- December 2 – Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer (d. 1640)
- date unknown
- Giambattista Andreini, Italian actor and playwright (d. 1650)
- Yamada Arinaga, Japanese retainer of the Shimazu clan (d. 1668)
- Benedetto Castelli, Italian scientist (d. 1643)
- Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, English lawyer (d. 1640)
- Robert Cushman, Plymouth Colony settler (d. 1625)
- Iwasa Matabei, Japanese painter (d. 1650)
- Samuel Jordan, American colonial legislator (d. 1623)
- Grzegorz IV Radziwiłł, Polish magnate (d. 1613)
- François Ravaillac, killer of Henry IV of France (d. 1610)
- Ambrose Rokewood, English Gunpowder Plot conspirator (d. 1606)
- Francis Manners, 6th Earl of Rutland (d. 1632)
- Horio Tadauji, Japanese daimyo (d. 1604)
- January 5 – Giulio Clovio, Dalmatian painter (b. 1498)
- February 5 – Giambattista Moroni, Italian painter (b. 1510)
- March 3
- March 7 – Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (b. 1515)
- March 29 – Arthur Champernowne, English admiral (b. 1524)
- March 29 – Louis I, Cardinal of Guise, French cardinal (b. 1527)
- April 14 – James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary, Queen of Scots (b. 1535)
- April 19 – Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1530)
- June 20 – Thomas Doughty, English explorer (executed)
- August 4
- August 8 – Amago Katsuhisa, Japanese nobleman (b. 1553)
- August 11 – Pedro Nunes, Portuguese mathematician (b. 1502)
- September – Pierre Lescot, French architect (b. 1510)
- October 1 – Don John of Austria, military leader (b. 1547)
- December – Nicholas Heath, Archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor (b. 1501)
- date unknown