Beaver County, Oklahoma
|Beaver County, Oklahoma|
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
|• Total||1,818 sq mi (4,708 km2)|
|• Land||1,814 sq mi (4,699 km2)|
|• Water||3 sq mi (8 km2)|
|• Density||3.1/sq mi (1/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Beaver County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma, in a region referred to as the Panhandle. The name was given because of the presence of many beaver dams on the Beaver River, which runs through the area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,636. The county seat is Beaver.
The land where Beaver County is located has been under several jurisdictions. At one time, it was part of Texas before Texas became a state of the United States. There was a period of time (1886 - 1890) that it was a separate organized territory, known as Cimarron Territory. After becoming part of the Oklahoma Territory in 1890, Beaver County (first called Seventh County) covered the entire Oklahoma Panhandle. At statehood in 1907, Cimarron County was taken from the western one-third, while Texas County was taken from the middle, leaving Beaver County only in the east.  Its borders are now at 100°W (east), 37°N (north), 36.5°N (south), and approximately 100.8°W (west).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,818 square miles (4,708.6 km2), of which 1,814 square miles (4,698.2 km2) is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.18%) is water.
- Meade County, Kansas (north)
- Clark County, Kansas (northeast)
- Harper County, Oklahoma (east)
- Ellis County, Oklahoma (southeast)
- Lipscomb County, Texas (south)
- Ochiltree County, Texas (southwest)
- Texas County, Oklahoma (west)
- Seward County, Kansas (northwest)
Just north of the town of Beaver is the Beaver Dunes State Park.
As of the 2010 census, there were a total of 5,636 people, 2,192 households, and 1,614 families in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,719 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.71% White, 0.29% Black or African American, 1.25% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.76% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. 10.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,245 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.30% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.00% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,715, and the median income for a family was $41,542. Males had a median income of $31,013 versus $20,162 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,905. About 8.80% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2013|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
Although at one time competitive, Beaver has become strongly Republican in Presidential elections. The last Democratic candidate to win the county was Harry Truman in 1948. In the last three Presidential elections the Republican candidate has consistently received over 85% of the county's vote.
It is part of Oklahoma's 3rd congressional district and as such is represented by Frank Lucas. In the Oklahoma Senate it is part of the 27th district and is represented by Republican Bryce Marlatt. In the Oklahoma House of Representatives it is part of the 61st district and is represented by Republican Gus Blackwell.
|2012||89.42% 2,062||10.58% 244|
|2008||89.25% 2,199||10.75% 265|
|2004||88.44% 2,272||11.56% 297|
|2000||85.18% 2,092||13.80% 339|
Beaver County's economy has largely been based on agriculture since the turn of the 20th Century. At first, the major crop was broomcorn, but that was overtaken by wheat in the 1920s. Railroads connected the county to agricultural markets and stimulated an influx of new farmers. Beginning in 1912, the Wichita Falls and Northwestern Railway built a line from Woodward through Gate to Forgan. Beaver, Meade and Englewood Railroad completed a spur in 1915 from Beaver to Forgan, which was extended westward in 1925 -1927 to Hooker. New towns arose along the rail lines or old ones relocated along them.
The following sites in Beaver County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:
- Chronicles of Oklahoma. "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma." v. 2, N, 1. March 1924. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Hodges, V. Pauline. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Beaver County." Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. (accessed September 4, 2013)
- Geographie Electorale
- The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Oklahoma)
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-11.
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Beaver County
- Beaver County Government site
- McCasland Digital Collection of Early Oklahoma and Indian Territory Maps
||Seward County, Kansas||Meade County, Kansas||Clark County, Kansas|
|Texas County||Harper County|
|Ochiltree County, Texas||Lipscomb County, Texas||Ellis County|