Visa requirements for Russian citizens

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Visa requirements for Russian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Russia. In 2013, Russian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 95 countries and territories, ranking the Russian passport 41st in the world.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Countries and territories with visa-free or visa-on-arrival entries for holders of regular Russian passports
  Russia
  Visa free
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic authorization
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

Country Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Albania Visa required[3] Visa-free in the period 25 May - 25 September
 Algeria Visa required[4]
 Andorra Visa required[5]
 Angola Visa required[6]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[7] 1 month
 Argentina Visa not required[8] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[9]
 Australia Visa required[10]
 Austria Visa required[11]
 Azerbaijan Visa not required[12]
 Bahamas Visa not required[13] 3 months
 Bahrain Visa on arrival[14] 14 days
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[15] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[16] 28 days
 Belarus Visa not required[17] Use of internal passport allowed
 Belgium Visa required[18]
 Belize Visa required[19]
 Benin Visa required[20]
 Bhutan Visa required[21]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[22] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[23] 30 days
 Botswana Visa not required[24] 90 days
 Brazil Visa not required[25] 90 days
 Brunei Visa required[26]
 Bulgaria Visa required[27]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[28]
 Burundi Visa on arrival[29] 30 days; obtainable at Bujumbura International Airport
 Cambodia Visa on arrival[30] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[31]
 Canada Visa required[32]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[33]
 Central African Republic Visa required[34]
 Chad Visa required[35]
 Chile Visa not required[36] 90 days
 China Visa required[37] 72-hours visa free visit when in transit at Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian and Shenyang.
 Colombia Visa not required[38] 180 days
 Comoros Visa on arrival[39]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[40]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[41]
 Costa Rica Visa not required[42] 30 days
 Côte d'Ivoire Visa required[43]
 Croatia Visa required[44]
 Cuba Visa not required[45] 30 days
 Cyprus Visa required[46] Pro-Visa issued online free of charge valid for 90 per 180 days in a year.
 Czech Republic Visa required[47]
 Denmark Visa required[48]
 Djibouti Visa on arrival[49]
 Dominica Visa not required[50] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[51] 90 days (10 USD Tourist Card valid for 30 days must be purchased upon arrival)
 Ecuador Visa not required[52] 90 days
 Egypt Visa on arrival[53]
 El Salvador Visa not required[54] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[55]
 Eritrea Visa required[56]
 Estonia Visa required[57]
 Ethiopia Visa on arrival[58]
 Fiji Visa not required[59] 4 months
 Finland Visa required[60]
 France Visa required[61]
 Gabon Visa required[62]
 Gambia Visa required[63]
 Georgia Visa not required[64] 90 days
 Germany Visa required[65]
 Ghana Visa required[66]
 Greece Visa required[67] Visa-free access to Chios, Kastellorizo, Kos, Lesvos, Rhodes, Samos and Symi.during
the summer when arriving on ferries from adjacent Turkish ports.
 Grenada Visa not required[68] 3 months
 Guatemala Visa not required[69] 90 days
 Guinea Visa required[70]
 Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[71] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[72] 3 months
 Haiti Visa not required[73] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[74] 3 months
 Hungary Visa required[75]
 Iceland Visa required[76]
 India Visa required[77]
 Indonesia Visa on arrival[78] 30 days
 Iran Visa on arrival[79] Conditions apply.[80]
 Iraq Visa required[81]
 Ireland Visa required[82]
 Israel Visa not required[83] 3 months
 Italy Visa required[84]
 Jamaica Visa not required[85] 30 days
 Japan Visa required[86]
 Jordan Visa on arrival[87]
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[88] 90 days, Use of internal passport allowed
 Kenya Visa on arrival[89] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[90]
 North Korea Visa required[91]
 South Korea Visa not required[92][93] 60 days, visa not required for 90 days for Jeju Island.[94]
 Kuwait Visa required[95]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[96] Use of internal passport allowed
 Laos Visa not required[97] 15 days
 Latvia Visa required[98]
 Lebanon Visa on arrival[99] 3 months
 Lesotho Visa required[100]
 Liberia Visa required[101]
 Libya Visa required[102]
 Liechtenstein Visa required[103]
 Lithuania Visa required[104]
 Luxembourg Visa required[105]
 Macedonia Visa not required[106] 90 days
 Madagascar Visa on arrival[107] 90 days
 Malawi Visa required[108]
 Malaysia Visa not required[109] 30 days
 Maldives Visa on arrival[110] 30 days
 Mali Visa on arrival[111]
 Malta Visa required[112]
 Marshall Islands Visa required[113]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[114]
 Mauritius Visa not required[115] 60 days
 Mexico Visa not required[116] Electronic Authorization (SAE - Solicitud de Autorización Electrónica) required.[117]
 Micronesia Visa not required[118] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[119]
 Monaco Visa required[120]
 Mongolia Visa required[121]
 Montenegro Visa not required[122] 30 days
 Morocco Visa not required[123] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[124] 30 days
 Myanmar Visa required[125]
 Namibia Visa not required[126] 3 months
 Nauru Visa required[127]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[128] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa required[129]
 New Zealand Visa required[130]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[131] 90 days
 Niger Visa required[132]
 Nigeria Visa required[133]
 Norway Visa required[134]
 Oman Visa required[135]
 Pakistan Visa required[136] Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[137]
 Palau Visa on arrival[138] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[139] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[140]
 Paraguay Visa on arrival[141] US$ 160 (cash only), available at Asuncion airport only
 Peru Visa not required[142] 183 days
 Philippines Visa not required[143] 30 days
 Poland Visa required[144] Residents of Kaliningrad Oblast do not require a visa.[145]
 Portugal Visa required[146]
 Qatar Visa required[147]
 Romania Visa required[148]
 Rwanda Visa required[149] Visa is obtained online.[150]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[151] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[152] 6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[153] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[154] 60 days
 San Marino Visa required[155]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa required[156] Visa is obtained online.[157]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[158]
 Senegal Visa required[159]
 Serbia Visa not required[160] 30 days
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[161] 1 month
 Sierra Leone Visa required[162]
 Singapore Visa required[163] E-visa option available. Some provisions for 96 hours visa-free transit.[164]
 Slovakia Visa required[165]
 Slovenia Visa required[166]
 Solomon Islands Visa required[167]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[168] 30 days, provided an invitation letter issued by the sponsor has been submitted
to the Airport Immigration Department at least 2 days before arrival.
 South Africa Visa required[169]
 South Sudan Visa required[170]
 Spain Visa required[171]
 Sri Lanka Electronic Travel Authorization[172] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[173]
 Suriname Visa required[174]
 Swaziland Visa not required[175] 30 days
 Sweden Visa required[176]
  Switzerland Visa required[177]
 Syria Visa required[178]
 Tajikistan Visa not required[179] Use of internal passport allowed
 Tanzania Visa on arrival[180]
 Thailand Visa not required[181] 30 days
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[182] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[183] 7 days
 Tonga Visa on arrival[184] 31 days
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[185] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa required[186] Not required for tours organised by a travel agency.
 Turkey Visa not required[187] 60 days
 Turkmenistan Visa required[188]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[189] 1 month
 Uganda Visa on arrival[190]
 Ukraine Visa not required[191] 90 days within 180 days, use of internal passport allowed
 United Arab Emirates Visa required[192]
 United Kingdom Visa required[193] 24-hours visa free visit when in transit [194]
 United States Visa required[195]
 Uruguay Visa not required[196] 90 days
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[197]
 Vanuatu Visa on arrival[198] 30 days
  Vatican City Visa required[199]
 Venezuela Visa not required[200] 90 days
 Vietnam Visa not required[201] 15 days
 Yemen Visa required[202]
 Zambia Visa on arrival[203] 90 days
 Zimbabwe Visa on arrival[204] 90 days

Unrecognized or partially recognized countries[edit]

Countries Conditions of access
 Abkhazia 90 days
 Kosovo visa required[205]
 Northern Cyprus 90 days
 Nagorno-Karabakh unlimited access
 Palestine visa not required[206]
 South Ossetia 90 days
 Taiwan visa required[207]
 Transnistria visa free

Dependent and autonomous territories[edit]

Countries Conditions of access Notes
United Kingdom
 Anguilla visa required
 Bermuda visa required
 British Virgin Islands visa required
 Cayman Islands visa required
 Falkland Islands visa required
 Gibraltar UK visa required 21 days visa free for multiple entry Schengen (e.g. Spanish) visa holders.[208]
 Guernsey visa required
 Isle of Man visa required
 Jersey visa required
 Montserrat visa required
China
China Hainan visa not required 15 days[209]
 Hong Kong visa not required 14 days[210]
 Macau visa not required 30 days[211]
Denmark
 Faroe Islands visa required
 Greenland visa required
Netherlands
 Aruba visa required
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands visa required includes Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba
 Curaçao visa required
 Sint Maarten visa required
France
 French Guiana visa required
 French Polynesia visa required
France French West Indies visa required includes overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique and overseas collectivities of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy
 Mayotte visa required
 New Caledonia visa required
 Réunion visa required
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon visa required
 Wallis and Futuna visa required
New Zealand
 Cook Islands visa not required 31 days[212]
 Niue visa not required 30 days[213]
 Tokelau visa required
United States
 American Samoa visa required
 Guam visa not required
 Northern Mariana Islands visa not required
 U.S. Virgin Islands visa required
 Puerto Rico visa required

Visa replacement[edit]

Certain countries waive the visa requirement if the visitor is in the possession of a valid visa or residence card of another country.

Limitations on passport use[edit]

Developments[edit]

European Union[edit]

An agreement between the European Community and Russia on the facilitation of the issuance of visas[231] has been in force since June 1, 2007. It has unified the cost of visas, and made it easier to obtain visas for close relatives, journalists, official delegations, transport crew members and some other groups of visitors. Similar agreements have been signed and ratified between Russia and Denmark on 1 October 2009 as well as Russia and Norway on 19 October 2011.[232][233] Silvio Berlusconi, the former Prime Minister of Italy, and later Alexander Stubb, the Foreign Minister of Finland have started public discussions on the future possibility for visa-free travel between the EU countries and Russia.[234][235]

On May 4, 2010, the EU and Russian Federation raised the prospect of beginning negotiations on a visa-free regime between their territories.[236] However it was announced by the Council of Ministers of the EU that the EU is not completely ready to open up the borders due to high risk of increase in human trafficking and drug imports into Europe and because of the loose borders of Russia with Kazakhstan. They will instead work towards providing Russia with a "roadmap for visa-free travel." While this does not legally bind the EU to providing visa-free access to the Schengen zone for Russian citizens at any specific date in the future, it does greatly improve the chances of a new regime being established and obliges the EU to actively consider the notion, should the terms of the roadmap be met. Russia on the other hand has agreed that should the roadmap be established, it will ease access for EU citizens for whom access is not visa-free at this point, largely as a result of Russian foreign policy which states that "visa free travel must be reciprocal between states." Both the EU and Russia acknowledge, however, that there are many problems to be solved before visa-free travel is introduced.

Visa facilitation talks with the United Kingdom, an EU member state that does not belong to the Schengen zone and thus determines its visa policy independently, were suspended by the British government in 2007 following the poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko.[237]

United States[edit]

In March 2009, U.S Consul General Kurt Amend stated that the US and Russia were having talks on abolishing the visa regime between the two countries.[238]

During a meeting in Moscow on March 10, 2011, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin proposed the introduction of reciprocal visa-free travel to US Vice President Joe Biden, saying, "it would be a historical step in the development of Russian-U.S. relations" and would create "an absolutely new atmosphere between our countries."[239] The Vice President's immediate reaction was cordial, but non-committal. According to Biden's national security advisor Anthony Blinken, visa liberalization had been discussed prior to the meeting, but he added, "The Russians know full well, as do the Americans, that there are legal requirements set by Congress to be met for visa liberalization that the Russians have not yet achieved." Among the requirements was that the refusal rate for Russians seeking visas to the United States fall below 3 percent.[240] Blinken said visa free travel could happen "...next year, [or] it could be in 10 years." However Dimitri V. Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, considered Putin's proposal to be merely a political tactic in his public exchange with Biden, calling it, "...a way to attract attention...as a way to knock someone off course, maybe it also worked."[240]

Since January 15, 2012, special arrangements exist for the entry of Russian citizens into two US territories, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Despite not being included in the Guam-CNMI visa waiver program, as part of a parole arrangement, Russian citizens in possession of a machine-readable passport, a completed Form I-736 (Guam-CNMI Visa Waiver Information form) and Form I-94 (Arrival-Departure Record) and a non-refundable and non-transferable return ticket can visit both Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands visa-free for up to 45 days.[241]

Panama[edit]

As of 2013 Russia is negotiating reciprocal visa-free travel with the Republic of Panama.[242]

Vaccination[edit]

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination. Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area.[243]

Passport validity[edit]

Many countries require passport validity of no less than 6 months and one or two blank pages.[244]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  241. ^ IMPORTANT UPDATE IN U.S. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: PAROLE OF CITIZENS OF RUSSIA INTO GUAM
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  243. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation
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External links[edit]