Accounts Chamber of Russia
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Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation (Russian: Счётная палата Российской Федерации) is the parliamentary body of the financial control in the Russian Federation.
The prototype of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation - a Chamber-collegium established by Peter I in 1718 for the management of state taxes, and some sectors of the state economy. Prior to that time in the treasury of Russian tsars was a mess. Ideologue and founder of Court of Auditors was Petr Lukich Aksenov . In 1719, he introduced in Russian government the written balance of income and expenditure of money in the state treasury, and gave the Emperor a weekly report of the motion of money. Moreover, Petr Aksenov defines form of accounting for the Chambers-collegium and teach it local clerk and officials from all Russia. In 1725, the Senate determined Peter Aksenov kamerirom, and in 1731 Secretary.
Status of the Accounting Chamber of the Russian Federation by the Constitution of Russia and the Federal Law "On the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation", according to which the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation is a permanent body of financial control, which is formed by the Federal Assembly, the bicameral parliament of Russia and accountable to him. The work of The Chamber is guided by federal law, carries out the assignments of the Federation Council and the State Duma. As part of its objectives Chamber has the organizational and functional independence. It is the supervisory body of the Federal Assembly, but is not a structural unit and formally applies to the legislative, executive or judicial branches of government.
Chairman and half of (six auditors) Accounts shall be appointed by the State Duma, Vice-President and the other half of (six auditors) - Council of the Federation. Audit Chamber composed of a body and the unit. Board considers the organization of work, as well as reports and messages. Chairman (or in his absence - his deputy) manages the Accounting Chamber, organizes its work, auditors led by certain activities. The apparatus consists of the inspectors (who directly organize and carry out control) and other staff members.
Internal matters of the Chamber, the distribution of responsibilities between auditors Court of Auditors, the and the interaction of the structural units of the Accounting Chamber, the order of business, development and implementation activities of all kinds and forms of control, and other activities are regulated by the Accounting Chamber, approved by its Board.